BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

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Green, R., Milner, J., Haines, A., Chalabi, Z., Markandya, A., Spadaro, J., and Wilkinson, P. 2015. The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK through healthy and realistic dietary change. CLIMATIC CHANGE. 1-13.

Pardo, G., Moral, R., Aguilera,E. and del Prado, A. 2014. Gaseous emissions from management of solid waste: A systematic review. Global Change Biology.

Friess, D., Phelps, J., Garmendia, E., Gómez Baggethun, E. 2015. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) in the face of external biophysical stressors. Global Environmental Change,. 30. 31-42.

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“Optimised animal specific barn climatisation facing temperature rise and increased climate variability”  - FACCE ERA-NET Plus Initiative Climate Smart Agriculture 


“DEltas, vulnerability and Climate Change; Migration as an Adaptation”  - CARIAA program

WISE-UP to Climate

“Water Infrastructure Solutions from Ecosystem Services Underpinning Climate Resilient Policies and Programmes”  - International Climate Initiative 2012 


PhD students at BC3. More information



"BC3, the world’s second most influential Think Tank in the field of climate change economics and policy".

BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, has been ranked second place in the Climate Think Tank Ranking of ICCG (International Center for Climate Change Governance),  ahead of 293 public and private organisations working in the field of climate change economics and policy.

BC3 confirms its leadership position in Europe and moves up to second place in the World Top Class ranking.

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Anil Markandya

BC3 offers research possibilities covering health and climate change, climate modelling, agricultural sector responses to climate, water issues related to climate and climate policy in developing countries.

We are also open to new areas of research when we appoint new researchers.”

Anil Markandya
(Scientific Director of BC3)

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The BC3 is a BERC, Basque Excellence Research Centre, based in the Basque Country which aims to contribute to long term research on the causes and consequences of climate change in order to foster the creation of knowledge in this multidisciplinary science.

The BC3 seeks to prepare a highly-qualified team of researchers with the primary objective of achieving excellence in research, training and dissemination.

  • Low Carbon
    This research line deals with one of the two themes of climate research – mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that are responsible for climate change. A major source of these gases is the production and consumption of energy and a great deal of effort is being devoted to understanding how to reduce emissions related to energy without hurting the economic and social wellbeing of people now and in the future.
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  • Climate and Natural Environment
    Climate change has complex impacts on human well-being. One key pathway is through its effects on natural capital (natural resources and ecosystems). BC3 is concerned with the scientific study of the interplay between climate change and the environment which ultimately affects human well-being. One of our crosscutting research lines is “Climate and the Natural Environment” (CNE). It addresses the interlinkages between climate change, natural capital (natural resources and ecosystems) and the benefits that derive from them in terms of human well-being.
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  • Health and Climate
    Climate change poses not only environmental and development issues, but it also represents a big threat to human health, and in the public mind this impact gives rise to the greatest concern. Health assessment in BC3 focuses on these threats, and analyses as well the social, economic and behavioral factors that influence vulnerability of people, communities and social systems. This social dimension is however not fully integrated in the decision policy yet, and BC3 research line on health attempts to contribute in filling this gap.
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  • Climate Policy
    The research line “Regional, National and International Climate Policy” focuses on the policy-side of climate research. Sound policy of course is based on the results of work done under the other research lines (energy, natural resources & ecosystem services and health), but also involves some further lines of investigation. This research line therefore will involve drawing out the policy implications of the research undertaken under the other lines as well as undertaking research on issues directly related to the formulation of policy.
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