BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

Basque Centre for Climate Change

We integrate the environmental, socioeconomic and ethical dimensions of climate change.

We provide knowledge, tools, new methodologies that we lead towards action in a collaborative framework.

We produce multi and trans-disciplinary knowledge relevant to decision making towards sustainable development at international level.   

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To steer climate change science towards the co-production of new knowledge and the co-design of policy solutions together with other stakeholders through a solid and transdisciplinary approach, with the ultimate goal to achieve sustainable development.


BC3 mission is to strategically foster co-production of knowledge relevant to decision making by integrating environmental, socioeconomic, and ethical dimensions of climate change.

Overall Objectives

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BC3-Basque Centre for Climate Change seeks to address a highly-qualified team of researchers, launching calls for senior and junior positions in our Job Offers and offering research opportunities for young students through Internships.

Journal Articles

Abadie, L.M., Chamorro, J.M. 2019. Physical adequacy of a power generation system: The case of Spain in the long term. Energy. 637-652. DOI (10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.096 ).

Abadie, L.M., Chiabai, A., Neumann, M.B. 2019. Stochastic diffusion models to describe the evolution of annual heatwave statistics: A three-factor model with risk calculations. Science of the Total Environment. 646. 670-684. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.158).

Abadie, L.M., Goicoechea, N. 2019. Powering newly constructed vessels to comply with ECA regulations under fuel market prices uncertainty: Diesel or dual fuel engine?. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 67. 433-448. DOI (10.1016/j.trd.2018.12.012).

Albizua, A., Corbera, E., Pascual, U. 2019. Farmers’ vulnerability to global change in Navarre, Spain: large-scale irrigation as maladaptation. Regional Environmental Change. 19. 1147-1158. DOI (10.1007/s10113-019-01462-2).

Albizua, A., Corbera, E., Pascual, U. 2019. Large-scale Irrigation Impacts Socio-cultural Values: An Example from Rural Navarre, Spain. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS. 159. 354-361. DOI (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.12.017).

Aldana-Domínguez, Juanita; Palomo, Ignacio; Gutiérrez-Angonese, Jorgelina; Arnaiz-Schmitz, Cecilia; Montes, Carlos; Narvaez, Francisco. 2019. Assessing the effects of past and future land cover changes in ecosystem services, disservices and biodiversity: A case study in Barranquilla Metropolitan Area (BMA), Colombia. Ecosystem Services. DOI (10.1016/j.ecoser.2019.100915).

Arce, M.I., Mendoza-Lera, C., Almagro, M., Catalán, N., Romaní, A.M., Martí, E., Gómez, R., Bernal, S., Foulquier, A., Mutz, M., Marcé, R., Zoppini, A., Gionchetta, G., Weigelhofer, G., del Campo, R., Robinson, C.T., Gilmer, A., Rulik, M., Obrador, B., Sh. 2019. A conceptual framework for understanding the biogeochemistry of dry riverbeds through the lens of soil science. . Earth-Science Reviews. 188. 441–453. DOI (10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.12.001).

Arto, I., García-Muros, X., Cazcarro, I., González, M., Markandya, A., Hazra, S. 2019. The socioeconomic future of deltas in a changing environment. Science of The Total Environment. 648. 1284-1296. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.139).

Barbeta A., Jones S. P., Clavé L., Wingate L., Gimeno T. E., Frejaville B., Wohl S., Ogée J. 2019. (Forthcoming). Unexplained hydrogen isotope fractionation affects the identification and quantification of tree water sources in a riparian forest. Hydrological and Earth System Sciences Discussion. DOI (10.5194/hess-23-2129-2019).

Barbosa A, Martína B, Hermoso V, Juan Arévalo-Torres, Julian Barbière, Javier Martínez-LópezDomisch S, Langhans SD, Balbi S, Villa F, Delacámara G, Teixeira H, Nogueira AJA, Lillebø AI, Gil-Jiménez Y, McDonald H, Iglesias-Campos A. 2019. Cost-effective restoration and conservation planning in Green and Blue Infrastructure designs. A case study on the Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean: Andalusia (Spain) – Morocco. Science of the Total Environment. 652. 1463-1473. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.416).


Arto, I., Rueda-Cantuche, J.M., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. Román, M. V. and Kutlina-Dimitrova, Z. 2018. EU exports to the World: Effects on Income. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-79-93280-9.

Arto, I., Rueda-Cantuche, J.M., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. Román, M. V. and Kutlina-Dimitrova, Z. 2018. EU exports to the World: Effects on Employment. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-79-93284-7.

Huang, Y., Pascual, U. 2018. Aid effectiveness and Environmental Sustainability. 1st ed. Singapore. Springer Singapore. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8.

M. Mani, S. Bandyopadhyay, S. Chonabayashi, A. Markandya and T. Mosier. 2018. South Asia's Hotspots: The Impact of Temperature and Precipitation Changes on Living Standards. Washington DC, USA. The World Bank. ISBN 978-1-4648-1155-5.

Pascual, U., Chan, K., Gould, R. 2018. Sustainability Challenges: Relational Values Special Issue . Netherlands. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (Elsevier). ISBN 1877-3435.

Sérgio H. Faria, Sepp Kipfstuhl, Anja Lambrecht. 2018. The EPICA-DML Deep Ice Core. A Visual Record. Berlin. Springer, Berlin. ISBN 978-3-662-55306-0.

M.J. Sanz, J. de Vente, J.-L. Chotte, M. Bernoux, G. Kust, I. Ruiz, M. Almagro, J.-A. Alloza, R. Vallejo, V. Castillo, A. Hebel, and M. Akhtar-Schuster. 2017. Sustainable Land Management contribution to successful land-based climate change adaptation and mitigation. A Report of the Science-Policy Interface. Bonn, Germany. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). 178. ISBN 978-92-95110-96-0 .

Nunes, P., Markandya, A., Svensson, L. . 2017. Handbook on the Economics and Management of Sustainable Oceans. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781786430717.

Markandya, A., Galarraga, I. and Rübbelke, D. 2016. Climate Finance: Theory and Practice. Singapore. World Scientific Series on the Economics of Climate Change. 300. ISBN 978-981-4641-80-7.

Ravera, F., I. Iniesta-Arandia, B. Martín-López, U. Pascual, and P. Bose . 2016. Gender perspectives in resilience, vulnerability and adaptation to global environmental change. Special Issue AMBIO. Netherlands. Springer. ISBN 10.1007/s13280-016-0842-1.

Books chapters

Cazcarro I., Arto I. 2019. Water Footprint and Consumer Products. Environmental Water Footprints. Singapore. Springer. 55-84. ISBN 978-981-13-2507-6.

Markandya, A . and Gonzalez-Eguino, M. 2019. Integrated Assessment for Identifying Climate Finance Needs for Loss and Damage: A Critical Review . Loss and Damage from Climate Change. 1st ed. . Springer International Publishing. 343-362. ISBN 978-3-319-72026-5.

Avila-Calero, S.,Sorman, A.H. 2018. Transición Energética (Energías Renovables). Decrecimiento. Vocabulario para una nueva era. Edición ampliada para Latinoamérica. México. ICARIA. ISBN 978-84-9888-866-9.

Bosello F, Iglesias A, Termansen M, Jeuken A, De Cian E, Chiabai A, Garrote L . 2018. Economy wide impacts of climate mitigation and adaptation strategies across European regions. . Adapting to Climate Change in Europe 1st Edition. Exploring Sustainable Pathways - From Local Measures to Wider Policies. 1st ed. Amsterdam. Elsevier. 347. ISBN 9780128498873.

Bouwer L, Capriolo A, Chiabai A, Foudi S, Garrote L, Harmá?ková ZV, Iglesias A, Jeuken A, Olazabal M, Spadaro JV, Taylor T, Zandersen M . 2018. Upscaling the impacts of climate change in different sectors. Adapting to Climate Change in Europe 1st Edition. Exploring Sustainable Pathways - From Local Measures to Wider Policies. 1st ed. Amsterdam. Elsevier. 347. ISBN 978-0-12-849887-3.

F. Taheripour, T.W. Hertel, B. N. Gopalakrishnan, S. Sahin, A. Markandya and B. K. Mitra. 2018. Climate change and water scarcity: growing risks for agricultural based economies in South Asia. Routledge Handbook of Sustainable Development in Asia. London and New York. Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group. ISBN 978-1-138-18218-9 .

Gundimeda, H., Markandya, A. and Bassi, A. 2018. TEEB AgriFood methodology: an overview of evaluation and valuation methods and tools. TEEB for Agriculture & Food: Scientific and Economic Foundations. Geneva. UN Environment. ISBN 978-92-807-3702-8.

Huang, Y. and Pascual, U. . 2018. Introduction. Aid Effectiveness for Environmental Sustainability. Singapore. Palgrave MacMillan. 1-16. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8.

Huang, Y. and Pascual, U. . 2018. Conclusions. Aid Effectiveness for Environmental Sustainability . 1st ed. Singapore. Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8 .

Mannina, G., Cosenza, A., Neumann, M.B., Vanrolleghem, P.A. 2018. Global sensitivity analysis in wastewater treatment modelling. Advances in Wastewater Treatment. -. IWA Publishing . ISBN 9781780409702 .

Others publications

I. Arto, I. Cazcarro, A. Markandya, S. Hazra , R. N. Bhattacharya. , P. Osei-Wusu, K. Vincent. 2019. Climate change and the economic future of deltas in Africa and Asia.

Matthew McCartney, Sébastien Foudi, Lal Muthuwatta, Aditya Sood, Gijs Simons, Johannes Hunink, Kim Vercruysse and Christine Omuombo. 2019. Quantifying theA Services of Natural and Built Infrastructure in the Context of Climate Change: The Case of the Tana River Basin, Kenya. International Water Management Institute (IWMI). IWMI Research Report 174. 61. DOI (10.5337/2019.200).

Autoría del estudio base: BC3 (Gonzalez-Eguino, M.,Sampedro,J.,Galarraga,I.,Arto,I., Pizarro- Irizar,C., Sainz de Murueta,E., Sanz, M.J.). 2018. La transición energética del País Vasco hacia un modelo sostenible (http://www.ararteko.net/RecursosWeb/DOCUMENTOS/1/0_4620_3.pdf). Ararteko. Informe extraordinario de la institución del Ararteko al Parlamento Vasco, 2018.

del Prado, A. 2018. Addressing climate change mitigation potential in agriculture. Thünen Working Papers. 103. 3-7.

Directorate, E.S.P.A. 2018. Wellbeing: for whom and how? Ecosystems Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Policy and Practice Brief. March 2018.

Foudi Sébastien, Ibon Galarrga, Elena Lopez. 2018. Are energy efficient appliances important for service providers?.

Foudi Sébastien, Ibon Galarrga, Marimar Sola. 2018. Are energy efficient appliances important for households?.

Galán,E.,Sanchís,E., Estellés,F., Calvet, S.,del Prado, A. 2018. La adaptación del vacuno de leche al cambio climático. EUMEDIA (Mundo Ganadero) https://www.agronegocios.es/la-adaptacion-del-vacuno-de-leche-al-cambio-climatico/. Diciembre 2018.

J Curiel Yuste, Daniel García-Angulo, Cosmin Braga, Alicia Forner, Dulce-Yaahid Flores-Rentería, Omar Flores, Ana-Maria Heres, Any-Mary Petritan, Sara Sánchez-Moreno, Fernando Valladares, Ion-Catalin Petritan. 2018. Alterations of C allocation patterns associated with climate-change induced vegetation die-off: effect over soil pools, soil biodiversity and functions and controls of soil respiration. 20th EGU General Assembly, EGU2018, Proceedings from the conference held 4-13 April, 2018 in Vienna, Austria, p.4510.

Juan Jiménez, Juliane Filser, Sébastien Barot, Matty Berg, Maria JI Briones, Kevin Butt, Jorge Curiel-Yuste, Gaby Deckmyn, Xavier Domene, Jack Faber, Beat Frey, Aline Frossard, Jan Frouz, Tine Grebenc, Georg Guggenberger, Davorka Hackenberger, Maria Iamandei, Davey Jones, Monika Joschko, Paul H Krogh. 2018. ES1406 COST Action: Soil fauna: Key to Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Fertility. How far have we got?. Vol. 20, EGU2018-1843.

Working Papers

[2018-02] Climate Change and Armed Conflicts African Observatory (CACAO): a georeferenced map of Africa Federica Cappelli, Caterina Conigliani, Valeria Costantini, Keti Lelo, Anil Markandya, Elena Paglialunga and Giorgia Sforna

[2018-01] Consumer purchases of energy-efficient cars: behavioural implications for policy Ibon Galarraga, Josu Lucas and Steffen Kallbekken

[2017-04] Cost-effectiveness and incidence of alternative mechanisms for financing renewables Xaquin Garcia-Muros, Christoph Böhringer and Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino

[2017-03] Traveling for happiness, moving to adapt: An agent-based perspective on population mobility Stefano Balbi

[2017-02] Drivers of climate change opinion Itxaso Ruiz, Sérgio Henrique Faria and Marc B. Neumann

[2017-01] Towards successful adaptation: a checklist for the development of climate change adaptation plans Marta Olazabal, Ibon Galarraga, James Ford, Alexandra Lesnikowski and Elisa Sainz de Murieta

[2016-05] The geographic distribution of the economic impact of climate finance María Victoria Román, Iñaki Arto and Alberto Ansuategi

[2016-04] Beyond Ecosystem Services: A Food Security Perspective Stefano Balbi and Ferdinando Villa

[2016-03] The role of flexible biofuel policies in meeting biofuel mandates Anil Markandya, Kishore Dhavala and Alessandro Palma

[2016-02] Industrial and terrestrial carbon leakage under climate policy fragmentation Mikel González-Eguino, Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Iñaki Arto, Alberto Ansuategi and Anil Markandya

Policy Briefings

[PB 2018 – 02] Land use mitigation: Can it realistically contribute to fill the gap to achieve the 1.5 and 2 ºc goals? María J. Sanz

[PB 2018 – 01] Are we on the right track? This is what we found when re-viewing climate policies in 885 European cities Marta Olazabal, Oliver Heidrich and Diana Reckien

[PB 2017-02_Special Issue] COP23: Technical profile with relevant political support Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Ibon Galarraga and Maria Jose Sanz

[2017-04] Mecanismos para financiar la promoción de energías renovables. Impactos en los hogares y las industrias Joaquin Garcia-Muros y Mikel González-Eguino

[2017-03] The potential of behavioural change for achieving climate change mitigation targets in the European Union Dirk-Jan van de Ven, Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino and Iñaki Arto

[2017-01] How does modern irrigation influence farmers’ vulnerability to external stressors? The case of Itoiz-Canal de Navarra Amaia Albizua, Unai Pascual and Esteve Cobera

[2016-07] COP22 in Marrakech confirms worldwide commitment to fighting climate change Maria Victoria Román, Maria José Sanz Sanchez and Ibon Galarraga.

[2016-06] Engaging the Public with Science in the Basque Country: On scientists’ experiences and perspectives Maria Loroño and Ibon Galarraga

[2016-05] Climate Change in the Basque Country: Impact on Health and Adaptation measures Pablo Martínez-Juárez, Amaia de Ayala, Sonia Quiroga and Aline Chiabai.

[2016-04] Urban research at BC3: How climate change science can support urban policy making Marta Olazabal, Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Sébastien Foudi, Aline Chiabai, Ibon Galarraga, Stefano Balbi, Leif Vogel, Maria Victoria Román and Anil Markandya

Our Initiatives


Designed to disseminate and disclose rigorous information on climate change.

Science Education and Public Awareness

Raising awareness of Climate Change at Basque Country Scale

BC3 Initiatives in collaboration with external organizations

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