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Unai Pascual

Unai Pascual Science should play a key role to achievie a fair and sustainable de-carbonised economic system and to help people and biodiversity to adapt to increasing climate risks. This is one of the most pressing issues of our time.



  • Position:
    Ikerbasque Research Professor
  • Main Research Field:
    The ecological-economic relationship between human well-being, biodiversity, ecosystem services and climate change
  • Contact information:
    Email address: unai.pascual@bc3research.org
    Contact phone: +34 94-401 46 90 ext. 129
  • Research ID (WOK): Unai Pascual RID
  • Google Scholar: Unai Pascual Scholar
  • Download CV:  CV UNAI PASCUAL IKERBASQUE PROF2 

Short CV


  • Prof. Unai Pascual is Ikerbasque Research Professor at the Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) and Senior Lecturer at the University of Cambridge (since 2003). Unai Pascual an ecological economist with 20 year experience bridging the social and natural sciences for understanding complex social-ecological systems.

  • He is member of the Multidisciplinary Expert Panel of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, IPBES.

  • His main research focuses on the interconnectedness between global environmental change and economic development paying special attention to the evolutionary role of institutions, markets and environmental governance across scales. He has conducted research projects in many countries around the world, including Europe, the USA and in developing countries such as Mexico, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, India, Ethiopia and Malawi.

  • He has an active role as advisor to international environmental policy bodies, including the European Commission, the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP), and the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (UN-FAO). Currently, he is an elected member to the Multidisciplinary Expert Panel of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services (IPBES) and member of the scientific committee of ecoSERVICES within Future Earth. In the recent past, he has been a member of the agroBIODIVERSITY scientific committee of Diversitas International, and twice elected to the European Board of the European Society of Ecological Economists (ESEE).

  • He has been a Coordinating Lead Author for the Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity (TEEB) initiative and has also been involved in the Millennium Assessment exercises in the UK (UKNEA) and Japan.

  • Prof. Unai Pascual’s work appears in more than 150 research outputs including books, conference proceedings, etc. as well as peer reviewed journal articles including in Science, PNAS, Ecological Economics, Environment and Development Economics, Global Environmental Change, AMBIO, Environmental Science and Policy, Land Economics, Land Use Policy, Environmental Conservation, Conservation Biology, World Development, etc. He also serves in various editorial boards, including Global Environmental Change and Environment and Development Economics.

  • Prof. Pascual has worked as lecturer and senior lecturer in various universities in Europe (Cambridge, Manchester, York, Barcelona, Bilbao) and Latin America (Argentina, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Colombia) and visited universities in the USA and Mexico.

Journal Articles

  • 2016
  • Berbés-Blázquez, M. González, J., Pascual, U. 2016. Towards an ecosystem services approach that addresses social power relations. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 19. 134-143. DOI (10.1016/j.cosust.2016.02.003).
  • Bohan, D.A., Landuyt, D., Ma, A., Macfadyen, S., Marinet, V., Massol, F., McInerny, G., Montoya, J.M., Mulder, C., Pascual, U., et al . 2016. Networking our way to better ecosystem service provision. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 31. 112-121. DOI (10.1016/j.tree.2015.12.003).
  • Chan, K., Balvanera, P., Benessaiah, K., Chapman, M., Díaz, S., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Gould, R.K., Hannahs, N., Jax, K., Klain, S.C., Luck, G., Martín-López, B., Muraca, B., Norton, B., Ott, K., Pascual, U., Satterfield, S., Tadaki, M., Taggart, J., Turner. 2016. Why Protect Nature? Rethinking Values and the Environment. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 113. (6) 1462–1465. DOI (10.1073/pnas.1525002113 ).
  • Palomo, I., Felipe-Lucía, M., Bennett, E., Martín-López, B. and Pascual, U. 2016. Disentangling the Pathways and Effects of Ecosystem Service Co-Production. Advances in Ecological Research. 53. DOI (10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.09.003).
  • Zabala, A., Pascual, U. 2016. Bootstrapping Q Methodology to Improve the Understanding of Human Perspectives. PLoS One. 11. (2) e0148087. DOI (10.1371/journal.pone.0148087).
  • 2015
  • Albizua, A., Williams, A., Hedlund, K., Pascual, U. 2015. Crop rotation including ley and manure can promote ecosystem services in conventional farming systems. APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY. 95. 54-61. DOI (10.1016/j.apsoil.2015.06.003).
  • Bennett, E.M., Cramer, W., Begossi, A., Cundill, G., Diaz, S., Egoh, E., Geijzendorffer, I.R., Krug C.B., Lavorel, S., Lazos, E., Lebel, L., Martín-Lopez, B., Meyfroidt, P., Mooney, H.A., Nel, J.L., Pascual, U., Payet, K., Harguindeguy, N.P., Peterson, G. 2015. Linking biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human well-being: three challenges for designing research for sustainability. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 14. 76-85. DOI (10.1016/j.cosust.2015.03.007).
  • Díaz, S., Demissew, Carabias, J., Joly, C. Lonsdale, W.M, Ash, N., Larigauderie., A.. et al. . 2015. The IPBES Conceptual Framework — connecting nature and people. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 14. 1-16. DOI (10.1016/j.cosust.2014.11.002).
  • Díaz, S., Demissew, S., Joly, C. Lonsdale, W.M., Larigauderie, A., Baptiste, B.L.G. Roué, M. Pascual, U . 2015. Biodiversity beyond babel. Reply to Soberón, J. and A.T Peterson: Biodiversity Governance: A Tower of Babel of Scales and Cultures. PLOS BIOLOGY. 13. (3) e1002108. DOI (10.1371/journal.pbio.1002108).
  • Etxano, I., Garmendia, E., Pascual, U., et al. . 2015. A participatory integrated assessment approach for planning and managing Natura 2000 network . Environment And Planning C-Government And Policy. 33. 1207 – 1232. DOI (10.1177/0263774X15612318).
  • Fernades, L.A.O., and Pascual, U. . 2015. Analise de eficiencia de agricultura familiar agroecologista. Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica. 24. 221-233.
  • Midler, E., Pascual, U., Drucker, A., Narloch, U., Soto, J.L. 2015. Unraveling the effects of payments for ecosystem services on motivations for collective action. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS. 120. 394-405. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.04.006).
  • Mulder, C., Bennet, E., Bohan, D.A., Bonkowski, M., Carpenter, S.R., Chalmers, R., Cramer, W., Durance, I., Eisenhauer, N., Fontaine, C., Haughton, A.J., Hettelingh, J.-P., Hines, J., Ibanez, S., Jeppesen, E., Krumins Adams, J., Ma, A., Mancinelli, G., Ma. 2015. 10 Years Later: Revisiting Priorities for Science and Society a Decade after the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Advances in Ecological Research. 53. 1-53. DOI (10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.10.005).
  • Narloch, U., Drucker, A., Pascual, U. . 2015. What role for cooperation in conservation tenders? Paying farmer groups in the High Andes. LAND USE POLICY. DOI (10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.09.017).
  • Olazabal, M., Pascual, U. 2015. Urban low-carbon transitions: barriers and opportunities. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. DOI (10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.047).
  • Olazabal,M., Pascual,U. 2015. Use of fuzzy cognitive maps to study urban resilience and transformation. Environmental Innovations and Societal Transitions. DOI (10.1016/j.eist.2015.06.006).
  • Pascual, U., Termansen, M., Hedlund, K., Brussaard, L., Faber, J., Foudi, S., Lemanceau, P., Liv-Jørgensen, S. 2015. On the value of soil biodiversity and ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services. 15. 11-18. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolser.2015.06.002).
  • 2014
  • Abson, D.J., Termansen, T. Pascual, U. Aslam, U., Fezzi, C., Bateman, I. 2014. Valuing Climate Change Effects Upon UK Agricultural GHG Emissions: Spatial Analysis of a Regulating Ecosystem Service. Environment and Resource Economics. 57. (2) 215 - 231. DOI (10.1007/s10640-013-9661-z).
  • Banwart. S., Black, H., Cai, Z., Gicheru; P. Joosten, H., Reynaldo, V., Milne, E., Pascual, U.; Nziguheba; Vargas; Bationo; Buschiazzo;de-Brogniez;Melillo;Richter;Termansen;Van Noordwijk; Ballabio;Goverse; Bhattacharyya; Goldhaber; Nikolaidis; Zhao; Funk;. 2014. Benefits of soil carbon: Report on the outcomes of an international Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment Rapid Assessment Workshop. Carbon Management. 5. (2) 185-192. DOI (10.1080/17583004.2014.913380).
  • Bateman, I.J., Harwood, A.R., Abson, D.J.,Andrews, B., A. Crowe, S. Dugdale, C. Fezzi, J. Foden, D. Hadley, R Haines-Young, M, Hulme, A Kontoleon, P. Munday, U Pascual, J Paterson, G Perino, A Sen, G.Siriwardena, M Termansen. 2014. Economic Analysis for the UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Synthesis and Scenario Valuation of Changes in Ecosystem Services. Environment and Resource Economics. 57. (2) 273 - 297. DOI (10.1007/s10640-013-9662-y).
  • Fezzi, C, I. Bateman, T. Askew, P Munday, U Pascual, A Sen, A Darnell . 2014. Valuing provisioning ecosystem services in agriculture: a climate scenario analysis for the United Kingdom. Environment and Resource Economics. 57. (2) 197 - 214. DOI (10.1007/s10640-013-9663-x).
  • Milne, E. Banwart, S.A., Noellemeyer, E. Pascual, U. et al . 2014. Soil Carbon, Multiple Benefits. Environmental Development . DOI (10.1016/j.envdev.2014.11.005).
  • Pascual, U., Phelps, J., Garmendia, E., Brown, K., Corbera, E., Martin, A., Gomez-Baggethun, E., Muradian, R . 2014. Social equity matters in conservation payments. BIOSCIENCE. DOI (10.1093/biosci/biu146).
  • 2013
  • Bateman, IJ; Harwood, AR; Mace, GM; Watson, RT; Abson, DJ; Andrews, B; Binner, A; Crowe, A; Day, BH; Dugdale, S; Fezzi, C; Foden, J; Hadley, D; Haines-Young, R; Hulme, M; Kontoleon, A; Lovett, AA; Munday, P; Pascual, U; Paterson, J; Perino, G; Sen, A; Sir. 2013. Ecosystem Services: Nature's Balance Sheet Response. SCIENCE. 342. (6157) 421 - 422.
  • Bateman, IJ; Harwood, AR; Mace, GM; Watson, RT; Abson, DJ; Andrews, B; Binner, A; Crowe, A; Day, BH; Dugdale, S; Fezzi, C; Foden, J; Hadley, D; Haines-Young, R; Hulme, M; Kontoleon, A; Lovett, AA; Munday, P; Pascual, U; Paterson, J; Perino, G; Sen, A; Sir. 2013. Bringing Ecosystem Services into Economic Decision-Making: Land Use in the United Kingdom. SCIENCE. 341. (6141) 45 - 50. DOI (10.1126/science.1234379).
  • Chiabai, A; Galarraga, I; Markandya, A; Pascual, U. 2013. The Equivalency Principle for Discounting the Value of Natural Assets: An Application to an Investment Project in the Basque Coast. Environmental & Resource Economics. 56. (4) 535 - 550. DOI (10.1007/s10640-012-9589-8).
  • Krishna, VV; Drucker, AG; Pascual, U; Raghu, PT; King, EDIO. 2013. Estimating compensation payments for on-farm conservation of agricultural biodiversity in developing countries. Ecological Economics. 87. 110 - 123. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.013).
  • Kumar, P., Brondizio, E., Gatzweiler, F., Gowdy, J., de Groot, J., Pascual, U., Reyers, B., Suhkdev. 2013. The economics of ecosystem services: from local analysis to national policies. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 5. (1) 78 - 86. DOI (10.1016/j.cosust.2013.02.001).
  • Muradian, R; Arsel, M; Pellegrini, L; Adaman, F; Aguilar, B; Agarwal, B; Corbera, E; de Blas, DE; Farley, J; Froger, G; Garcia-Frapolli, E; Gomez-Baggethun, E; Gowdy, J; Kosoy, N; Le Coq, JF; Leroy, P; May, P; Meral, P; Mibielli, P; Norgaard, R; Ozkaynak,. 2013. Payments for ecosystem services and the fatal attraction of win-win solutions. Conservation Letters. 6. (4) 274 - 279. DOI (10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00309.x).
  • Narloch, U; Pascual, U; Drucker, AG. 2013. How to achieve fairness in payments for ecosystem services? Insights from agrobiodiversity conservation auctions. Land Use Policy. 35. 107 - 118. DOI (10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.05.002).
  • Nordhagen, S; Pascual, U. 2013. The Impact of Climate Shocks on Seed Purchase Decisions in Malawi: Implications for Climate Change Adaptation. World Development. 43. 238 - 251. DOI (10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.08.002).
  • Phelps, J; Carrasco, LR; Webb, EL; Koh, LP; Pascual, U. 2013. Agricultural intensification escalates future conservation costs. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America. 110. (19) 7601 - 7606. DOI (10.1073/pnas.1220070110).
  • Rincón, A., Pascual., U., Flantua, S. 2013. Examining spatially varying relationships between coca crops and associated factors in Colombia, using geographically weight regression. Applied Geography. 37. 23 - 33. DOI (10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.10.009).
  • Ruiz, AR; Pascual, U; Romero, M. 2013. An exploratory spatial analysis of illegal coca cultivation in Colombia using local indicators of spatial association and socioecological variables. Ecological Indicators. 34. 103 - 112. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.04.008).
  • Stromberg, PM; Dedeurwaerdere, T; Pascual, U. 2013. The heterogeneity of public ex situ collections of microorganisms: Empirical evidence about conservation practices, industry spillovers and public goods. Environmental Science & Policy. 33. 19 - 27. DOI (10.1016/j.envsci.2013.04.003).
  • 2012
  • Corbera, E; Pascual, U. 2012. Ecosystem Services: Heed Social Goals. SCIENCE. 335. (6069) 655 - 656. DOI (DOI:10.1126/science.335.6069.655-c).
  • Hoyos, D; Mariel, P; Pascual, U; Etxano, I. 2012. Valuing a Natura 2000 network site to inform land use options using a discrete choice experiment: An illustration from the Basque Country. Journal Of Forest Economics. 18. (4) 329 - 344. DOI (10.1016/j.jfe.2012.05.002).
  • Jackson, LE; Pulleman, MM; Brussaard, L; Bawa, KS; Brown, GG; Cardoso, IM; de Ruiter, PC; Garcia-Barrios, L; Hollander, AD; Lavelle, P; Ouedraogo, E; Pascual, U; Setty, S; Smukler, SM; Tscharntke, T; Van Noordwijk, M. 2012. Social-ecological and regional adaptation of agrobiodiversity management across a global set of research regions. Global Environmental Change-Human And Policy Dimensions. 22. (3) 623 - 639. DOI (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.05.002).
  • Narloch, U; Pascual, U; Drucker, AG. 2012. Collective Action Dynamics under External Rewards: Experimental Insights from Andean Farming Communities. World Development. 40. (10) 2096 - 2107. DOI (10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.03.014).
  • Sunderland, L-A., Gabriel, D., Pascual, U., Schmutz, Rigby, D Godwin, R, Sait, S.M, Sakrabani, R., Kunin, W.E., Benton, T.G, Stagl, S. 2012. The ‘Neighbourhood Effect’: A multidisciplinary assessment of the case for farmer co-ordination in agri-environmental programmes. Land Use Policy. 29. (3) 502 - 512. DOI (10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.09.003).
  • Van Vliet, N. Mertz, O., Heinimann, A., Langanke, T., Adams, C., Messerli, P., Leisz, S., Pascual, U., Schmook, B., Schmidt-Vogt, D., Castella, J-C., Jørgensen, L., Birch-Thomsen, T.., Hett, C., Bech-Bruun, T., Ickowitz, A., Chi Vu, KI., Yasuyuki, K., F. 2012. Trends, drivers and impacts of changes in swidden cultivation in tropical forest-agriculture frontiers: A global assessment. Global Environmental Change. 22. (2) 418 - 429. DOI (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.10.009).
  • Ziegler, AD; Phelps, J; Yuen, JQ; Webb, EL; Lawrence, D; Fox, JM; Bruun, TB; Leisz, SJ; Ryan, CM; Dressler, W; Mertz, O; Pascual, U; Padoch, C; Koh, LP. 2012. Carbon outcomes of major land-cover transitions in SE Asia: great uncertainties and REDD plus policy implications. Global Change Biology. 18. (10) 3087 - 3099. DOI (10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02747.x).
  • 2011
  • Narloch, U; Drucker, AG; Pascual, U. 2011. Payments for agrobiodiversity conservation services for sustained on-farm utilization of plant and animal genetic resources. Ecological Economics. 70. (11) 1837 - 1845. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.05.018).
  • Narloch, U; Pascual, U; Drucker, AG. 2011. Cost-effectiveness targeting under multiple conservation goals and equity considerations in the Andes. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION. 38. (4) 417 - 425. DOI (10.1017/S0376892911000397).
  • Pascual, U. 2011. Governing the Environment: Salient institutional Issues. (book review) . Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. 8. (1) 69-71. DOI (10.1080/1943815X.2011.549710).
  • Pascual, U., Corbera, E. 2011. Payments for Environmental Services: Perspectives and innovative experiences for nature conservation and rural development. Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros. 228. 01/11/2029.
  • Pascual, U., Narloch, U., Nordhagen, S., Drucker, A. 2011. The economics of agrobiodiversity conservation for food security under climate change. Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales. 11. (1) 191 - 220.
  • Reyes-Garcia, V; Pascual, U; Vadez, V; Huanca, T. 2011. The Role of Ethnobotanical Skills and Agricultural Labor in Forest Clearance: Evidence from the Bolivian Amazon. Ambio. 40. (3) 310 - 321. DOI (10.1007/s13280-010-0107-3).
  • Rodriguez, LC; Pascual, U; Muradian, R; Pazmino, N; Whitten, S. 2011. Towards a unified scheme for environmental and social protection: Learning from PES and CCT experiences in developing countries. Ecological Economics. 70. (11) 2163 - 2174. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.06.019).
  • Wegner, G; Pascual, U. 2011. Cost-benefit analysis in the context of ecosystem services for human well-being: A multidisciplinary critique. Global Environmental Change-Human And Policy Dimensions. 21. (2) 492 - 504. DOI (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.12.008).
  • Wu, J., Fisher, M., Pascual, U. 2011. Urbanization and the viability of local agricultural economies. Land Economics. 87. 109 - 125.
  • 2010
  • Krishna, V., U. Pascual, D. Zilberman. 2010. Assessing the potential of labelling schemes for in-situ landrace conservation: An example from India. Environment and Development Economics. 15. 127-151. DOI (10.1017/S1355770X09990155).
  • Martínez-Alier, J., Pascual, U., Vivien, F-D., Zaccai, E. 2010. Sustainable de-growth: Mapping the context, criticisms and future prospects of an emergent paradigm. Ecological Economics. 69. 1741-1747. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.04.017).
  • Muradian, R. Corbera, R. Pascual, U., Kosoy, N. May. 2010. Reconciling theory and practice: an alternative conceptual framework for understanding payments for environmental services. Ecological Economics. 69. 1202-1208. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.11.006).
  • Omer, A., Pascual, U. and Russell, N.P. 2010. A theoretical model of agrobiodiversity as a supporting service for sustainable agricultural intensification. Ecological Economics. 69. 1926-1933. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.04.025).
  • Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Rodríguez, L.C, Duraiappah, A. 2010. Exploring the links between equity and efficiency in payments for environmental services: a conceptual approach. Ecological Economics. 69. 1237-1244. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.11.004).
  • Soto, J.L., Valdivia, E., Drucker, A., Narloch, U., Pascual, U., Pinto, M. 2010. Payments for agrobiodiversity conservation services (PACS) and its interlinkages with collective action and property rights. CienciaAgro. Journal de Ciencia y Tecnologia Agraria. 2. 188-198.
  • Stromberg, P., Pascual, U., Bellon, M. 2010. Seed systems and farmers’ seed choices: The case of maize in the Peruvian Amazon. Human Ecology. 38. 539-553. DOI (10.1007/s10745-010-9333-3).
  • 2009
  • Ishihara, I and Pascual, U. 2009. Social capital in community level environmental governance: A critique. Ecological Economics. 68. 1549-1562. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.11.003).
  • Pascual, U., Martínez-Espiñeira, R. 2009. The effect of environmental change and price policies on livelihoods in tropical agroforestry systems. Journal of International Development. 21. 433-446. DOI (10.1002/jid.1564).
  • 2007
  • Jackson, L., Bawa, K., Brussard, L., Pascual, U., Perrings, C., de Ruiter, P. 2007. Agrobiodiversity. Encyclopaedia of Biodiversity. 5. 01/01/2013. DOI (10.1016/B978-012226865-6/00572-9).
  • Jackson, L.E. Bawa, K.S., Brussaard, L., Pascual, U. and de Ruiter, P. 2007. Biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: Investing without losing interest. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 121. 193-195. DOI (10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.011.)
  • Jackson, L.E., Pascual, U. and Hodgkin, T. 2007. Utilizing and conserving agrobiodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 121. 196-210. DOI (10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.017).
  • Omer, A., Pascual, U. and Russell, N.P. 2007. Biodiversity conservation and productivity in intensive agricultural systems. Journal of Agricultural Economics. 58. 308-329. DOI (10.1111/j.1477-9552.2007.00091.x).
  • Pascual, U. and Barbier, E.B. 2007. On price liberalization, poverty and shifting cultivation: An example from Mexico. Land Economics. 83. 192-216. DOI (10.3368/le.83.2.192).
  • Pascual, U. and Perrings, C. 2007. Developing incentives and economic mechanisms for in-situ biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 121. 256–268. DOI (10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.017).
  • 2006
  • Konchak, W. And Pascual, U. 2006. Changing paradigms for a co-evolutionary environmental limit discourse. Environmental Science and Policy. 9. 01/10/2021. DOI (10.1016/j.envsci.2005.08.004).
  • Pascual, U. and Barbier, E.B. 2006. Deprived Land-Use Intensification in Shifting Cultivation: The Population Pressure Hypothesis Revisited. Agricultural Economics. 34. 155-165. DOI (10.1111/j.1574-0864.2006.00115.x).
  • Pascual, U. and Martínez-Espiñeira, R. 2006. Second-best policy options against poverty and environmental degradation in forest based agricultural systems. Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales. 12. 121-144.
  • Perrings, C., Jackson, L., Bawa, K., Brussaard, L., Brush, S., Gavin, T., Papa, R., Pascual, U., de Ruiter, P. 2006. Biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: Saving natural capital without losing interest’. Conservation Biology. 20. 263–264. DOI (10.1111/J.1523-1739.2006.00390.x).
  • Rodríguez, L.C., Pascual, U. and Niemeyer, H.M. 2006. Local identification and valuation of ecosystem goods and services from Opuntia scrublands of Ayacucho, Peru. Ecological Economics. 57. 30-44. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.022).
  • 2005
  • Pascual, U. 2005. Land-use intensification potential in slash-and-burn farming through improvements in technical efficiency. Ecological Economics. 52. 497-511. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecom.2004.09.012).

Books and Specials

  • 2009
  • Kontoleon, A., Pascual, U. and M. Smale. 2009. Agrobiodiversity Conservation and Economic Development. UK. -. 456. ISBN 978-0-415-46505-2.
  • Pascual, U., Shah, A., and J. Bandyopadhyay. 2009. Water, Agriculture and Sustainable Well-being. New Delhi. --. 360. ISBN 0198061757.
  • 2007
  • Kontoleon, A., Pascual, U. and T. Swanson. 2007. Biodiversity Economics. Cambridge. 692. ISBN 9780521866835.
  • 2005
  • Jackson, L., Bawa, K., Pascual, U., Perrings, C. 2005. AgroBIODIVERSITY: A New Science Agenda for Biodiversity in Support of Sustainable Agroecosystems. Paris. 44. ISBN 2-9522982-2-X.

Book chapters

  • 2014
  • Abson, D. Pascual, U., Termansen, M . 2014. Valuation approaches for soil carbon. Soil Carbon: Science, management and policy for multiple benefits. Wallingford, United Kingdom. CAB International. 213-224. ISBN 9781780645322. (http://www.cabi.org/bookshop/book/9781780645322).
  • Banwart, S.A., Black, H., Cai, Z., Gicheru, P.T., Joosten, H., Victoria, R.L., Milne, E., Noellemeyer, E., Pascual, U. . 2014. The Global Challenge for Soil Carbon. Soil Carbon: Science, Management and Policy for Multiple Benefits. 1st ed. Wallingford, United Kingdom. CAB International. 1-9. ISBN 9781780645322. (http://www.cabi.org/bookshop/book/9781780645322).
  • Drucker, A., Pascual, U., Narloch, U., Midler, E., Soto, J.L. Pinto, M., Valdivia, E., Rojas, W. . 2014. Los pagos voluntarios para la conservación de la diversidad de la quinua: explorando el papel de los pagos por servicios ambientales en los Andes. Estado del arte de la quinua en el mundo en 2013. UN-FAO. ISBN 978-92-5-308558-3. (http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4042s.pdf).
  • Funk, R, Pascual, U., Joosten, H., Duffy, C. Pan, G., la Scala, N., Gottschalk, P. Banwart, S., Batjes, N., Cai, Z., Six, J., Noellemeyer, N. 2014. From potential to implementation: An innovation framework to realise the benefits of soil carbon. Soil Carbon: Science, management and policy for multiple benefits. Wallingford, United Kingdom. CAB International. 47-59. ISBN 9781780645322.
  • Pascual, U, Termansen, M, Abson, D. . 2014. The economic value of soil carbon. Soil Carbon: Science, management and policy for multiple benefits. Wallingford, United Kingdom. CAB International. 179-188. ISBN 9781780645322.
  • 2013
  • Garmendia, E. and Pascual, U. 2013. A justice critique of environmental valuation for ecosystem governance. Justices and Injustices of Ecosystem Services. 1st ed. London. Earthscan. ISBN 978-0-415-82540-5.
  • Pascual, U., Jackson, L., Drucker, A. 2013. Economics of Agrobiodiversity. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition) . Waltham. Elsevier. 31-44. ISBN 978-0-12-384720-1.
  • Stromberg, P.M. Pascual, U. Ituarte-Lima, C. 2013. Property Rights and Government Involvement in Market-Like Biodiversity Conservation: An Empirical Analysis of Bioprospecting. Governing the Provision of Ecosystem Services. Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Springer Netherlands. ISBN 978-94-007-5176-7.
  • 2012
  • Dedeurwaerdere, T., P.M. Stromberg and Pascual, U. 2012. Social motivations and incentives in ex situ conservation of microbial genetic resources. The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture. 1st ed. Cambridge. Openbook Publishers. 111-124. ISBN 978-1-906924-46-1.
  • Dedeurwaerdere, T., P.M. Stromberg and Pascual, U. 2012. Social motivations and incentives in ex situ conservation of microbial genetic resources. The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture. Cambridge, UK. Openbook Publishers. Chapter 6, pp. 111-124. ISBN 978–“1-906924–“46-1.
  • 2011
  • Ishihara, I., Pascual, U. 2011. Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms. Social Capital and Collective Action in Environmental, Governance Revisited. Oxford, UK. Oxford University Press. Chapter 1 (Part III).
  • 2010
  • Kumar, P., Brondizio, E., Elmqvist, T., Gatzweiler, F., Gowdy, J., de Groot, D., Muradian, R., Pascual, U., Reyers, B., Smith, R. B-W., Sukhdev, P. 2010. Lessons learned and linkages with national policies. The economics of valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations. London. 285-306. ISBN 9781849712125.
  • Omer, A., Pascual, U. and Russell, N.P. 2010. The contribution of biodiversity to modern intensive farming systems. Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets: Livelihoods and Agroecology in Comparative Perspective. London. 117-136. ISBN 978-1-84407-776-2.
  • Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Brander, L., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Martín-López, M, Verman, M., Armsworth, P., Christie, M., Cornelissen, H., Eppink, F., Farley, J., Loomis, J., Pearson, L., Perrings, C., Polasky, S. 2010. The economics of valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations. London. 183-256. ISBN 9781849712125.
  • 2009
  • Barbier, E.B., S. Baumgärtner, K. Chopra, C. Costello, A. Duraiappah, R. Hassan, A. Kinzig, M. Lehman, U. Pascual, S. Polasky, C. Perrings. 2009. The Valuation of Ecosystem Services. Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective. Oxford University Press. Chapter 18. ISBN 9780199547951.
  • Brock, W.A., D. Finnoff, A.P. Kinzig, U. Pascual, C. Perrings, J. Tschirhart, A. Xepapadeas. 2009. Modeling Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services in Coupled Ecological-Economic System. Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective. Oxford University Press. Chapter 19. ISBN 9780199547951.
  • Kontoleon, A., Pascual, U., and Smale, M. 2009. Agrobiodiversity for Economic Development. What do we Know?. Agrobiodiversity Conservation and Economic Development. Routledge. 01/01/2025. ISBN 978-0-415-46505-2.
  • Krishna, V. and Pascual, U. 2009. greening markets help conserve landraces in situ? Eggplants in India. Agrobiodiversity Conservation and Economic Development. Routledge, UK. 267-289. ISBN 978-0-415-46505-2.
  • Omer, A., Pascual, U. and Russell, N.P. 2009. Biodiversity conservation and productivity in intensive agricultural systems. Agrobiodiversity Conservation and Economic Development. UK, Routledge. 113-136. ISBN 978-0-415-46505-2.
  • Pascual, U., Maddison, D., Field, E., Choudury, Z. 2009. Trade-offs between Risk and Latency of Health Hazards from Groundwater Contamination: An example from Bangladesh. Water, Agriculture and Sustainable Well-being’. New Delhi. Chapter 3. ISBN 198061757.
  • Pascual, U., Shah, A., and J. Bandyopadhyay. 2009. Water, Agriculture and Sustainable Well-being: Introduction. Water, Agriculture and Sustainable Well-being. New Delhi. Chapter 1. ISBN 198061757.
  • Perrings, C., S. Baumgärtner, W.A. Brock, K. Chopra, M. Conte, C. Costello, A. Duraiappah, A.P. Kinzig, U. Pascual, S. Polasky, J. Tschirhart, A. Xepapadeas. 2009. The Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective. Oxford University Press. Chapter 17. ISBN 9780199547951.
  • Rodríguez, L.C., Pascual, U., Niemeyer, H.M. 2009. Local Identification and Valuation of Ecosystem Goods and Services from Opuntia Scrublands of Ayacucho, Peru. Ecological Economics. SAGE. 253-273. ISBN 9781412948609.
  • Stromberg, P., Pascual, U., Bellon. M. 2009. Etnicidad, agrobiodiversidad y sistemas locales de semillas en el Amazonas central Peruano. ¿Cómo conservan los agricultores sus semillas en el trópico húmedo de Cuba, México y Perú? Experiencias de un proyecto de investigación en sistemas informales de semillas de chile, frijoles y maíz. Rome. 123-142. ISBN 978-92-9043-812-0.
  • 2008
  • Pascual, U. and Perrings, C. 2008. Developing incentives and economic mechanisms for in-situ biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes. Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity. London. chapter 8. ISBN 9781849711739.
  • 2007
  • Deurwaerdere, T., Krishna, V., and Pascual, U. 2007. An evolutionary institutional economics approach to the economics of bioprospecting. Biodiversity Economics: Principles, Methods and Applications. Cambridge University Press. 417-445. ISBN 9780521866835.

Other Publications

  • 2014
  • Midler, E., Pascual, U., Simonit, S. 2014. (Forthcoming). Forest ecosystems in national economies and contribution of REDD+ in a green economy transformation: the case of Panama.
  • 2013
  • Pascual, U., Garmendia., Phelps, J., Ojea, E. 2013. Leveraging global climate finance for sustainable forests: Opportunities and conditions for successful foreign aid to the forestry sector.
  • 2011
  • Bateman, I., Abson, D., Beaumont, N., Darnell, A Fezzi, Hanley, N., Kontoleon, A., Maddison, D., Morling, P., Morris,J., Mourato, S., Pascual, U., Perino, G., Sen, A., Tinch, D., Turner, K., Valatin, G. 2011. Chapter 22: Economic Values from Ecosystems. In: UK National Ecosystem Assessment. The UK National Ecosystem Assessment Technical Report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.
  • 2010
  • Carius et al. 2010. Payments for Ecosystem Services Towards an Implementation Strategy. Report of the International Expert Workshop .
  • 2009
  • Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Rodríguez, L.C, Duraiappah, A. . 2009. Revisiting the relationship between equity and efficiency in Payment for Environmental Services. 1.
  • 2007
  • Kontoleon, A., Pascual, U. 2007. Incorporating Biodiversity into Integrated Assessments of Trade Policy in the Agricultural Sector. Volume II: A reference manual. 2.
  • Pascual, U. 2007. The Total Economic Value of Forests in the Basque Country.

BC3 Working Papers & Policy Briefings

Conference Proceedings

  • 2014
  • a - Please see CV for full list of participation in congresses and conferences where I have given talks/presentations. , presented at the See CV for full list of participation in congresses and conferences. , organized by ..., ..., Spain, Sep, 2014
  • Equity matters in Payments for Ecosystem Services, presented at the PESMIX Payments for environmental services: new panacea or auxiliary for environmental management, organized by CIRAD, Montpellier, France, Jun, 2014
  • economic policy instruments of biodiversity conservation , presented at the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) expert meeting on Guide on policy support tools and methodologies Deliverable 4c, organized by United Nations, Bonn, Germany, May, 2014
  • 2013
  • Coordination of Klimagune Workshop, presented at the Klimagune Workshop, organized by BC3, Bilbao, Spain, Dec, 2013
  • No free lunches: PES for agobiodiversity conservation , presented at the UN-FAO Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue on Payments for Environmental Services/ Remuneration of Positive Externalities. Gathering evidence on PES and other incentive mechanisms for sustainable land and water management , organized by United nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy, Sep, 2013
  • Inputs to conceptual framework of IPBES, presented at the Expert meeting of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) to develop the IPBES conceptual framework , organized by South African Government, Cape Town, South Africa, Aug, 2013
  • Representation of Diversitas views on Biodiversity Science, presented at the Future Earth Europe Regional Workshop , Paris. , organized by International Council for Science (ICSU), Paris, France, May, 2013
  • Socio-economic dimensions of biodiversity conservation initiatives in agricultural landscapes, presented at the Biodiversity and resilience of agroecosystems, organized by CIRAD, Montpellier, France, Mar, 2013
  • The economics of biodiversity conservation, presented at the Joint Agiculture Food security and Climate Change FACCE– JPI and EU BiodivERsA network strategic experte meeting. , organized by Biodiversa, Paris, France, Mar, 2013
  • What is the value of soil biodiversity?, presented at the 4th Congress of Biodiversity , organized by UPV-EHU, Bilbao, Spain, Feb, 2013
  • 2012
  • Cost-benefit analysis and the provision of ecosystem services: A justice critique, presented at the Social justice and Ecosystem Services, organized by Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation (ESPA), London, United Kingdom, Nov, 2012
  • Cost-benefit analysis and the provision of ecosystem services: A justice critique, presented at the Just Ecosystem Management. Ecosystem Services. Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation Programme, organized by School of International Development. University of East Anglia., Norwich, United Kingdom, Oct, 2012
  • Inputs for the interim conceptual framework of IPBES, presented at the expert workshop on main issues relating to the development of a conceptual framework for the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES):, organized by UNESCO, Paris, France, Oct, 2012
  • Social ecological aspects of in situ agrobiodiversity for adaptation and resilience: institutions and policies, presented at the Toward a CGIAR Consortium Strategy on in situ Agro-biodiversity Research , organized by Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Montpellier, France, Jul, 2012
  • Coordination of Klimagune Workshop, presented at the Klimagune Workshop, organized by BC3, Bilbao, Spain, Jun, 2012
  • 2011
  • Innovative Financial Mechanisms for Biodiversity Conservation: Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES), presented at the Plenary address to the Presidency of the European Union (Hungary) and European Member State delegates. “Innovative Financial Mechanisms for Biodiversity Conservation: The role of Payments for Ecosystem Services, organized by European Comission, Budapest, Hungary, Mar, 2011
The opinions expressed at the information included in the personal web pages of the BC3 researchers, are responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3).



 
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