BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

Klimagune Summer School Training Caravan Seminars UPV BC3

Seminario / Mintegia
"Investments in energy efficiency under climate policy uncertainty"

Nos complace invitarle al Seminario ofrecido por Jose Manuel Chamorro y Luis Mª Abadie que se celebrará el viernes 16 de octubre, a las 13:00 de la mañana en el Aula B.01 de la UPV en Sarriko. (Lehendakari Aguirre, 83)

Atseginez gonbidatzen zaitugu urriaren 16an goizeko 13:00etan  EHUko Sarrikon B.01gelan Jose Manuel Chamorrok eta Luis Mª Abadiek emango duten mintegira. (Lehendakari Aguirre, 83) 


"Investments in energy efficiency under climate policy uncertainty."

Efficiency gains have put a limit on fuel consumption growth in the past. In addition to energy savings, these improvements have another basic impact, namely the avoiding of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that go hand in hand with fossil fuel combustion. To the extent that there is a price for these emissions, curbing them has economic value for firms that operate in an emissions-constrained environment. This holds also where no such price exists currently but there is a chance that climate restrictions will be imposed in the future.

There is a broad consensus that energy efficiency can play a significant role in curbing GHG emissions while paying for itself. However, investments that at first glance seem worthwhile are frequently not undertaken. This situation can be traced back in part to the challenge of attracting sufficient interest from the investment community. Fortunately, though, energy-efficiency investments lend themselves to financial analysis. We analyze investments in efficiency (and savings in energy) from the viewpoint of a firm or individual that behaves rationally, i.e., in its own economic best interest.

The investment or project is valued as a (real) option that is only exercised at the optimal time and is irreversible (the firm cannot disinvest should market conditions turn). The return on this investment is highly uncertain. Uncertainty emanates from energy prices and emission allowance prices, but regulatory uncertainty may top them. We aim to determine the optimal time to invest or, in other words, to learn the conditions under which the investment should be undertaken.

Our theoretical model comprises two stochastic processes for fuel (say, natural gas) price, and emission (say, carbon) allowance price, respectively. With regard to the carbon price, we consider a standard geometric Brownian motion (GBM) in two different scenarios: within a given commitment period (e.g., 2008-2012), and between two successive periods (i.e. the current one and the immediate post-Kyoto period), presumably separated by a change in climate regulation with an ensuing jump in carbon prices. As for the natural gas price, we assume a mean-reverting process in which the long-term equilibrium level grows deterministically over time. The key underlying parameters in these processes are estimated from actual market prices. We can then assess energy-efficiency investments in a fairly realistic setting. As a case study, we consider a potential investment in either of two different gas-fired power stations that differ in their efficiency levels. In particular, we derive the total return to an increase of a percentage point in the thermal efficiency as a function of the plant's production factor or availability rate.


Jose Manuel Chamorro:
Universidad del Pais Vasco (UPV -EHU) / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV -EHU)

Luis Mª Abadie: BBK

* El seminario se realizará en inglés. / Mintegia ingelesez burutuko da.


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