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Anil Markandya

Anil Markandya Climate Change is very different from other challenges we have faced as a Planet. In spite of the great effort that we have made in the last 20 years, we still have many gaps in our knowledge.

From BC3, The Basque Climate Change Research Centre, we aim to address a multidisciplinar excellent researching activity in order to have a better understanding of the real problem

  • Position:
    Scientific Director
  • Main Research Field:
    Environmental economics and resources, Climate Change.
  • Contact information:
    Email address: anil.markandya@bc3research.org
    Contact phone: +34 94-401 46 90 ext. 117
  • Research ID (WOK): Anil Markandya RID
  • Google Scholar: Anil Markandya Scholar
  • Download CV:  Prof. Anil_Markandya_CV 

Short CV

Professor Markandya is a resource economist who has worked in this field for over thirty years and is acknowledged as one of the leading authorities.

He graduated from the London School of Economics with a Master of Science in Econometrics in 1968 and was awarded his Ph.D. on the Economics of the Environment in 1975.

Since then he has divided his time between academic and advisory work. On the academic side he has published widely in the areas of climate change, environmental valuation, environmental policy, energy and environment, green accounting, macroeconomics and trade. Some of his best-known works include, ´Blueprint for a Green Economy’, ´Green Accounting in Europe’, ´Reconciling Trade and Development’ and ´Cleaning the Ganges’.

He has held academic positions at the universities of Princeton, Berkeley and Harvard in the US and at University College London and Bath University in the UK.

He was a lead author for Chapters of the 3rd and 4th IPCC Assessment Reports on Climate Change.

He was appointed the Executive Director for the Basque Centre for Climate Change in April 2008.

Professor Markandya has worked extensively on climate change and energy and environment issues and has received a number of awards.

He was one of the core team that drafted the IPCC 4th Assessment that was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.

Recently he was author of a paper on climate regulation that was awarded 2nd Prize at the World Energy Council in Rome in November 2007.

In 2008 he was nominated by Cambridge University as one of the 50 most influential thinkers on sustainability in the world.

In 2012 he was made President Elect of the European Association of Environmental & Resource Economists (EAERE), his two year term as President beginning January 2014.

Professor Markandya has also been an advisor to many national and international organizations, including all the international development banks, UNDP, the EU and the governments of India and the UK. At the World Bank he was a Lead Advisor and worked closely on energy and environmental issues with many governments in Asia, Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union.

Journal Articles

  • 2015
  • Green, R., Milner, J., Haines, A., Chalabi, Z., Markandya, A., Spadaro, J., and Wilkinson, P. 2015. The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK through healthy and realistic dietary change. CLIMATIC CHANGE. 1-13. DOI (10.1007/s10584-015-1329-y).
  • Longo, A., Hoyos, D. and Markandya, A. 2015. Sequence effects in the valuation of multiple environmental programs using the contingent valuation method. LAND ECONOMICS. 91. (1) 20-35.
  • 2014
  • Altemeyer-Bartscher, Martin; Anil Markandya and Dirk Rübbelke. 2014. International Side-Payments to Improve Global Public Good Provision When Transfers Are Refinanced Through a Tax on Local and Global Externalities. International Economic Journal. 28. (1) 71 - 93. DOI (10.1080/10168737.2012.759986).
  • Green, R., Milner, J., Dangour, A.D., Haines, A., Chalabi, Z., Markandya, A., Spadaro, J.V. and P. Wilkinson . 2014. Health Implications of Adopting Nutritious, Low-Carbon Diets in the U.K. FASEB JOURNAL. 28. (1 Supplement) 255.3. DOI (0.1096/fj.1530-6860).
  • Markandya, A., González-Eguino, M., Criqui, P., Mima. S. 2014. Low climate stabilisation under diverse growth and convergence scenarios. Energy Policy. DOI (10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.046).
  • Markandya. A. 2014. Environment and Development Economics: Past, Present and Future Challenges. ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS. 19. (Special Issue 03) 328-329. DOI (10.1017/S1355770X14000333).
  • Remais JV, Hess JJ, Ebi KL, Markandya A, Balbus JM, Wilkinson P, Haines A, Chalabi Z. 2014. Estimating the health effects of greenhouse gas mitigation strategies: addressing parametric, model and valuation challenges. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES. 122. 447-455. DOI (10.1289/ehp.1306744).
  • 2013
  • Chiabai, A; Galarraga, I; Markandya, A; Pascual, U. 2013. The Equivalency Principle for Discounting the Value of Natural Assets: An Application to an Investment Project in the Basque Coast. Environmental & Resource Economics. 56. (4) 535 - 550. DOI (10.1007/s10640-012-9589-8).
  • Heres, D.R.; Ortiz, R.A.; Markandya, A. 2013. Deforestation in private lands in Brazil and policy implications for REDD programs: an empirical assessment of land use changes within farms using an econometric model. International Forestry Review. 15. (2) 169 - 181. DOI (10.1505/146554813806948468).
  • Markandya, A., González-Eguino, M., Escapa . 2013. From shadow to Green: linking environmental fiscal reforms and the informal economy. Energy Economics. 40,Supplement 1. 108 - 118. DOI (10.1016/j.eneco.2013.09.014).
  • Mundaca, L; Markandya, A; Norgaard, J. 2013. Walking away from a low-carbon economy? Recent and historical trends using a regional decomposition analysis. Energy Policy. 61. 1471 - 1480. DOI (10.1016/j.enpol.2013.04.083).
  • Refsgaard, JC; Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K; Drews, M; Halsnaes, K; Jeppesen, E; Madsen, H; Markandya, A; Olesen, JE; Porter, JR; Christensen, JH. 2013. The role of uncertainty in climate change adaptation strategies-A Danish water management example. Mitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global Change. 18. (3) 337 - 359. DOI (10.1007/s11027-012-9366-6).
  • 2012
  • Zheng, P.J., Yan, Z. and Markandya,A. 2012. Adaptation Approaches to Climate Change in China: An Operational Framework. Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales. 11. (1) 99 - 112.
  • Abdullah, S; Markandya, A. 2012. Rural electrification programmes in Kenya: Policy conclusions from a valuation study. ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. 16. (1) 103 - 110. DOI (10.1016/j.esd.2011.10.007).
  • Brander, LM; Brauer, I; Gerdes, H; Ghermandi, A; Kuik, O; Markandya, A; Navrud, S; Nunes, PALD; Schaafsma, M; Vos, H; Wagtendonk, A. 2012. Using Meta-Analysis and GIS for Value Transfer and Scaling Up: Valuing Climate Change Induced Losses of European Wetlands. ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE ECONOMICS. 52. (3) 395 - 413. DOI (10.1007/s10640-011-9535-1).
  • E. Sainz de Murieta, I. Galarraga and A. Markandya. 2012. Klima aldaketa sozioekonomiaren ikuspegitik. EKAIA. 25. (Ale Berezia) 197 - 235.
  • Grasso, M; Manera, M; Chiabai, A; Markandya, A. 2012. The Health Effects of Climate Change: A Survey of Recent Quantitative Research. International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health. 9. (5) 1523 - 1547. DOI (10.3390/ijerph9051523).
  • Longo, A; Hoyos, D; Markandya, A. 2012. Willingness to Pay for Ancillary Benefits of Climate Change Mitigation. Environmental & Resource Economics. 51. (1) 119 - 140. DOI (10.1007/s10640-011-9491-9).
  • Markandya, A and P. Nunes. 2012. Is the value of bioprospecting contracts too low?. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics. 26. (3) 85 - 102.
  • Markandya, A and P. Nunes. 2012. Editorial: Introduction to the Special Issue on the Socioeconomics and Management of Bioprospecting. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics. 26. (3) 1.
  • Markandya, A. 2012. Externalities from electricity generation and renewable energy. Methodology and application in Europe and Spain. Cuadernos Economicos de ICE. 83. 85 - 100.
  • Markandya, Anil and Dirk Rübbelke. 2012. Impure Public Technologies and Environmental Policy. Journal of Economic Studies. 39. (2) 128 - 143. DOI (10.1108/01443581211222626).
  • Martin-Ortega, J; Gonzalez-Eguino, M; Markandya, A. 2012. The costs of drought: the 2007/2008 case of Barcelona. Water Policy. 14. (3) 539 - 560. DOI (10.2166/wp.2011.121).
  • Ojea, E; Ruiz-Benito, P; Markandya, A; Zavala, MA. 2012. Wood provisioning in Mediterranean forests: A bottom-up spatial valuation approach. Forest Policy And Economics. 20. 78 - 88. DOI (10.1016/j.forpol.2012.03.003).
  • 2011
  • Bosetti, V; Lubowski, R; Golub, A; Markandya, A. 2011. Linking reduced deforestation and a global carbon market: implications for clean energy technology and policy flexibility. Environment And Development Economics. 16. 479 - 505. DOI (10.1017/S1355770X10000549).
  • Chiabai, A; Travisi, CM; Markandya, A; Ding, H; Nunes, PALD. 2011. Economic Assessment of Forest Ecosystem Services Losses: Cost of Policy Inaction. Environmental & Resource Economics. 50. (3) 405 - 445. DOI (10.1007/s10640-011-9478-6).
  • Galarraga I, Osés N, Markandya A, Chiabai A, Khatun K. 2011. Aportaciones desde la Economía de la Adaptación a la Toma de Decisiones sobre Cambio Climático: Un Ejemplo para la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco. Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales. 11. (1) 113 - 142.
  • Galarraga, I, González-Eguino, M and Markandya, A. 2011. Willingness to pay and price elasticities of demand for energy-efficient appliances: combining the hedonic approach and demand systems. Energy Economics. 33, Supplement 1. S66 - S74. DOI (10.1016/j.eneco.2011.07.028).
  • Galarraga, I, González-Eguino, M. and Markandya, A. 2011. De Cancún a Durban en un largo camino contra el cambio climático. Economistas. 29. (127) 61 - 54.
  • Galarraga, I; Gonzalez-Eguino, M; Markandya, A. 2011. The Role of Regional Governments in Climate Change Policy. Environmental Policy and Governance. 21. (3) 164 - 182. DOI (10.1002/eet.572).
  • Halsnaes, K; Markandya, A; Shukla, P. 2011. Introduction: Sustainable Development, Energy, and Climate Change. World Development. 39. (6) 983 - 986. DOI (10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.01.006).
  • Markandya, A. 2011. Equity and Distributional Implications of Climate Change. World Development. 39. (6) 1051 - 1060. DOI (10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.01.005).
  • Markandya, A; Ortiz, RA. 2011. Beyond Current Practices The Role of the External Costs of Carbon in Climate Decision Making. Journal Of Industrial Ecology. 15. (5) 666 - 668. DOI (10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00392.x).
  • Markandya.A ,Ponczek.V. and Yi.S. 2011. What are the Links between Aid Volatility and Growth. The Journal of Developing Areas. 44. (2) 41 - 68. DOI (10.1596/1813-9450-5201).
  • Ortiz, RA; Golub, A; Lugovoy, O; Markandya, A; Wang, J. 2011. DICER: A tool for analyzing climate policies. Energy Economics. 33. S41 - S49. DOI (10.1016/j.eneco.2011.07.025).
  • Traerup, SLM; Ortiz, RA; Markandya, A. 2011. The Costs of Climate Change: A Study of Cholera in Tanzania. International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health. 8. (12) 4386 - 4405. DOI (10.3390/ijerph8124386).
  • 2010
  • A.Markandya. 2010. Measuring Sustainability. Equilibri. 1. 42 - 48. DOI (10.1406/31913).
  • Anil Markandya and Malcolm Pemberton. 2010. Energy Security, Energy Modelling and Uncertainty. Energy Policy. 38. (4) 1609 - 1603. DOI (10.1016/j.enpol.2009.01.046).
  • Bigano, A; Cassinelli, M; Markandya, A; Sferra, F. 2010. The Role of Risk Aversion and Lay Risk in the Probabilistic Externality Assessment for Oil Tanker Routes to Europe. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy. 44. (1) 93 - 118.
  • Hintermann, B; Alberini, A; Markandya, A. 2010. Estimating the value of safety with labour market data: are the results trustworthy?. Applied Economics. 42. 1085 - 1100. DOI (10.1080/00036840802260940).
  • I. Galarraga and A. Markandya. 2010. The Road to Copenhagen-COP 15. Elhuyar Aldizkaria. 4.
  • 2009
  • Hoyos,D, González-Eguino, M. and Markandya, A. 2009. Concienciación pública y aceptabilidad de medidas para la reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero: el caso del País Vasco. Papeles De Economía Española. 21. (121) 68 - 78.
  • A. Markandya, A. Bastianin and C. Cattaneo. 2009. Are China and Europe Converging?. China Economist. July-August. 94 - 102.
  • A.Markandya and E. Ricci. 2009. Green Taxes on Aviation: The Case of Italy: The Proposal of the Green Taxation Matrix. Rivista di Politica Economica. 99. (7) 171 - 209.
  • A.Markandya, Elías Fereres, Juan Rojo y Félix Goñi. 2009. El cambio climático, a debate. cicNetwork. Ciencia y Tecnología. 5. 32 - 42.
  • G.Frey, M.Manera, A.Markandya and E.Scarpa. 2009. Econometric models for oil price forecasting : a critical survey ; food and energy prices (Focus). CESifo Forum. 10. (1) 29 - 44.
  • Haines, A; McMichael, AJ; Smith, KR; Roberts, I; Woodcock, J; Markandya, A; Armstrong, BG; Campbell-Lendrum, D; Dangour, AD; Davies, M; Bruce, N; Tonne, C; Barrett, M; Wilkinson, P. 2009. Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: overview and implications for policy makers. LANCET. 374. (9707) 2104 - 2114. DOI (10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61759-1).
  • Kiula, O and Markandya, A. 2009. Can transition economies implement a carbon tax and hope for a double dividend? The case of Estonia. Applied Economics Letters,(J). 16. (7) 705 - 709. DOI (10.1080/13504850701221816).
  • Markandya, A. 2009. Making Agricultural Systems More Environmentally Sustainable. Rivista Dell´ Associazione Rossi-Doria. 1. 6. DOI (10.3280/QU2009-001002).
  • Markandya, A. 2009. Can Climate Change be Reversed under Capitalism?. DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE. 40. (6) 1139 - 1152. DOI (10.1111/j.1467-7660.2009.01615.x).
  • Markandya, A; Armstrong, BG; Hales, S; Chiabai, A; Criqui, P; Mima, S; Tonne, C; Wilkinson, P. 2009. Health and Climate Change 3 Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: low-carbon electricity generation. LANCET. 374. (9706) 2006 - 2015. DOI (10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61715-3).
  • Markandya, A; Chiabai, A. 2009. Valuing Climate Change Impacts on Human Health: Empirical Evidence from the Literature. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 6. (2) 759 - 786. DOI (10.3390/ijerph6020759).
  • Markandya, A; Ortiz, RA; Mudgal, S; Tinetti, B. 2009. Analysis of tax incentives for energy-efficient durables in the EU. ENERGY POLICY. 37. (12) 5662 - 5674. DOI (10.1016/j.enpol.2009.08.031).
  • Ortiz, R.A., A. Markandya and A. Hunt. 2009. Willingness to Pay for Mortality Risk Reduction Associated with Air Pollution in Sao Paulo. Revista Brasileira de Economia. 63. (1) 01/03/2022. DOI (10.1590/S0034-71402009000100001).
  • 2008
  • A. Longo, A. Markandya and M. Petrucci. 2008. The internalization of externalities in the production of electricity: Willingness to pay for the attributes of a policy for renewable energy. Ecological Economics. 67. (1) 140 - 152. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.12.006).
  • A. Markandya. 2008. Il Mercato Del Carbonio: Overview Sui Principali Carbon Funds Esistenti E Sui Progetti Finanziati. ENEA, Energia, Ambiente e Innovazione. DOI (10.1016).
  • A.Markandya and A.Golub. 2008. Notes on environmental regulation and growth. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues. DOI (10.1016).
  • Markandya, A. 2008. Restraining the Golden Weed: Taxation and Regulation of Tobacco. FINANZARCHIV. 64. (4) 502 - 504.

Books and Specials

  • 2014
  • Markandya, A., Galarraga, I and Sainz de Murieta, E. (eds). 2014. Routledge Handbook on Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change. 1st ed. London. Routledge. 464. ISBN 978-0-415-63311-6.
  • 2013
  • L. Castellucci and A. Markandya (eds). 2013. --. Environmental taxes and Fiscal Reform (Central Issues in Contemporary Economic Theory and Policy). UK. Palgrave Macmillan. 280. ISBN 978-0-230-39239-7,.
  • 2012
  • A. Markandya and N. Dale. 2012. --. The Montreal Protocol and the Green Economy: Assessing the Economic Impact and Co-benefits of a Multilateral Agreement. 1st ed. France. United Nations Environment Programme. 77. ISBN 978-92-807-3200-9.
  • Markandya, A. and E. Barbier. 2012. A New Blueprint for a Green Economy. London. Routledge. 216. ISBN 978-1849713535.
  • 2011
  • Galarraga, I., Gonzalez-Eguino, Markandya, A. 2011. --. Handbook of Sustainable Energy. 1st ed. Cheltenham. Edward Elgard. 640. ISBN 9781849801157.
  • 2010
  • A.Markandya and Arabinda Mishra. 2010. --. Costing Adaptation: Preparing for Climate Change in India. New Delhi. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). 258. ISBN 9788179933886.
  • Markandya,A. 2010. --. The Social Costs of Electricity: Scenarios and Policy Implications. Uk. Edward Elgar Publisher. 308. ISBN 978-1-84844-350-1.
  • Markandya,A. 2010. The Economics of Sustainable Tourism. Routledge. Routledge. 208. ISBN 978-0415583855.
  • 2009
  • A.Golub and A.Markandya. 2009. Modeling Environment-Improving Technological Innovations under Uncertainty. London and New York. Routledge. 352. ISBN 415463769.

Book chapters

  • 2014
  • Markandya, A. . 2014. Chapter 17 : Economics of adaptation. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press. (http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg2/).
  • Markandya, A. and Pascual, M. 2014. The valuation of ecosystem services and their role in decision-making: constraints and ways forward. Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Cheltenham, UK. Edward Elgar. 278-301. ISBN 9781781951507. (http://www.elgaronline.com/view/9781781951507.00024.xml).
  • Markandya, A., Labandeira, X. and Ramos,A. 2014. Policy Instruments to Foster Energy Efficiency. Green Energy and Efficiency - An Economic Perspective. Springer, Heidelberg . Springer. 428. ISBN 978-3-319-03631-1. (http://www.springer.com/energy/policy,+economics,+management+%26+transport/book/978-3-319-03631-1).
  • Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fith Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2014. 2014 Summary for Policy Makers. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press. (http://ipcc-wg2.gov/AR5/images/uploads/WG2AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf).
  • Sainz de Murieta, E., Galarraga, I. and Markandya, A. . 2014. Introduction to the Economics of Adaptation. Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation. 1st ed. London. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415633116.
  • 2013
  • A. Markandya and A. Chiabai. 2013. Ecosystems and biodiversity. How Much have Global Problems Cost the World? A Scorecard from 1900 to 2050. 1st ed. Cambridge, UK. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107679337.
  • Abadie, L.M., Ortiz, R.A.,Galarraga, I.,Markandya A. 2013. Energy Efficiency Policy in the USA: The Impact of the Industrial Assessment Centres (IAC) Programme and State and Regional Climate Policy Actions. The Dynamics of Environmental and Economic Systems. Dordrecht, Netherlands. Springer Netherlands. 61-82. ISBN 978-94-007-5088-3.
  • Markandya A., González-Eguino M. Escapa M. 2013. Reforma fiscal ambiental y desempleo en España en presencia de un sector informal. Energía y Tributación Ambiental. Madrid. Marcial Pons. ISBN 9788415664284.
  • 2011
  • A.Markandya with several authors. 2011. Rewarding Benefits through Payments and Markets. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making. London. Routledge. 352. ISBN 978-1-84971-250-7.
  • Markandya A. and Galarraga I. 2011. Technologies for Adaptation: Perspectives and Practical Experiences. UNEP Riso centre. Technologies for Adaptation: An Economic Perspective. Roskilde, Denmark. UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate, and Sustainable Development. ISBN 978-87-550-3939-1.
  • 2010
  • A. Markandya and J. Mysiak. 2010. The Economic Costs of Droughts. Economics of drought and drought preparedness in a climate change context. CIHEAM, Zaragoza. CIHEAM / FAO / ICARDA / GDAR / CEIGRAM / MARM Options Méditerranéennes : Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; n. 95. 131-138. ISBN 2-85352-441-8.
  • A.Markandya. 2010. Involving Developing Countries in Global Climate Policies. Climate Change Policies: Global Challenges and Future Prospects . 0. Edward Elgar Publishing. 187-199. ISBN 978-1-84980-828-6.
  • 2009
  • A.Markandya. 2009. Climate Change: Alternative Perspectives. Global Crises, Global Solution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 0. 298-304. ISBN 9780521741224.
  • A.Markandya. 2009. 19-20 November 2007 Conference Proceedings, European Commission, Luxemburg. Beyond GDP: Measuring Progress, True Wealth and the Wellbeing of Nations. 0. Publications of the European Communities, 2009. 0. ISBN 978-92-79-09531-3.
  • A.Markandya, A. Sgobbi, A. Goria and C. Giuponi. 2009. A Pilot Study on Payment for Ecological and Environmental Services in Lashihai Nature Reserve, China. Payments for Environmental Services: Ecological Economics and Human Wellbeing. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. 110-141. ISBN 978-0-19-569874-9.

Other Publications

  • 2014
  • Markandya, A., Labandeira,X. and Ramos, A. 2014. Policy Instruments to Foster Energy Efficiency. Economics for Energy Working Papers. WP 01/2014. 1-23.
  • 2010
  • A.Markandya. 2010. Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union since the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Review of the Changes in the Environment and Natural Resources. FEEM Working Papers. 65-2010. 40.
  • Galarraga I., Chiabai A., Markandya A., Oses N., Khatun K., Damm B. . 2010. Insights on the economics of adaptation for decision making process in climate change policies: Inputs for K-Egokitzen Project. Basque Government. Adaptation to climate change.
  • Grasso M, Manera M, Chiabai A, Markandya A. 2010. The Health Effects of Climate Change: A Survey of Recent Quantitative Research. Working Paper IEFE . 27. 47.
  • 2009
  • A.Markandya and Suzette Pedroso-Galinato. 2009. Economic Modeling Of Income, Different Types Of Capital And Natural Disasters . World Bank . Policy Paper 4875. 33.
  • Chiabai A, Travisi C, Ding H, Markanya A, Nunes PALD. 2009. Economic Valuation of Forest Ecosystem Services: Methodology and Values. FEEM Working Papers. 12,09. 31.
  • 1996
  • A. Markandya. 1996. Ecolabelling: An Introduction and A Review. S. Zarilli, V. Jha and R. Vosennaar (eds.) Eco-labelling, Macmillian, London.
  • A. Markandya. 1996. External Costs of Electricity: Valuation of Health Impacts. Electricity, Health and the Environment: Comparative Assessment in Support of Decision-Making, pp 199-214, IAEA, Vienna.

BC3 Working Papers & Policy Briefings

Conference Proceedings

  • 2011
  • A. Markandya. 2011. Nuevos paradigmas determinantes para una empresa sostenible. FUNDACIÓ FÃ’RUM AMBIENTAL, Barcelona.
  • A. Markandya. 2011. Integrated Coastal Zone Maanagement and Climate Change. Split (Crotatia).
  • A. Markandya. 2011. Adaptation and Uncertainty. Copenhagen.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. The external costs of energy. ABENGOA, Universidad Complutense de Madrid / Sevilla.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Problems of Adaptation to Climate Change. Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring on the instruction of the Government of the Russian Federation / Moscow.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. IPCC WG11. Chapter 17 on the Economic of Adaptation.  Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / San Francisco.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. IPCC WG11.  Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / Japan.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Introducing climate variability and change into National ICZM Strategies. Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean / Istambul.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Integrative Biodiversity Research. Deutsche Forschunngsgemeinschaft / Berlin .
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Incorporating Climate Change into DFID Adaptation Programmes.  UK Departments of Environment and International Development.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Guidelines for preparation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plans. Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean / Split.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Challenges in the Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services.  VITO, RMA- UA, ECOBE / Brussels.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Carbon Market Modelling for Brazil. IPEA (Research Institute for Applied Economics / Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. Adapting the Basin to Climate Change. Government of Argentina and World Bank / Buenos Aires.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. 12th Global Conference on Environmental Taxation. GCET12 (http://www.iucauned-GCET12.es) / Madrid.
  • Anil Markandya. 2011. (1)What can economics contribute to the convention on biodiversity? (2) The Economic and Environmental Effects of Taxing Air Pollutants and CO2: A Study from the Czech Republic. European Association of Environmental and Resoure Economists (EAERE) / Rome.
  • 2010
  • -. 2010. Round table - Jornadas sobre Cambio Climático: Administración, Ciudadanía y Empresa. Vitoria.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists. Montreal, Canada.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. World Bank workshop on Adaptation Policies and Strategies. Delhi/Bhubaneswar.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Workshop on Integrated Assessment Models with Environmental Defense, USA. Bilbao.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Workshop on Cobenefits of Climate Change. London, UK. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. UNFCCC technical workshop on costs and benefits of adaptation options. Madrid, Spain.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. UNDP meeting on Socio-economic assessment of Climate Change Impacts. Bratislava, Slovak Republic.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Thinking Long term about Climate Change: A Dialogue between research and policy. New Delhi, India.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. The Economics of Adaptation to Drought in the Face of Climate Change. Istambul.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Sharing tasks towards a sustainable world. Donosti.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Russia in 2010: Sources of Stability and Change. Bath University, Bath, UK.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Mediterranean Climate Change Initiative Launch. Athens, Greece.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Market Opportunities from Forests as Carbon Sinks. Madrid, Spain.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. International Workshop on Climate Change Policies. Complutense, Institute of International Studies (ICEI). Madrid.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. International Advisory Board on Climate Change. Jeju, Korea.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Interactions between the economic and the environmental regulation of network industries. Brussels.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Global Climate Scenarios for Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy. Copenhagen, Danish Technical University.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. FORMAS BRG0310 Final Meeting to Evaluate Research on Environment and Agriculture. Sigtuna, Stockholm.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. First Annual Meeting 2010. Copenhagen, Denmark, Centre for Regional Change in the Earth System.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. FEEM 2010 International Summer School on Environmental & Resource Economics. Catania, Sicily.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Doing Climate Business: An Approach to Constructing a Climate Change Technology Investment Index for South Asia: Issues and Challenges. New Delhi, India.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. DG ENV/TEEB Research workshop: Literature review on the benefits & costs of conserving biodiversity & ecosystem services. Brussels, Belgium.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Conference on Developing an Integrative Methodology for coast,water and biodiversity management Partnership for the Mediterranean. Tirana, Albania.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Climate Change Policy for Catalunya. Àrea de Territori i Medi Ambient, Obra Social de CatalunyaCaixa, Barcelona.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Cambio Climático y Amenazas para la Salud. Madrid.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Brazilian Carbon Market Workshop. Bilbao, with CIRED (France) and IPEA and Centro Clima (Brazil).
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. Beyond Current Practices: The Role of the External Costs of Carbon in Climate Decision-Making. Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands.
  • Anil Markandya. 2010. A Global Problem with Socioeconomic implications: Introduction to Climate Change. Donosti.
  • Anil Markandya / Ibon Galarraga. 2010. International Workshop on Climate Change Policies. Madrid.
  • 2009
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Zero Carbon and Regional Development. Bristol.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Workshop on the Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Droughts (XEROCHORE). Venice-Italy.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Welcome Trust. London.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Value Transfer and Scaling Up. Copenhagen.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. UNFCCC meeting. Bonn-Germany.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. UNFCCC meeting. Bonn.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Torre Madariaga - BC3 - UEA - UDA Meeting. Busturia.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. The Valuation of the Costs of Climate Change and the Role of Migration in these Cost Estimates. Oxford-England.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. The role of economic rent and its valuation in the context of access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their utilization. Paris.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. The Economics of Ecosystems and Management of Biodiversity. Amsterdam.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Taller K-Egokitzen: Cambio Climatico y Adaptacion. Zamudio.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Side Events at Copenhagen Climate Meeting (COP15). Copehhagen-Denmark.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Should economic rent be charged for access to genetic resources and what is the justification for such a rent or against such a rent?. Paris-France.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Should economic rent be charged for access to genetic resources and what is the justification for such a rent or against such a rent?. Paris.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. SECURE:Measuring Energy Security. Milan.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Scoping Meeting of the 5th IPCC Assessment. Venice-Italy.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Scoping Meeting of the 5th IPCC Assessment. Venice.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Norwegian-Spanish Dialogue on Climate Change: Costs for Forest sector Methodology and preliminary findings. Bilbao.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. MODEDR workshop. Prague.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Mapping of Forest Biodiversity Values: A Plural Perspective. Amsterdam.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Low Carbon Regional Development. Zaragoza-Spain.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Low Carbon Regional Development. Zaragoza.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Jornada inaugural de la Estrategia para el Desarrollo Sostenible de Catalunya (EDSCAT). Barcelona.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. How useful have economists been to the cause of biodiversity conservation?. Venice.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. EXIOPOL Review Meeting. Brussels.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Estimating costs of adaptation to climate change in India. New Delhi-India.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Energy Security in Europe. Grenoble.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Energy efficiency, security of energy supply and environmental policy. Comparative EU assessment on EU27 and beyond. Rome.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Energy efficiency, security of energy supply and environmental policy. Comparative EU assessment on EU27. Rome-Italy.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Economics seminar: REDD in the Carbon Market. Washington.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Economic point of view of the global warming. Donosti.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Economic point of view of the global warming. San Sebastian.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. ECETOC TF meeting. Brussels.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Discussions on Climate Change. London.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Disasters and their Impacts on the Four Capitals. Milan-Italy.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Co-benefits of climate mitigation. London.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Climate Cost: Estimates of Damages. Venice.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Climate Change and Technological Innovations Under Uncertainty. Paris-France.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Climate Change and Technological Innovations Under Uncertainty. Paris.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Climate Change and Agriculture. Piacenza-Italy.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. CGE Modeling for Ecological tax Reforms. Prague.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Catalan Project, Barcelona meeting. Barcelona.
  • Anil Markandya. 2009. Analysis of Tax Incentives for Energy Efficient Durables in the EU. Zurich-Switzerland.
  • Anil Markandya with Suzette Pedroso-Galinato. 2009. Economic Modeling of Income, Different Types of Capital and Natural Disasters. Washington-USA.
  • 2008
  • A. Markandya. 2008. Rural Electrification and Rural Energy in China. Beijing, China, December 2008.
  • A. Markandya. 2008. Rural Development and its Energy, Environment and Climate Change Adaptation Policy. Beijing, China, September, 2008.
  • A. Markandya. 2008. Round Table on Policies to Promote REDD. FEEM, Italy, November 2008.
  • A. Markandya. 2008. New Technologies and Renewable Energy. St Malo, France, October, 2008.
  • A. Markandya and A. Chiabai. 2008. Assessment of the Likely Financial Costs Necessary for Health Protection from Climate Change. Madrid Spain, October, 2008.
  • A. Markandya and S. Galinato. 2008. Natural Disasters and the. World Bank, Washington DC.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. World Summit of Regions. Regions in action. Saint-Malo.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Workshop at the European Environment Agency. Copenhagen-Denmark.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Round Table at BioGune. Bilbao.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Presentation of BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change. Bilbao.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Presentation of a study on the costs of flooding in the Urola Basin,Basque Country. Zumaia.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Meeting with the China Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) to prepare a work plan with BC3. Beijing.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Meeting with FEEM/CMCC to discuss common projects with BC3. Venice.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Meeting to discuss climate issues in London. London.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Meeting to develop Integrated Assessment Models of Climate Change. Bilbao.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. International Workshop on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation. Milan.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Final Meeting of the CASES Project. Milan.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. European Environment Agency. Copenhagen.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. BC3 Christmas Conference. Bilbao.
  • Anil Markandya. 2008. Anil Markandya, director del Basque Centre for Climatic Change, ofrece una conferencia en la UPV/EHU. Leioa.
  • Ortiz, R.A.; H. Walton; T. Taylor; S. Arnold and A. Markandya. 2008. Accounting for externalities from land-use policies in SENSOR. Humbolt University, Berlin, Germany.
The opinions expressed at the information included in the personal web pages of the BC3 researchers, are responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3).

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