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Prof. Anil Markandya (Lead Author of the IPCC WGII AR5)

Tuesday, 01 April 2014

 

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A summary of the IPCC report on impacts of climate change has just been released and makes some important points.  The first is that scientists have more confidence of the presence of climatic impacts across a range of sectors, such as agriculture, fisheries and as a consequence of specific events, such as floods, droughts, storm surges and the like.  They also note that these effects will occur across all parts of the world -- nowhere is exempt -- although the low and mid latitudes are expected to be more severely impacted.  Indeed some of the climate-related changes actually favor countries such as those Northern Europe at the expense of the South and the tropics.

Second, it gives greater importance to the role of adaptation to addressing these impacts, compared to actions to reduce greenhouse gases.  It is still true that the greater the level of emissions in the future, the greater will be the extent of damages from climate change but even with strong policies to reduce these emissions we can expect significant impacts.  There is a lot of inertia already built into the system and the evidence so far is that measures to reduce emissions are having little impact.  So we will need to adapt our activities in a way that recognizes the presence of climate related changes.  This will require new approaches to the use of water, regulations on construction of building and other infrastructure to withstand climate impacts, changes in agricultural practices and so on. 

This leads us to the third key message and that relates to the scope for adaptation.  We can do a lot to make life easier and more pleasant if we undertake these adaptation measures and, moreover, many of them have relatively low costs compared to the benefits they provide.  To be sure this set of measures needs much work to be fully implemented.  These details will take considerable research as well as cooperation between nation states but the prospects are seen as positive and a key message is that adaptation is both feasible and necessary.

In the coming years therefore we need to devote considerable efforts on improving our understanding of the impacts of climate change at the local level.  While there is agreement that impacts can be expected, knowledge of where they will occur and with what degree of severity, remain highly uncertain.   Furthermore these impacts will be overlaid on, and will interact with, major demographic, economic and social changes that can be expected to take place over the rest of this century.   Our knowledge base relating to all of this has to be improved but it is unlikely that we will ever know with certainty what the consequences of climate change will be over such a long period of time.  We need therefore tools for planning that recognize this uncertainty and that select policies and measures that are robust under a wide range of possible outcomes.  That is a key challenge that we face now.

Another aspect of the adaptation is the international one.  Climate change hurts some countries and regions more than others and it is possible that some conflicts could result as a consequence of these differences.   One can certainly expect some autonomous actions to be taken to adapt that involve shifts in activity and location of population but we have little confidence in how these will play out and we need to better understand the links between climatic and other factors and determine factors such as migration.  But it looks increasingly likely that developing countries will face new challenges in their quest for development and there will be an important role for transfers of resources and technology to these countries to meet these challenges.

 

 

Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability (IPCC,Summary for Policy Makers)

Tuesday, 01 April 2014

IPCC PRESS RELEASE: WGII AR5 Summary for Policymakers
Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability
WGII AR5 Phase I Report Launch 1 31 March 201

See full document here: IPCC wg2ar5 spm approved

 

Vanessa Sanchez entrevista a Ibon Galarraga en el programa "Entrada Libre"

Monday, 20 January 2014



 

 

 

Alemania, Francia, Italia y R. Unido piden a Bruselas fijar un recorte del 40% en emisiones en 2030

Thursday, 09 January 2014

Las cuatro mayores economías de la UE -Alemania, Francia, Reino Unido e Italia- han pedido a la Comisión Europea que fije un objetivo de reducción de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero de al menos 40% para 2030 con el objetivo de atenuar el impacto del cambio climático e impulsar las inversiones en tecnologías de bajas emisiones de CO2.


Fuente Europa press:  http://bit.ly/1ahDDMQ

 

Entrevista ofrecida por Mikel Gonzalez de Eguino en Cadena Ser

Wednesday, 08 January 2014

"El Clima para 2014 y su repercusión", el investigador de BC3, Mikel Gonzalez de Eguino, fue entrevistado por Azul Tejerina, para el programa "Hoy por Hoy" de la Cadena Ser.

 

 

"Euskadi se arriesga a perder parte de sus playas por el cambio climático "

Monday, 06 January 2014

Ibon Galarraga,  investigador de BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change y experto en materia de cambio climático,analiza los impactos derivados del CC y apreciables en Euskadi en una entrevista ofrecida a Diario Norte.

Fuente: Diario Norte Seguir leyendo

 

Científicos de BC3 y UPV sostienen que una reforma fiscal ambiental reduciría la economía sumergida

Friday, 27 December 2013

Un estudio cientifico realizado por el investigador de BC3, Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino e investigadores de la UPV, que ha sido recientemente publicado en la revista Energy Economics, sostiene que una reforma fiscal ambiental reduciría la economica sumergida.

La medida principal sería aumentar el gravamen de las emisiones de CO2 y reducir las de las rentas del trabajo, manteniendo el gasto público actual.

Las proyecciones realizadas por los investigadores auguran un gran beneficio para el sistema de financiación público y un crecimiento económico general.

Seguir leyendo

 

Investigadores de la UPV/EHU y BC3 proponen impuestos para las emisiones de CO2

Friday, 27 December 2013

Un grupo de investigadores de la UPV/EHU y el Basque Center for Climate Change (BC3) propone introducir impuestos a las emisiones de CO2 y reducir los impuestos del trabajo, una reforma fiscal que, a su juicio, mejoraría el medio ambiente y reduciría la economía sumergida. Estos expertos han abordado el efecto que tendría introducir una reforma fiscal ambiental en un sistema económico, y han concluido que podría ayudar a reducir el perjuicio que la economía sumergida tiene en el sistema público, además del beneficio ambiental que acarrearía. 'Energy Economics' ha publicado el estudio.

Fuente; Diario Vasco Seguir Leyendo

 

"Proponen impuestos a las emisiones de CO2 para cuidar el medioambiente"

Friday, 27 December 2013

Investigadores de la UPV y del BC3 apuestan por una reforma fiscal ambiental que "puede ser muy eficaz"
Investigadores de la UPV/EHU y del Basque Center for Climate Change (BC3) han propuesto introducir impuestos a las emisiones de CO2 y reducir los tributos al trabajo como medidas para mejorar tanto el medioambiente como la eficiencia del sistema tributario. A su entender, una reforma fiscal ambiental mejoraría el medio ambiente y reduciría la economía sumergida. La investigación, desarrollada por los investigadores de BC3, el Prof. Anil Markandya, El Dr. Mikel González-Eguino y la Dra. Marta Escapa, ha sido publicada por la revista Energy Economics

Fuente: Noticias de Gipuzkoa.   Seguir leyendo

 

Entrevista ofrecida por el Prof Anil Markandya en Onda Vasca

Thursday, 26 December 2013

El Prof. Anil Markandya, Director Científico de BC3, fue entrevistado por Begoña Beristain en Onda Vasca. Durante la misma, trato lo acontecido durante la ultima cumbre climática, COP19, el informe publicado recientemente por IPCC y la contribucion realizada desde Euskadi por BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, exponiendo sus áreas de investigación.

 

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"Kukua habian?" Unai Pascual-ek "Igandea" gehigarrian eskeinitako elkarrizketa

Thursday, 26 December 2013

Espainiako legean agertu dira kontserbazio bankuak, eta, hala, bidea ireki diote ingurumenean egindako eragin negatiboak konpentsatzeko merkatuak erabiltzeari. Bai teorian bai praktikan tresnok hutsune eta arrisku handiak dituzte, ordea.

Iturria Igandea http://m.berria.info/87041

 

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