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From January 2016 onwards all the BC3 News are available at news.bc3research.org.

Please find copied below the News previous to January 2016

BC3 News

Prof. Markandya endorsed the Economists’ Declaration on Universal Health Coverage

Friday, 25 September 2015

 

Prof. Anil Markandya , Scientific Director of BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, is among the 267 experts in 44 countries who have made a declaration at the Lancet that universal health coverage is a smart, affordable investment to save millions of lives, protect livelihoods and strengthen economies. 

 

Economist declaration
 

Universal health coverage means ensuring that everyone can obtain essential health services at high quality without suffering financial hardship.

Published in the Lancet , scientific journal (http://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140-6736%2815%2900242-1.pdf ) ahead of the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/summit the experts say this is a crucial moment for global leaders to reflect on financial investments to maximise progress by 2030.

The declaration was made by economists on every continent, five Nobel Laureates, current and former Chief Economists of the World Bank and leading experts in health and development economics.The signatories urged that;

  • Heads of government increase domestic funds for global health convergence and provide vocal political leadership to implement policy reforms toward pro-poor universal health coverage;
  • Donor countries meet their pledges for international development assistance and commit to investing in the global functions of development assistance for health, particularly research and development for diseases of poverty;
  • Development financing discussions explicitly address equity, including who pays domestically and who benefits;
  • National policymakers embrace universal health coverage, as defined above, as an integrated approach for measuring progress toward health targets in the post-2015 global development framework.

 

Declaration website

   
http://universalhealthcoverageday.org/economists-declaration/

With the United Nations set to launch the bold sustainable development agenda (25-27 Sept) , this is a crucial moment for global leaders to reflect on the financial investments needed to maximize progress by 2030. As an input into deliberations around those investments, the signatories to this declaration, 267 economists from 44 countries, call on global policymakers to prioritize a pro-poor pathway to universal health coverage as an essential pillar of development.
Universal health coverage means ensuring that everyone can obtain essential health services at high quality without suffering financial hardship. Resource constraints require individual countries to determine their own definition of “essential” – while recognizing, in the words of former World Health Organization Director-General Gro Harlem Brundtland, that “... if services are to be provided for all, not all services can be provided. The most cost-effective services should be provided first.”
Even granted this recognition of resource constraints, our generation has a historic opportunity to achieve a “grand convergence” in global health, reducing preventable maternal, child, and infectious disease deaths to universally low levels by 2035. In its report, Global Health 2035, the Lancet Commission on Investing in Health showed that with today’s powerful tools for improving health, and the prospect for continued improvement in those tools, financially feasible universal health coverage in every country could lead to grand convergence with its accompanying benefits in both health and in protection from health-related financial risks. (1)
We amplify these points below.

Our global society has a vested interest in investing in health to transform lives and livelihoods.

•    Health is essential to eradicating extreme poverty and promoting growth of well-being. (2,3) Over the past decade, health improvements – measured by the value of life-years gained – constituted 24% of full income growth in low- and middle-income countries. (1)
•    Health systems oriented toward universal health coverage, immensely valuable in their own right, produce an array of benefits: in times of crisis, they mitigate the impact of shocks on communities; in times of calm, they foster more cohesive societies and productive economies.
•    The economic benefits of investment in grand convergence are estimated to be more than 10 times greater than costs – meaning that early stages on the pathway to universal health coverage, focused on high-payoff convergence interventions, will have high value relative to the cost of raising revenue, including the deadweight (or welfare) cost of taxation, or (in most cases) to the value of its use in other sectors. (4)

The success of the next development chapter hinges on the ability to actually deliver proven health solutions to the poorest and most marginalized populations.

•    There is a strong record of public sector and development assistance success in the finance and delivery of transformative health interventions – immunizations, treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and childhood infections, and eradication or near eradication of major communicable diseases. At the same time most countries have experienced difficulties with delivering primary and secondary care in both the public and private sectors. Continued progress toward universal health coverage will require addressing these delivery problems.
•    150 million people fall into poverty every year paying for health out-of-pocket. (5) By pooling funding and providing early access to health services, universal health coverage reduces reliance on out-of-pocket payments, thereby protecting households from impoverishing financial risks.
•    The Ebola virus disease epidemic has reminded us that we are only as strong as our weakest links. The debilitating effect of Ebola could have been mitigated by building up public health systems in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone at one third the cost of the Ebola response so far. (6)

Every country has the opportunity to achieve universal health coverage.

•    More than 100 countries across the development spectrum have begun working toward universal health coverage – testing and increasingly demonstrating its feasibility.
•    Countries will find greatest value for money by financing for everyone convergence-related services that are high-quality and free or low cost at the point of delivery. As their domestic resources increase, countries would expand the package of essential services that are publicly financed for all.
•    Most countries have the capacity to raise more domestic funds for health through improved tax systems and innovative financing mechanisms. And given anticipated economic growth across low- and lower-middle-income counties, most countries will have additional financial means to invest more in health services and delivery. When allocated efficiently, greater investments in health can result in lower overall costs to the system. (1)
Development assistance for health will play an essential part in achievement of a grand convergence in global health and universal health coverage.
•    Domestic funding alone will not be enough for many low-income countries to provide even the convergence-related health services. Focusing the available country-specific health aid on the convergence interventions in low-income (but committed) countries can provide invaluable help.
•    A grand convergence in global health will be greatly helped by substantial investments from donors in the neglected global functions of development assistance for health: providing global public goods such as health research and development, dealing with cross-border externalities such as pandemics and antimicrobial resistance, and supporting leadership and stewardship of global institutions. Adequate finance of these global functions is likely to prove the most efficient path to improving conditions of the poor in middle-income countries. (7)

We, the undersigned, therefore urge that:

•    Heads of government increase domestic funds for global health convergence and provide vocal political leadership to implement policy reforms toward pro-poor universal health coverage;
•    Donor countries meet their pledges for international development assistance and commit to investing in the global functions of development assistance for health, particularly research and development for diseases of poverty;
•    Development financing discussions explicitly address equity, including who pays domestically and who benefits;
•    National policymakers embrace universal health coverage, as defined above, as an integrated approach for measuring progress toward health targets in the post-2015 global development framework.
• • •
Even with substantial rates of economic growth, resources for health (and other sectors) will remain highly constrained. The intrinsic value of improved health – and the demonstrated potential of governments and aid agencies to deliver key health interventions – points to maintaining and expanding commitment to health through investing in pro-poor pathways to universal health coverage. Amartya Sen has labeled this opportunity “the affordable dream.” 

 

Publication:
•    Lawrence H Summers et al. Economists' Declaration on Universal Health Coverage. The Lancet. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00242-1

 

 

Prof. Markandya keynote speaker at the final workshop of ProEcoServ

Friday, 25 September 2015


The Final Workshop on the Project for Ecosystem Services (ProEcoServ) http://www.proecoserv.org is to be held on 28-29 September, at UNEP Headquarters in Nairobi.

Prof. Markandya, Scientific Director of the Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), will participate in this workshop as a keynote speaker addressing a presentation entitled "Mainstreaming of natural capital for inclusive green economy".

 

Proecoserv markandya 20150925

 

The Project for Ecosystem Services(ProEcoServ) is a GEF-funded umbrella project aiming at piloting the bundling of ecosystem services and the integration of ecosystem services approaches into resource management and decision making. The overall goal of the project is to better integrate ecosystem assessment, scenario development and economic valuation of ecosystem services into sustainable national development planning.       

Building on studies undertaken as part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), five countries will focus on a) site-specific assessments; b) close involvement of national and local stakeholders; and c) tools, models and methods for decision makers and policy implementation to mainstream ecosystem management approaches into national development policies.


ProEcoServ combines three distinct but linked components:

Support Tools for Policy Making: Development and application of multi-scale and locally valid tools and decision support models for development planning and policy making.

Assistance for Policy Implementation: Support for the application of ecosystem and ecosystem service management approaches at national and transboundary levels.

Bridge between Science and Policy
: Strengthening of science-policy interfaces to reinforce multi-scale linkages from local to international actors, as well as to bridge the gap between research results and policy application in developing countries and the international biodiversity arena.

 

Download the Full Agenda of EcoProserv Final Workshop here

 

Comparecencia de Ibon Galarraga en el Parlamento Vasco

Thursday, 11 December 2014

Eusko Legebiltzarra- Parlamento Vasco
Comisión de Medio Ambiente y Política Territorial


Comparecencia de Ibon Galarraga, investigador de BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, a petición de la comisión, de conformidad con la solicitud formulada por Dª Natalia Rojo Solana, parlamentaria del grupo Socialistas Vascos, a fin de que explique su valoración respecto al cambio climático en Euskadi (10\10\06\03\0536).

  

Ibon galarraga legebiltzarra 2014-12-03

Visualizar comparecencia (Fuente Eusko Legebiltzarra_Parlamento Vasco)

 

 

 

Vicomtech-IK4k eta BC3k, Klima Aldaketa Ikergaik TObeWELL kongresua antolatu dute

Tuesday, 09 September 2014

Turismoan, ongizatean eta zerbitzu ekosistemikotan adituak diren 35 aditu baino gehiago Vicomtech-IK4n bilduko dira


Vicomtech-IK4k eta BC3k, Klima Aldaketa Ikergaik, turismoa eta aisiaren bidez ongizatea hobetzeko europar proiektu batean oinarritzen den TObeWELL kongresua hartuko dute, bertan Europako 25 herrialdeetako 60 ikerketa zentro eta unibertsitatek parte hartuko dutelarik


Kongresua Vicomtech-IK4n (Donostia) ospatuko da eta turismoa pertsonen osasun eta ongizatea hobetetzeko katalizatzailea nola izan daitekeen azalduko da bertanTurismoan, ongizatean eta zerbitzu ekosistemikotan adituak diren 35 aditu baino gehiago Vicomtech-IK4n bilduko dira


Jeitsi Prentsa Oharra  PO_ TObeWELL_09092014

 

Vicomtech-IK4 y BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, acogen el Congreso TObeWELL

Tuesday, 09 September 2014

Más de 35 especialistas internacionales en turismo, bienestar y servicios ecosistémicos se reúnen en Vicomtech-IK4


Vicomtech-IK4 y BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, acogen el Congreso TObeWELL, basado en un proyecto europeo para mejorar el bienestar a través del turismo y del ocio, en el que participan 60 centros de investigación y universidades de 25 países europeos


En el congreso, que tiene lugar en Vicomtech-IK4 en San Sebastián, se expondrá cómo y de qué manera el turismo puede ser un catalizador para mejorar la salud y el bienestar de las personas.

 

Descargar Nota de Prensa_NP_Congreso TObeWELL_09092014


 

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 11th Session OWG Goals

Thursday, 05 June 2014

Some of the world’s top economists, among which it is Prof. Anil Markandya, Scientific Director of BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, have assessed the targets from the 11th session Open Working Group document into one of five categories, based on economic evidence: Phenomenal, Good, Fair, Poor and Uncertain.

Capture cc 05062014

 Read More

 
Media coverage of this news. The New York Times

 

FLAGSHIP project just launched its bi-annual Newsletter

Wednesday, 04 June 2014

 

FLAGSHIP (Forward Looking Analysis of Grand Societal challenges and Innovative Policies) project has just released its Bi-annual Newsletter Flagship newsletter3 june14.


More information about this project and BC3´s contribution  here

 

Flagship ii

 

 

 

The European Commission selects a BC3 research for its quality and policy relevance

Friday, 16 May 2014

The European Commission´s  "Science for Environment Policy" weekly News alert selected  in its latest bulletin, for quality and European policy relevance, a paper co-authored by BC3 researchers, Prof Anil Markandya and Dr. Mikel-Gonzalez de Eguino;"From shadow to green: Linking environmental fiscal reforms and the informal economy"and  published in the prestigious  scientific journal Energy Economics (DOI:10.1016/j.eneco.2013.0).

This weekly News Alert forms the cornerstone of the Science for Environment Policy service of the European Commission and summarises scientific studies in easy-to-read language with policy implications clearly highlighted. The studies are carefully selected for quality and European policy relevance.

Green taxes can boost the economy

Green taxes could boost economic growth and reduce the 'cash-in-hand' untaxed shadow economy, according to new research. The study modelled green taxes' effects on Spain's economy and suggests the revenue from these taxes would increase economic activity and employment if it was used to reduce income tax.
[http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/newsalert.htm ]

 

Eu green economy

 [http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf/372na4.pdf]
Environmental taxes, such as carbon taxes on fossil fuels or waste disposal taxes,represent a relatively new revenue stream for governments and studies suggest that they can yield a ‘double dividend’. For example, the revenue they produce can be used to reduce other taxes, thus providing both environmental improvements and positive economic outcomes. However, there are disagreements among researchers over the size of double dividends.Prior to this study, there was no research which considered the link between environmental taxation reforms and the ‘shadow’ or informal economy that is, goods and services paid for in cash and not declared for taxation or included in official economic calculations. Such informal markets account for significant and growing portions of GDP in many countries. InSpain, for example, where unemployment is high, the shadow economy may account for 20-25% of GDP, with a significant effect on the tax system.
In this study, the researchers take the novel approach of examining the impact of environmental tax reform on Spain’s economy while taking into account the presence of a shadow economy. The analysis assumed budgetary neutrality, i.e. revenues from
environmental taxes (in this case taxes on products and services that generate CO2emissions) are used to reduce taxes on income or capital or to make lump sum transfers. The model showed how variations of this policy would affect different aspects of the economy, including unemployment. The researchers found that models used to assess the impacts of green taxes should not neglect the shadow economy. For example, under a scenario with green taxes aiming toachieve a 15% reduction in CO2 emissions inclusion of the shadow economy increased levelsof prosperity and living standards (welfare) to 3% higher than models which did not include the shadow economy. Official GDP was also 7% higher, and the unemployment rate was 3%
lower. The authors also found that the size of the shadow economy directly affected the size of the welfare increase seen, i.e. the bigger the shadow economy, the greater the increasein welfareas a result of green taxes.
These effects were found to be driven, in part, by the increased tax paid by informal workers through consumption of services and products which included environmental taxes.Additionally, using green taxes to ease income tax meant that taxes were recovered more efficiently, lowering the strain on public finances. This translates to an overall increase in economic activity, reduced unemployment and reductions of the informal economy.The results, combined with similar findings from other studies, led the authors to conclude that replacing a portion of income tax with green taxes is one of the best options for environmental fiscal reforms. However, they also mention that there are a number of issues arising from such an approach. For example, environmental taxes have the potential to affect the poorest members of society most, as they spend a greater proportion of their income on energy than wealthier members

 

Elisa Sainz de Murieta ikerlaria Hamaika Telebistan denboraldien inpaktuetaz

Thursday, 20 February 2014

BC3 ko ikerlaria den Elisa Sainz de Murietak,  Hamaika Telebistako, Atik Ztara saioan parte hartu zuen azken denboraldien inpaktuen gaineko azterketa egiteko.

 

 

Entrevista realizada por el Dr. Mikel González Eguino a "El Diario Vasco"

Sunday, 27 April 2014

Entrevista ofrecida por el  Dr. Mikel González Eguino a El Diario Vasco el 17/04/2014. "El futuro se llama océano ,Euskadi se va a ver obligada a adaptarse a la creciente influencia del mar. La subida del nivel del agua se ha acelerado en el último siglo debido a la acción del hombre y al cambio climático"

Fuente El Diario Vasco: Ver noticia

 

Los impactos que estamos sufriendo son aún gestionables

Sunday, 30 March 2014

Entrevista ofrecida por el Dr. Ibon Galarraga al medio, DEIA,  sobre los impactos del cambio climático y las necesarias medidas de adaptación a la misma "Los impactos que estamos sufriendo son aún gestionables siempre y cuando se apueste por políticas climáticas ambiciosas".

Fuente DEIA: Ver noticia 

 

Capture

 

 

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