BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

Basque Centre for Climate Change

We integrate the environmental, socioeconomic and ethical dimensions of climate change.

We provide knowledge, tools, new methodologies that we lead towards action in a collaborative framework.

We produce multi and trans-disciplinary knowledge relevant to decision making towards sustainable development at international level.   

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To steer climate change science towards the co-production of new knowledge and the co-design of policy solutions together with other stakeholders through a solid and transdisciplinary approach, with the ultimate goal to achieve sustainable development.


BC3 mission is to strategically foster co-production of knowledge relevant to decision making by integrating environmental, socioeconomic, and ethical dimensions of climate change.

Overall Objectives

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BC3-Basque Centre for Climate Change seeks to address a highly-qualified team of researchers, launching calls for senior and junior positions in our Job Offers and offering research opportunities for young students through Internships.

Journal Articles

78. M. Lago, B. Boteler, J. Rouillard, K. Abhold, S.C. Jähnig, A. Iglesias-Campos, G. Delacámara, G.J. Piet, T. Hein, A.J.A. Nogueira, A.I. Lillebø, P. Strosser, L.A. Robinson, A. De Wever, T. O'Higgins, M. Schlüter, L. Török, P. Reichert, C. van Ham, F. . 2019. (Forthcoming). Introducing the H2020 AQUACROSS project: Knowledge, Assessment, and Management for AQUAtic Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services aCROSS EU policies. . SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.076).

Abadie, L.M., Chiabai, A., Neumann, M.B. 2019. Stochastic diffusion models to describe the evolution of annual heatwave statistics: A three-factor model with risk calculations. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.158).

Abadie, L.M., Goicoechea, N. 2019. Powering newly constructed vessels to comply with ECA regulations under fuel market prices uncertainty: Diesel or dual fuel engine?. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 433-448. 433-448. DOI (10.1016/j.trd.2018.12.012).

Alexandra Rodríguez, Jorge Durán, Ana Rey, Ioanna Boudouris, Fernando Valladares, Antonio Gallardo, Jorge Curiel Yuste. 2019. Interactive effects of forest die-off and drying-rewetting cycles on C and N mineralization. Geoderma. DOI (10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.003).

Ana I Lillebø, Heliana Teixeira, Mariana Morgado, Javier Martínez-López, Asya Marhubi, Gonzalo Delacámara, Pierre Strosser, António JA Nogueira. 2019. Ecosystem-based management planning across aquatic realms at the Ria de Aveiro Natura 2000 territory. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. DOI (j.scitotenv.2018.09.317).

Andrea Funk, Javier Martínez-López, Florian Borgwardt, Daniel Trauner, Kenneth J Bagstad, Stefano Balbi, Ainhoa Magrach, Ferdinando Villa, Thomas Hein. 2019. (Forthcoming). Identification of conservation and restoration priority areas in the Danube River based on the multi-functionality of river-floodplain systems. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.322).

Arto, I., García-Muros, X., Cazcarro, I., González, M., Markandya, A., Hazra, S. 2019. The socioeconomic future of deltas in a changing environment. Science of The Total Environment. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.139).

Barbosa A, Martína B, Hermoso V, Juan Arévalo-Torres, Julian Barbière, Javier Martínez-LópezDomisch S, Langhans SD, Balbi S, Villa F, Delacámara G, Teixeira H, Nogueira AJA, Lillebø AI, Gil-Jiménez Y, McDonald H, Iglesias-Campos A. 2019. Cost-effective restoration and conservation planning in Green and Blue Infrastructure designs. A case study on the Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean: Andalusia (Spain) – Morocco. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.416).

F. Santos-Martín, P. Zorrilla-Miras, I. Palomo, C. Montes, J. Benayas, J. Maes. 2019. Protecting nature is necessary but not sufficient for conserving ecosystem services: A comprehensive assessment along a gradient of land-use intensity in Spain. Ecosystem Services. DOI (10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.11.006).

Javier Martínez-López, Kenneth J Bagstad, Stefano Balbi, Ainhoa Magrach, Brian Voigt, Ioannis Athanasiadis, Marta Pascual, Simon Willcock, Ferdinando Villa. 2019. Towards globally customizable ecosystem service models. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.371).


Huang, Y., Pascual, U. 2018. Aid effectiveness and Environmental Sustainability. 1st ed. Singapore. Springer Singapore. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8.

Pascual, U., Chan, K., Gould, R. 2018. Sustainability Challenges: Relational Values Special Issue . Netherlands. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (Elsevier). ISBN 1877-3435.

Sérgio H. Faria, Sepp Kipfstuhl, Anja Lambrecht. 2018. The EPICA-DML Deep Ice Core. A Visual Record. Berlin. Springer, Berlin. ISBN 978-3-662-55306-0.

M.J. Sanz, J. de Vente, J.-L. Chotte, M. Bernoux, G. Kust, I. Ruiz, M. Almagro, J.-A. Alloza, R. Vallejo, V. Castillo, A. Hebel, and M. Akhtar-Schuster. 2017. Sustainable Land Management contribution to successful land-based climate change adaptation and mitigation. A Report of the Science-Policy Interface. Bonn, Germany. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). 178. ISBN 978-92-95110-96-0 .

Nunes, P., Markandya, A., Svensson, L. . 2017. Handbook on the Economics and Management of Sustainable Oceans. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781786430717.

Markandya, A., Galarraga, I. and Rübbelke, D. 2016. Climate Finance: Theory and Practice. Singapore. World Scientific Series on the Economics of Climate Change. 300. ISBN 978-981-4641-80-7.

Ravera, F., I. Iniesta-Arandia, B. Martín-López, U. Pascual, and P. Bose . 2016. Gender perspectives in resilience, vulnerability and adaptation to global environmental change. Special Issue AMBIO. Netherlands. Springer. ISBN 10.1007/s13280-016-0842-1.

Sanz, M.j. et all. 2016. Forestry for a low-carbon future.Integrating forest and Wood products in climate change strategies. Rome. FAO. 180. ISBN 978-92-5-109312-2.

Ansuategi, A., Delgado, J and Galarraga, I. . 2015. Green Energy and Efficiency. 1st ed. Switzerland. Springer. 428. ISBN 978-3-319-03631-1.

Arto, I., Kratena, K., Amores, A.F., Temurshoev, U., Streicher, G. 2015. Market-based instruments to reduce air emissions from household heating appliances. Analysis of scrappage policy scenarios. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies. ISBN 978-92-79-50850-9.

Books chapters

Huang, Y. and Pascual, U. . 2018. Introduction. Aid Effectiveness for Environmental Sustainability. Singapore. Palgrave MacMillan. 1-16. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8.

Huang, Y. and Pascual, U. . 2018. Conclusions. Aid Effectiveness for Environmental Sustainability . 1st ed. Singapore. Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8 .

Mannina, G., Cosenza, A., Neumann, M.B., Vanrolleghem, P.A. 2018. Global sensitivity analysis in wastewater treatment modelling. Advances in Wastewater Treatment. -. IWA Publishing . ISBN 9781780409702 .

Marta Olazabal, Lorenzo Chelleri, Ayyoob Sharifi. 2018. Is Connectivity a Desirable Property in Urban Resilience Assessments?. Resilience-Oriented Urban Planning. -. Springer. 195-211. ISBN 978-3-319-75797-1.

Martin, A., Coolsaet, B., Corbera, E., Dawson, N., Fisher, J., Franks, P., Mertze, O., Pascual, U., Rasmunssen, L., Ryan, C. 2018. Land use intensification: the promise of sustainability and the reality of trade-offs. Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation: Trade-offs and Governance. London. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-58083-1.

Merino-Pérez, L., Mwangi, E., Mace, G. M., Lehmann, I., Minang, P.A., Pascual, U., Redford, K.H., Reyes-García, V. 2018. Frameworks for Biodiversity and Forests. Rethinking Environmentalism. Linking Justice, Sustainability, and Diversity. . MIT Press. ISBN 9780262038966.

Pascual, U., Garmendia, E., Phelps, J., & Ojea, E. . 2018. Opportunities and Conditions for Successful Foreign Aid to the Forestry Sector. Aid Effectiveness for Environmental Sustainability. Singapore. Palgrave MacMillan. 257-305. ISBN 978-981-10-5378-8 .

Pascual, U., Howe, C. . 2018. Seeing the wood for the trees: exploring the evolution of frameworks of ecosystem services for human well-being. Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation: Trade-offs and Governance. London. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-58083-1.

Abadie, L.M., Sainz de Murieta, E., Galarraga, I., Markandya, A. 2017. (Forthcoming). Progressive adaptation strategies in European coastal cities: a response to flood-risk under uncertainty. Handbook on the Economics of Climate Change. Edward Elgar Press.

Anil Markandya, Valeria Costantini, Giorgia Sforna, Elena Paglialunga. 2017. Global and Regional Economic Damages from Climate Change. Oxford Encyclopaedia of Environmental Science. Oxford University Press.

Others publications

312. Mani, M. S. Bandyopadhyay, S. Chonabayashi, A. Markandya and T. Mosier . 2018. South Asia’s Hotspots: The Impact of Temperature and Precipitation on living Standards. World Bank. DOI (10.1596/978-1-4648-1155-5).

J Curiel Yuste, Daniel García-Angulo, Cosmin Braga, Alicia Forner, Dulce-Yaahid Flores-Rentería, Omar Flores, Ana-Maria Heres, Any-Mary Petritan, Sara Sánchez-Moreno, Fernando Valladares, Ion-Catalin Petritan. 2018. Alterations of C allocation patterns associated with climate-change induced vegetation die-off: effect over soil pools, soil biodiversity and functions and controls of soil respiration. 20th EGU General Assembly, EGU2018, Proceedings from the conference held 4-13 April, 2018 in Vienna, Austria, p.4510.

Juan Jiménez, Juliane Filser, Sébastien Barot, Matty Berg, Maria JI Briones, Kevin Butt, Jorge Curiel-Yuste, Gaby Deckmyn, Xavier Domene, Jack Faber, Beat Frey, Aline Frossard, Jan Frouz, Tine Grebenc, Georg Guggenberger, Davorka Hackenberger, Maria Iamandei, Davey Jones, Monika Joschko, Paul H Krogh. 2018. ES1406 COST Action: Soil fauna: Key to Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Fertility. How far have we got?. Vol. 20, EGU2018-1843.

Kenneth Byrne, Charles Driscoll, Gil Eshel, German Kust, Cristina Martínez-Garza, Jean Paul Metzger, Guy Midgley, David Moreno Mateos, Mongi Sghaier, San Thwin. 2018. IPBES Assessment report on Land Degradation and Restoration. IPBES. IPBES/6/INF/1/Rev.1.

M.J. Sanz . 2018. Will Land-Use Mitigation Contribute as Expected to Achievement of Paris Agreement Goals?. Land use: Its role in the carbon budget.

Federici, S., Grassi, G., Harris, N., Lee, D., Neeff, T., Penman, J., Sanz, M.J., and Wolosin, M. 2017. GHG Fluxes from Forests: An assessment of national GHG estimates and independent research in the context of the Paris Agreement.

A.Markandya. 2017. State of Knowledge on Climate Change, Water and Economics. Water Global Practice Discussion Paper,World Bank. 1. 33. DOI (https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/26491).

Antxon Olabe, Mikel González-Eguino, Teresa Ribera. 2017. Hacia un nuevo orden de la energía.

Jon Sampedro, Cristina Pizarro, Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino e Iñaki Arto. 2017. Health co-benefits associated with different transition pathways.

Lee, D. & Sanz, M.J. 2017. UNFCCC Accounting for Forests: What’s in and what’s out of NDCs and REDD+.

Working Papers

[2018-02] Climate Change and Armed Conflicts African Observatory (CACAO): a georeferenced map of Africa Federica Cappelli, Caterina Conigliani, Valeria Costantini, Keti Lelo, Anil Markandya, Elena Paglialunga and Giorgia Sforna

[2018-01] Consumer purchases of energy-efficient cars: behavioural implications for policy Ibon Galarraga, Josu Lucas and Steffen Kallbekken

[2017-04] Cost-effectiveness and incidence of alternative mechanisms for financing renewables Xaquin Garcia-Muros, Christoph Böhringer and Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino

[2017-03] Traveling for happiness, moving to adapt: An agent-based perspective on population mobility Stefano Balbi

[2017-02] Drivers of climate change opinion Itxaso Ruiz, Sérgio Henrique Faria and Marc B. Neumann

[2017-01] Towards successful adaptation: a checklist for the development of climate change adaptation plans Marta Olazabal, Ibon Galarraga, James Ford, Alexandra Lesnikowski and Elisa Sainz de Murieta

[2016-05] The geographic distribution of the economic impact of climate finance María Victoria Román, Iñaki Arto and Alberto Ansuategi

[2016-04] Beyond Ecosystem Services: A Food Security Perspective Stefano Balbi and Ferdinando Villa

[2016-03] The role of flexible biofuel policies in meeting biofuel mandates Anil Markandya, Kishore Dhavala and Alessandro Palma

[2016-02] Industrial and terrestrial carbon leakage under climate policy fragmentation Mikel González-Eguino, Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Iñaki Arto, Alberto Ansuategi and Anil Markandya

Policy Briefings

[PB 2018 – 02] Land use mitigation: Can it realistically contribute to fill the gap to achieve the 1.5 and 2 ºc goals? María J. Sanz

[PB 2018 – 01] Are we on the right track? This is what we found when re-viewing climate policies in 885 European cities Marta Olazabal, Oliver Heidrich and Diana Reckien

[PB 2017-02_Special Issue] COP23: Technical profile with relevant political support Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Ibon Galarraga and Maria Jose Sanz

[2017-04] Mecanismos para financiar la promoción de energías renovables. Impactos en los hogares y las industrias Joaquin Garcia-Muros y Mikel González-Eguino

[2017-03] The potential of behavioural change for achieving climate change mitigation targets in the European Union Dirk-Jan van de Ven, Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino and Iñaki Arto

[2017-01] How does modern irrigation influence farmers’ vulnerability to external stressors? The case of Itoiz-Canal de Navarra Amaia Albizua, Unai Pascual and Esteve Cobera

[2016-07] COP22 in Marrakech confirms worldwide commitment to fighting climate change Maria Victoria Román, Maria José Sanz Sanchez and Ibon Galarraga.

[2016-06] Engaging the Public with Science in the Basque Country: On scientists’ experiences and perspectives Maria Loroño and Ibon Galarraga

[2016-05] Climate Change in the Basque Country: Impact on Health and Adaptation measures Pablo Martínez-Juárez, Amaia de Ayala, Sonia Quiroga and Aline Chiabai.

[2016-04] Urban research at BC3: How climate change science can support urban policy making Marta Olazabal, Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Sébastien Foudi, Aline Chiabai, Ibon Galarraga, Stefano Balbi, Leif Vogel, Maria Victoria Román and Anil Markandya

Our Initiatives


Designed to disseminate and disclose rigorous information on climate change.

Science Education and Public Awareness

Raising awareness of Climate Change at Basque Country Scale

BC3 Initiatives in collaboration with external organizations

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