BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

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Completed projects

NEREA5

Modelización de las emisiones de N y C usando el DNDC para obtención de factores de emission dentro de diferentes prácticas agrícolas

Una de las principales prioridades para la agricultura del futuro, según la Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change (2011), es promover la intensificación de la producción agrícola reduciendo impactos ambientales como las emisiones gaseosas (N2O, CO2, CH4, NOx y NH3). Para poder actuar en esta línea a través de prácticas agrícolas es necesario entender bien la dinámica del N y su relación con el ciclo del C y agua en sistemas agrarios.

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CAUSE

Evaluación y valoración comparativa de los servicios de los ecosistemas en los sistemas agro-forestales: una metodología para la priorizacion de políticas con incidencia sobre los usos del suelo

El objetivo de CAUSE es analizar los mecanismos biofísicos de la provisión de los servicios ecosistémicos (SE) así como las implicaciones económicas que estos pueden tener permite a nuestra sociedad equilibrar ambos lados de la ecuación “medio ambiente vs. economía”, resultando en una mejor gestión y gobernanza. Hasta ahora, las aproximaciones a la cuantificación de los SE han ignorado su compleja dinámica y su estructura ecológica multidimensional, resultando en estimaciones de provisión de SE, usos y flujos, que no ofrecen la exactitud espacial o la precisión necesaria para informar de forma eficiente a la toma de decisiones. Estas aproximaciones no permiten tampoco un análisis basado en escenarios de una forma cuantitativa y explícita espacialmente.


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WISER

WISER: Which Ecosystem Service Models Best Capture the Needs of the Rural Poor?  

It is widely acknowledged that poor rural communities are frequently highly dependent on ecosystem services (ES) for their livelihoods, especially as a safety net in times of hardship or crisis. However, a major challenge to the understanding and management of these benefit flows to the poor is a lack of data on the supply, demand and use of ecosystem services by the poor, particularly in the developing world where dependence on ES is often highest.

Recent work suggests that errors associated with the commonly used global proxies (such as benefits transfer) are likely to be substantial and therefore confuse or worse, misdirect, policy formulation or management interventions (such as perverse subsidies). Given these issues, recent improvements in integrated modelling platforms - in some cases founded on desktop process-based models - which aim to provide improved and dynamic maps of current and future distributions of ES have much to offer ES-based poverty alleviation interventions and policy. While these next generation process-based models appear to have a role to play in ES-based poverty alleviation efforts, the level of sophistication and data needs that is required to deliver policy relevant information is poorly understood. It is, for example, unclear whether even the most sophisticated process-based biophysical model is able to provide sufficiently accurate information for regional- or local-scale policy decision making when based on globally available datasets. Similarly, there has been no attempt to quantify the degree to which disaggregation of beneficiaries is necessary within integrated modelling platforms to provide information on managing natural assets that is relevant to the poorest people.

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ASSETS

Attaining Sustainable Services from Ecosystems ASSETS logo

The ASSETS project aims to explicitly quantify the linkages between ecosystem services that affect – and are affected by – food security and nutritional health for the rural poor at the forest-agricultural interface. The project proposes to integrate a suite of complexity tools and cutting edge models with more traditional participatory assessments in the field within a modified version of the Drivers-Pressures-States-Impacts-Response methodological framework to: identify how dynamic stocks and flows of ecosystem services at the landscape scale translate to local-level nutritional diets and health; and inform policy makers on how future land use and climate change will affect both food security and the ecosystem services associated with it.


 

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BASE

Bottom-up Climate Adaptation Strategies towards a Sustainable Europe perseus logo

Climate change can disrupt ecological, social and economic systems, with some regions and sectors suffering significantly. Therefore, adaptation plays a paramount role in responding to climate change. Progress has been made, but there are still important obstacles. Knowledge of the benefits and costs of adaptation is sparse, unsystematic and unevenly distributed across sectors and countries. Planning suffers from substantial uncertainties in terms of precise impacts. It is also difficult to reconcile the bottom-up nature of adaptation with top-down strategic policy making on adaptation

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