BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

  1. Hasiera
  2. Pertsonak

Agustin del Prado

Agustin del Prado

  • Kargua:
    Ikerbasque Associate Researcher
    Ramon & Cajal Fellow
  • Ikerketa-lerro nagusia:
    Developing system-based modelling approaches to: (i) mitigate GHG emissions from land use and (ii) assess the impact of climate change and land use changes on services from agriculture.
  • BC3 Research Line:
    3. Research Line Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Harremanetarako xehetasunak:
    E-posta: agustin.delprado@bc3research.org
    Telefonoa: +34 94-401 46 90 ext. 113
  • Scopus Author ID: 6701755151
  • ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3895-4478
  • Download CV:  cvdelprado2024indexed 


  • He is currently participating in the following projects:                                                                                  
    1. -VacunClim. impactos climáticos y potenciales estrategias de mitigación para el sector vacuno en España analizados a través de un novedoso marco de modelización. PID2022-137631OB-I00. Proyectos de Generación de Conocimiento 2022. Investigación Orientada Tipo B
    2. -CircAgric-GHG Strategies for Circular Agriculture to reduce GHG emissions within and between farming systems across an agro-ecological gradient part of the ERA-net FACCE ERA-GAS, ICT-AGRI-FOOD, SusCrop and SusAn 
    3. -GRA-Flagship. Technical guidelines to develop feed additives to reduce enteric methane.   WP6 leader. Carbon accounting at different levels (farm or regional/national).  
    4. -FERTILAB. Closing cycles towards local sustainability in agriculture: production of nutrient enriched biofertilizers and organic amendments with biopesticide and biostimulant properties. 
    5. -DICES. Co-producing knowledge to sustain pastoral socio-environmental systems: System feedbacks, future scenarios, and adaptive responses.   Funded by US National Sci. foundation.
  • -IPCC Lead Author (AFOLU) for the 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
  • -Coordinator and promoter of the Spanish scientific network and association for studying the reduction of GHG in the agro-forestry sector: asociación-RED REMEDIA  (2012-2017).
  • -He is an Associate Editor for the international journals Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
  • -He is the Spanish representative in the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural GHG (Manure Management Network, livestock group ) and member of  the EU Focus group of EU-EIP AgriReducing emissions from cattle farming ” .
  • -He has participated in several projects related to climate change issues in the past, examples include:
    • -ISAGE. 2016-2020. Innovation for Sustainable Sheep and Goat Production in Europe. EU H2020  SFS-01c-2015 - Assessing sustainability of terrestrial livestock production  (WP3 leader) Funded by EU.
    • -RTA2015-00058-C06-05 Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. de la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono (PI-BC3). Funded by MINECO
    • -The DiverseForages Project. Subcontracted by Rothamsted Rs. Funded by SARIC UK. 
    • -Controlling Gaseous N Oxide Emissions from Grassland Farming Systems in Europe (COGANOG). (EU, FAIR).
    • -Ruminant nutrition regimes to reduce methane and nitrogen emissions (DEFRA AC0209 , UK).
    • -Implications of farm-scale methane mitigation measures for long-term national methane emissions (DEFRA CC0270 , UK).
    • -Assessing the impact of climate change on diffuse pollution at a range of scales (DEFRA WQ0106 , UK).
    • -Climate change impacts on the UK livestock sector (DEFRA AC0307 , UK).
    • -Structuring Infrastructures for the Analysis and Experimentation on Ecosystems (ANAEE). (EU, FP7). 
    • -ECOAGRIWASTE (as coordinator, Department of Education, Universities and Research of the Basque Country: 2010-2012). PI
    • -ENERKROP: Desarrollo y aplicación de modelos agronómicos para la evaluación ambiental y energética de la producción de biocombustibles en la CAPV. (Programa SAIOTEK (Industria, Innovación, Comercio y Turismo; Gobierno Vasco: 2013-2014). PI Download .
    • -NEREA-5 : Modelling gaseous N and C emissions using DNDC in order to obtain emission factors under different agricultural practices ( Spanish "Plan Nacional": 2013-2015) AGL2012-37815-C05-04. PI
    • -OPTIBARN. Optimized animal-specific barn climatization facing temperature rise and increased climate variability. EU ERANET +, EU FACCE JPI   (WP4 leader)
    • -DEFRA AC0122 Optimising the efficiency of dietary nitrogen use to reduce emissions and waste in dairy systems. DEFRA-UK. (whole-farm and national modelling
    • -MACSUR  Modelling European Agriculture with Climate Change for Food Security. EU FACCE JPI  (farm modelling)

A selection of SCI publications:

  • 2024

  • Balaine, L., C. Buckley, V. Baillet, X. Díaz de Otálora, F. Dragoni, A. Wilfart, B. Amon, A. del Prado, J. Fr?tczak-Müller, and D. Krol. 2024. Influence of methodological choices in farm sustainability assessments: A word of caution from a case study analysis of European dairy farms. Environmental Science & Policy 156:103745. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2024.103745.

  • Díaz de Otálora, X., B. Amon, L. Balaine, F. Dragoni, F. Estellés, G. Ragaglini, M. Kieronczyk, G.H.M. Jørgensen, and A. del Prado. 2024. Influence of farm diversity on nitrogen and greenhouse gas emission sources from key European dairy cattle systems: A step towards emission mitigation and nutrient circularity. Agricultural Systems 216:103902. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2024.103902.

  • Díaz de Otálora, X., A. del Prado, F. Dragoni, L. Balaine, G. Pardo, W. Winiwarter, A. Sandrucci, G. Ragaglini, T. Kabelitz, M. Kieronczyk, G. Jørgensen, F. Estellés, and B. Amon. 2024. Modelling the effect of context-specific greenhouse gas and nitrogen emission mitigation options in key European dairy farming systems. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 44:4. doi:10.1007/s13593-023-00940-6.

  • 2023

  • Del Prado A, Lindsay B, Tricarico J. Retrospective and projected warming-equivalent emissions from global livestock and cattle calculated with an alternative climate metric denoted GWP*. PLOS ONE. 2023;18: e0288341. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0288341

  • Serrano-Zulueta R, Pardo G, Pauné F, del Prado A, Manzano P. Herbivory baseline estimates in Spanish protected areas, and environmental implications. Landsc Ecol. 2023 [cited 26 Oct 2023]. doi:10.1007/s10980-023-01783-y

  • Ortenzi F, McAuliffe GA, Leroy F, Nordhagen S, van Vliet S, del Prado A, et al. Can we estimate the impact of small targeted dietary changes on human health and environmental sustainability? Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 2023;102: 107222. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2023.107222

  • Manzano P, del Prado A and Pardo G 2023. Comparable GHG emissions from animals in wildlife and livestock-dominated savannas. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-023-00349-8

  • Jebari A, Del Prado A, Pardo G and Álvaro-Fuentes J 2023. Climate change effects on northern Spanish grassland-based dairy livestock systems. Plant and Soil. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-023-05936-5 

  • Manzano P, Pardo G, Itani MA and del Prado A 2023. Underrated past herbivore densities could lead to misoriented sustainability policies. npj Biodiversity 2, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s44185-022-00005-z

  • Manzano P, Rowntree J, Thompson L, del Prado A, Ederer P, Windisch W and Lee MRF 2023. Challenges for the balanced attribution of livestock’s environmental impacts: the art of conveying simple messages around complex realities. Animal Frontiers 13, 35–44.https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfac096

  • Pardo G, Casas R, del Prado A and Manzano P 2023. Carbon footprint of transhumant sheep farms: accounting for natural baseline emissions in Mediterranean systems. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-023-02135-3

  • Del Prado A, Lynch J, Liu S, Ridoutt B, Pardo G and Mitloehner F 2023. Animal board invited review: Opportunities and challenges in using GWP* to report the impact of ruminant livestock on global temperature change. animal 17, 100790

  • Serrano-Zulueta R, Del Prado A and Manzano P 2023. Regenerative rangeland management farmers in Spain: enthusiastic among a great diversity in farming conditions. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 47, 810–833. https://doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2023.2195359


  • Diaz de Otálora X,  Dragoni F , Del Prado A , Estellés F , Wilfart A, Krol D , Balaine L, Anestis V , Amon B. (2022).  Identification of representative dairy cattle and fodder crop production typologies at regional scale in Europe Analysis of typologies and interactions of key integrated dairy-fodder crop production system in Europe. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13593-022-00830-3

  • Garmendia E, Aldezabal A, Galan E, Andonegi A, del Prado A, Gamboa G, Garcia O, Pardo G, Aldai N and Barron LJR 2022. Mountain sheep grazing systems provide multiple ecological, socio-economic, and food quality benefits. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 42, 47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-021-00751-7

  • Jebari A, Álvaro-Fuentes J, Pardo G, Batalla I, Martín JAR and Del Prado A 2022. Effect of dairy cattle production systems on sustaining soil organic carbon storage in grasslands of northern Spain. Regional Environmental Change 22, 67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-022-01927-x

  1. Pardo G, del Prado A, Fernández-Álvarez J, Yáñez-Ruiz DR and Belanche A 2022. Influence of precision livestock farming on the environmental performance of intensive dairy goat farms. Journal of Cleaner Production 351, 131518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131518

  2. Tedeschi LO, Abdalla AL, Álvarez C, Anuga SW, Arango J, Beauchemin KA, Becquet P, Berndt A, Burns R, De Camillis C, Chará J, Echazarreta JM, Hassouna M, Kenny D, Mathot M, Mauricio RM, McClelland SC, Niu M, Onyango AA, Parajuli R, Pereira LGR, del Prado A, Tieri MP, Uwizeye A and Kebreab E 2022. Quantification of methane emitted by ruminants: A review of methods. Journal of Animal Science, skac197.  https://academic.oup.com/jas/article/100/7/skac197/6601311?login=false


  1. Domínguez IP, Prado A del, Mittenzwei K... 2021. Different appreciations of methane's global warming potential may affect the cost-effectiveness of carbon pricing and low-meat diets.   Nature 2,  970-980. Food https://www.nature.com/articles/s43016-021-00385-8   

  2. Díaz de Otálora X, del Prado A, Dragoni F, Estellés F and Amon B 2021. Evaluating Three-Pillar Sustainability Modelling Approaches for Dairy Cattle Production Systems. Sustainability 13, 6332. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116332 

  3. Jebari A, Álvaro-Fuentes J, Pardo G, Almagro M and Prado A del 2021. Estimating soil organic carbon changes in managed temperate moist grasslands with RothC. PLOS ONE 16, e0256219. Download.

  4. Pardo G and del Prado A 2021. A simple model for the effect of thermal stress on the productivity of small ruminants. Livestock Science 251, 104649. Access

  5. Del Prado A del, Manzano P and Pardo G 2021. The role of the European small ruminant dairy sector in stabilising global temperatures: lessons from GWP* warming-equivalent emission metrics. Journal of Dairy Research 88, 8–15. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029921000157 


  1. Del Prado A., Galán E, Batalla I, Pardo G. 2020. Impactos y adaptación al cambio climático en rumiantes. ITEA. Invited review. 116-5 (461-482).  https://doi.org/10.12706/itea.2020.038

  2. Pardo, G., del, Prado, A. 2020. Guidelines for small ruminant production systems under climate emergency in Europe. Small Ruminant Research 193, 106261.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0921448820302108
  4. Sampedro J, Waldhoff ST, Van de Ven D-J, Pardo G, Van Dingenen R, Arto I, del Prado A. and Sanz MJ. . Future impacts of ozone driven damages on agricultural systems. Atmospheric Environment. 2020 Jun 15;231:117538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2020.117538


  1. Hempel S., Menz C., Pinto S., Galán E., Janke D., Estellés F., Müschner-Siemens T., Wang X., Heinicke J., Zhang G., Amon B., Prado A. del & Amon T. (2019) Heat stress risk in European dairy cattle husbandry under different climate change scenarios – uncertainties and potential impacts. Earth System Dynamics 10: 859–884

  2. Dellar M., Topp C., Pardo G., del Prado A., Fitton N., Holmes D., Banos G. & Wall E. (2019) Empirical and dynamic approaches for modelling the yield and N content of European grasslands. Environmental Modelling & Software 122: 104562.

  3. Kipling R. P., Topp C. F. E., Bannink A., Bartley D. J., Blanco-Penedo I., Cortignani R., del Prado A., Dono G., Faverdin P., Graux A.-I., Hutchings N. J., Lauwers L., Özkan Gülzari ?., Reidsma P., Rolinski S., Ruiz-Ramos M., Sandars D. L., Sándor R., Schönhart M., Seddaiu G., et al. (2019) To what extent is climate change adaptation a novel challenge for agricultural modellers? Environmental Modelling & Software 120: 104492.

  4. Ghahramani A., Howden S. M., del Prado A., Thomas D. T., Moore A. D., Ji B. & Ates S. (2019) Climate Change Impact, Adaptation, and Mitigation in Temperate Grazing Systems: A Review. Sustainability 11: 7224

  5. Sanchis E., Calvet S., Prado A. del & Estellés F. (2019) A meta-analysis of environmental factor effects on ammonia emissions from dairy cattle houses. Biosystems Engineering 178: 176–183 Download


  1. Galán E., Llonch P., Villagrá A., Levit H., Pinto S. & Prado A. del (2018) A systematic review of non-productivity-related animal-based indicators of heat stress resilience in dairy cattle. PLOS ONE 13: e0206520 Download

  2. Jebari, A., del Prado, A., Pardo, G., Rodríguez Martín, J.A., Álvaro-Fuentes, J., 2018. Modeling Regional Effects of Climate Change on Soil Organic Carbon in Spain. Journal of Environment Quality 0, 0. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2017.07.0294.   Download .


  1. Sanz-Cobena  A., Lassaletta L., Aguilera E. , del Prado A. , Garnier J. , Billen G. ,  Iglesias A.,  Sánchez,B. Guardia, G. Abalos,D.  Plaza-Bonilla, D., I. Puigdueta-Bartolomé, R. Moral, E. Galán, H. Arriaga, P. Merino, J. Infante-Amate, A. Meijide, G. Pardo, J. Álvaro-Fuentes, C. Gilsanz, D. Báez, J. Doltra, S. González-Ubierna, M.L. Cayuela, S. Menéndez, E. Díaz-Pinés, J. Le-Noë, M. Quemada, F. Estellés, S. Calvet, H.J.M. van Grinsven, H. Westhoek, M.J. Sanz, B.S. Gimeno, A. Vallejo, P. Smith, (2017). Strategies for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in Mediterranean agriculture: A review, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 238: 5-24. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.038). Download.

  2. Pardo, G., del Prado, A., Martínez-Mena, M., Bustamante, M. A., Martín, J. R., Álvaro-Fuentes, J., & Moral, R. (2017). Orchard and horticulture systems in Spanish Mediterranean coastal areas: Is there a real possibility to contribute to C sequestration?.  Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 238: 153-167. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.034 ). Download .

  3. Pardo G, Moral R and del Prado A. 2017. SIMSWASTE-AD - A modelling framework for the environmental assessment of agricultural waste management strategies: Anaerobic digestion. Science of The Total Environment, 574:806–817.  (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.096). Download.


  1. Pardo G. Martin-Garcia I., Arco A., Yañez-Ruiz D., Moral R and del Prado A. 2016. Greenhouse gas mitigation potential of including agro-industrial by-products in the diet of dairy goats in Spain: a life cycle perspective. Animal Production Science. 56(3) 646-654 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN15620 ). Download.

  2. Del Prado,A., Corré WJ, Gallejones. P., Pardo, G., Pinto M, del Hierro O. and Oenema O. 2016. NUTGRANJA 2.0: a simple mass balance model to explore the effects of different management strategies on nitrogen and greenhouse gases losses and soil phosphorus changes in dairy farms. Mitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global Change. 21(7), 1145–1164   DOI (10.1007/s11027-014-9598-8 ). Download

  3. Alvaro-Fuentes J.  del Prado,A and Yañez-Ruiz D.  2016. Greenhouse gas mitigation in the agricultural sector in Spain. Mitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global Change. 21(7), 969–973 DOI (10.1007/s11027-014-9596-x ). Download

  4. Gallejones, P. , Aizpurua A. , Ortuzar-Iragorri,M.A. and del Prado,A. 2016. Development of a new model for the simulation of N2O emissions: a case-study on wheat cropping systems under humid Mediterranean climate. Mitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global Change. 21(7), 1107–1130 DOI (10.1007/s11027-014-9563-6). Download

  5. Galán, E., Sanchis, E., Estellés, F., Calvet, S. and  del Prado,A . 2016. Heat stress effects in milk yield and milk traits at farm scale. Advances in Animal Biosciences, 7(3), 238–239. DOI (10.1017/S2040470016000261p)   (Extended Abstract). Download

  6. Mas, K., Pardo, G., Galán, E. and del Prado,A . 2016. Assessing dairy farm sustainability using whole-farm modelling and life cycle analysis. Advances in Animal Biosciences, 7(3), 259–260. DOI (10.1017/S2040470016000340)  (Extended Abstract). Download .

  7. Hempel, S., Janke, D., König, M., Menz, C., Englisch, A., Pinto, S., Sibony, V., Halachmi, I., Rong, L., Zong, C., Zhang, G., Sanchis, E., Estelle, F., Calvet, S., Galan, E., del Prado, A., Ammon, C., Amon, B. and Amon, T. 2016. Integrated modelling to assess optimisation potentials for cattle housing climate. Advances in Animal Biosciences, 7(3), 261–262. DOI (10.1017/S2040470016000352)  (Extended Abstract). Download .


  1. Pardo G, Moral R, Aguilera E, del  Prado A. 2015. Gaseous emissions from management of solid waste: A systematic review. Global Change Biology. 21, 1313-1327. (DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12806).Download  

  2. Balbi, S., Del Prado, A., Gallejones, P., Geevan, C.P., Pardo, G., Pérez-Miñana, E., Manrique, R., Hernandez-Santiago, C., Villa, F., 2015. Modeling trade-offs among ecosystem services in agricultural production systems. Environmental Modelling & Software. 72: 314–326 (doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.12.017 ). Download

  3. Yeluripati, J.B, Del Prado, A., Rees R.M., Li, C., Chadwick, D., Tilston, E.L., Topp,C.F.E., Cardenas, L., Sanz-Cobena, A.,  Ingraham  P., Gilhespy, S.L., Anthony, S., Vetter, S.H., Misselbrook, T., Salas, W. and Smith, P. 2015. Global Research Alliance Modelling Platform (GRAMP): An open web platform for modelling greenhouse gas emissions from agro-ecosystems. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 111: 112–120  (doi:10.1016/j.compag.2014.11.016 ). Download   

  4. Gallejones P., Pardo G., Aizpurua A., del Prado A. 2015. Life cycle assessment of first-generation biofuels using a nitrogen crop model. Science of the Total Environment.1, 1191–1201.(doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.10.061 ). Download .

  5. Pardo G , D Yañez-Ruiz, I Martin-Garcia, A Arco, R Moral and del Prado,A . 2015. Modelling the impact on GHG emissions of using underutilized feed resources in dairy goat systems. Advances in Animal Biosciences, 6:1, pp 38–40  (Extended Abstract). 


  1. Sanz-Cobena, A., Lassaletta, L., Estellés, F., Del Prado, A., Guardia, G., Abalos, D., Aguilera, E., Pardo, G., Vallejo, A., Sutton, M.A., Garnier, J., and Billen, G. 2014. Yield-scaled mitigation of ammonia emission from N fertilization: the Spanish case. Environmental research letters. 9, 125005. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/12/125005 Download. 

  2. Gilhespy, S.L., Anthony, S., Cardenas, L., Chadwick, D., del Prado, A., Li, C., Misselbrook, T., Rees, R.M., Salas, W., Sanz-Cobena, A., Smith, P., Tilston, E.L., Topp, C.F.E., Vetter, S., Yeluripati, J.B., 2014. First 20 years of DNDC (DeNitrification DeComposition): Model evolution. Ecological Modelling 292, 51–62. (doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.09.004 ).Download.

  3. Oenema, O., Ju, X., de Klein, C., Alfaro, M., del Prado, A., Lesschen, J. P., Zheng X., Velthof G., Ma L., Gao B., Kroeze C. and Suttom M. 2014. Reducing nitrous oxide emissions from the global food system. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 9, 55-64. DOI (10.1016/j.cosust.2014.08.003). Download


  1. Del Prado A, Mas K, Pardo G., Gallejones. P. 2013. Modelling the interactions between C and N farm balances and GHG emissions from confinement dairy farms in northern Spain. Science of The Total Environment. 465, 156-165. Online: Download

  2. Del Prado A., Crosson P., Olesen J.E. and Rotz A. 2013. Whole-farm models to quantify greenhouse gas emissions and their potential use for linking climate change mitigation and adaptation in temperate grassland ruminant-based farming systems. Animal. 7 (suppl.2), 373-385. Online: Download   

  3. Petersen S.O Blanchard M, Chadwick D, del Prado A, Edouard N, Mosquera-Losada J and Sommer S.G. 2013. Manure management for GHG mitigation. Animal. 7 (suppl.2), 266-282. Online: Download    

  4. Misselbrook T., Del Prado A., Chadwick D. 2013. Opportunities for reducing environmental emissions from forage-based dairy farms. Agriculture and Food Science. 22: 93–107. Online: Download  


  1. Gallejones, P; Castellon, A; del Prado, A; Unamunzaga, O; Aizpurua, A. 2012. Nitrogen and sulphur fertilization effect on leaching losses, nutrient balance and plant quality in a wheat-rapeseed rotation under a humid Mediterranean climate. Nutrient Cycling In Agroecosystems. 93. (3) 337 - 355. Download  


  1. Del Prado A., Misselbrook T, Chadwick D, Hopkins A, Dewhurst R.J., Davison P., Butler A., Schröder J., and Scholefield D. 2011. SIMSDAIRY: A modelling framework to identify sustainable dairy farms in the UK. Framework description and test for organic systems and N fertiliser optimisation. Science of the Total Environment 409 (19): 3993-4009. Online: Download  

  2. Cardenas L.M., Cuttle S.P., Crabtree B., Hopkins A., Shepherd A. Scholefield D. and del Prado A. 2011. Cost effectiveness of nitrate leaching mitigation measures for grassland livestock systems at locations in England and Wales. Science of the Total Environment. 409 (3-4): 1104-1115. Online: Download


  1. Del Prado A., Chadwick D., Cardenas L., Misselbrook T., Scholefield D. and Merino P. 2010. Exploring systems responses to mitigation of GHG in UK dairy farms. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 136 (3-4): 318-332. Online: Download


  1. Del Prado A., Chadwick D. and Scholefield D. 2009. Simulating the effect on GHG emissions after implementing a trajectory towards sustainability of a dairy farm.41st Meeting of the Agricultural Research Modeller’s Group. Royal Society, London (UK). Journal of Agricultural Science. 147: 739. Online: Download  


  1. Del Prado, A. and Scholefield, D. 2008. Use of SIMSDAIRY modelling framework system to compare the scope on the sustainability of a dairy farm of animal and plant genetic-based improvements with management-based changes. Journal of Agricultural Science 146: 1-17. Online: Download


  1. Schils R.L.M., Olesen J.E., del Prado A. and Soussana J.F. 2007. A farm level approach for mitigating GHG emissions from ruminant livestock systems. Livestock Science. 112: 240-251. Online: Download

  2. Hopkins A. and del Prado A. 2007. Implications of climate change for grassland management: impacts, adaptations and mitigation options: a review. Grass and Forage Science 62 (2): 118-126. Online: Download

  3. Mills J.A.N., Dragosits U., del Prado A., Crompton L.A., Newbold J. and Chadwick D. 2007. The implications of farm-scale methane mitigation measures for long-term national methane emissions . 39th Meeting of the Agricultural Research Modeller’s Group. Royal Society, London (UK). Journal of Agricultural Science. 145: 648-649. Online: Download


  1. Del Prado A., Brown L., Schulte R., Ryan M. and Scholefield D. 2006. Principles of development of a mass balance N cycle model for temperate grasslands: an Irish case study. Nutrient cycling in Agroecosystems 74: 115-131.Online: Download

  2. Del Prado A., Merino P., Estavillo J.M., Pinto M. and González-Murua C. 2006. Nitrous and nitric oxide emissions from different N sources and under a range of soil water contents. Nutrient cycling in Agroecosystems 74: 229-243. Online: Download

  3. Del Prado A.,Scholefield D., Chadwick D, Misselbrook T,  Haygarth P, Hopkins A, Dewhurst R.J., Davison P., Lord E, Turner M., Aikman P and Schröder J.2006. A modelling framework to identify new integrated dairy production systems. Grassland Science in Europe 11, 766-768 Online: Download

  4. Del Prado A and Scholefield D. 2006. Use of SIMSDAIRY modelling framework system to specify sustainable UK dairy farms. Aspects of Applied Biology 80: 73-80. 


  1. Brown L., Scholefield D., Jewkes E.C., Lockyer D.R. and del Prado A. 2005. NGAUGE: a decision support system to optimise N fertilisation of British grassland for economic and/or environmental goals. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 109: 20-39. Online: Download

  2. Scholefield D., Jarvis S.C., Brown L., del Prado A., Hopkins A. and Cardenas L. 2005. Feed back and Feed-Forward Interactions between Climate Change and Grassland-Based Agriculture. Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Stabilisation of Greenhouse Gases, Met Office, Exeter, UK, 1-3 February 2005. Online: Download


  1. Theobald M.R., Dragosits U., Place C.J., Smith J.U., Brown L., Scholefield D., del Prado A., Webb J., Whitehead P.G., Angus A., Hodge I.D., Fowler D. and Sutton M.A. 2004. Modelling nitrogen fluxes at the landscape scale. Water Air and Soil Pollution: Focus. 4: 135-142. Online: Download

  2. Pinto M., Merino P., del Prado A., Yamulki S.S., Wrage N., Pietrzak S. and Oenema, O. 2004. Increased emissions of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide following tillage of a perennial pasture. Nutrient cycling in Agroecosystems 70: 13-22. Online: Download

  3. Wrage N., Lauf J., del Prado A., Pinto M., Pietrzak S., Yamulki S., Oenema O. and Gebauerd G. 2004. Distinguishing sources of N2O in European grasslands by stable isotope analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 18 (11): 1201-1207. Online: Download

  4. Del Prado A., Brown, L. and Scholefield, D. 2004. Use of the NGAUGE DSS for analysis of options for compliance with NVZ legislation on UK dairy farms. 36th Meeting of the Agricultural Research Modeller’s Group. Royal Society, London (UK). Journal of Agricultural Science 142: 246-247. Online: Download


  1. Macadam X.M.B., del Prado A., Merino P., Estavillo J.M., Pinto M. and Gonzalez-Murua C. 2003. Dicyandiamide and 3,4-dimethyl pyrazole phosphate decrease N2O emissions from grassland but dicyandiamide produces deleterious effects in clover. Journal of Plant Physiology 160 (12): 1517-1523. Online: Download



          Policy-oriented documents

  1.  FAO. 2023. Methane Emissions in Agriculture - sources, quantification, mitigation and metrics. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy. https://www.fao.org/3/cc7607en/cc7607en.pdfISBN: 978-92-5-138148-9

  2. Gavrilova O., Leip A., Dong H., MacDonald D.J, Gomez-Bravo C.A., Amon B., Barahona-Rosales R., Del Prado A., De Lima M. A., Oyhantcabal W., Van der Werden T and Widiawati Y.  2019. Emissions from livestock and manure management . 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse gas Inventories. IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, pp. 10.1–10.225. https://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2019rf/pdf/4_Volume4/19R_V4_Ch10_Livestock.pdf 

  3. Hergoualc’h, K., Akiyama, H., Bernoux, M., Chirinda, N., del Prado, A., Kasimir, Å., MacDon-ald, D., Ogle, S.M., Regina, K., and Van der Werden T. 2019.N2O emissions from managed soils, and CO2 emissions from lime and urea application.  2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse gas Inventories. IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, pp. 11.1–11.48. https://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2019rf/pdf/4_Volume4/19R_V4_Ch11_Soils_N2O_CO2.pdf

  4. Del Prado A. , Baucells J. Casasús I. and Fondevila M. 2019. Bovino: Bases zootécnicas para el cálculo del balance alimentario de nitrógeno y de fósforo. Publisher: Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. MAdrid, 906 págs. ISBN: NIPO: 003-19-237-4 (papel) NIPO: 003-19238-X (línea) Depósito Legal: M-37409-2019 https://bit.ly/2B3ADtd

  5. Del Prado A. and Sanz MJ. 2016. Implicaciones del Acuerdo de París en los sectores relacionados con los usos de la tierra, cambios de uso de la tierra y la silvicultura. Ambienta: La revista del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente 114, 84-95. Download

  6. Sanz-Cobena, A., Lassaletta, L., Estellés, F., Del Prado, A., Guardia, G., Abalos, D., Aguilera, E., Pardo, G., Vallejo, A., Sutton, M.A., Garnier, J., and Billen, G. 2015. Agricultural ammonia emissions could be reduced without affecting crop yield. Science for Environment Policy. Issue 414. (21-5-2015). Download

  7. Del Prado A. Gallejones P and Pardo G. 2015. Under what conditions is the bioethanol and biodiesel produced entirely in the Basque Country sustainable? BC3 Policy Briefings. Download (EN) Download (ES) VIDEO

  8. Pérez-Miñana E, del Prado A., Gallejones P., Pardo G., BAlbi S. and Villa F. 2015. Modelling ecosystem services trade-offs in agricultural systems BC3 Policy Briefings. Download (EN) Download (ES) VIDEO

  9. UNEP 2013. Drawing down N2O to protect Climate and the Ozone layer. A UNEP synthesis report. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nairobi, Kenya Download

  10. Lassaletta L. and del Prado A.  2013 Effects of international trade of food and feed and human diet shifts on food security and environmental safety: integrating scales. BC3 Policy Briefings. (EN) Download (ES)

  11. Cardenas L.M., Cuttle S.P.,Crabtree B., Hopkins A., Shepherd A. Scholefield D. and del Prado A. 2011. Land management changes required to tackle nitrate pollution. Science for Environment Policy. Issue 236. (8-4-2011). Online:Download

            Technical reports

  1. Kipling, R.P., Eory, V., Hutchings, N., Bartley, D.J., Prado, A.D., Graux, A.-I., Blanco-Penedo, I., Özkan, ?., Faverdin, P., Bannink, A., Sandars, D., Rolinski, S., Seddaiu, G., Lauwers, L., Topp, C.F.E., 2017. Modelling Adaptation to climate change in agricultural systems. FACCE MACSUR Reports 10, 2-3-D1.

  2. N Hutchings, (submitter), 2017. Does collaborative farm-scale modelling address current challenges and future opportunities. FACCE MACSUR Reports 10, 13.

  3. Topp, K., Eory, V., Bannink, A., Bartley, D.J., Blanco-Penedo, I., Cortignani, R., Prado, A.D., Dono, G., Faverdin, P., Graux, A.-I., Hutchings, N., Lauwers, L., Gülzari, ?.Ö., Rolinski, S., Ramos, M.R., Sandars, D.L., Sándor, R., Schoenhart, M., Seddaiu, G., Middelkoop, J. van, Weindl, I., Kipling, R.P., 2017. Modelling climate change adaptation in European agriculture: Definitions and Current Modelling. FACCE MACSUR Reports 10, 2–3.2–D.

  4. K-EGOKITZEN. 2011. Cambio Climático: impacto y adaptación. Ecosistemas terrestres: ecosistemas agrarios N2.

  5. Ruminant Nutrition Regimes to Reduce Methane & Nitrogen Emissions. Final Report DEFRA AC209. 2011.

  6. Development of an integrated management framework and approaches for livestock farming systems. Final Report DEFRA IF0124.

  7. Moran D., Topp K., Wall E., Wreford A., Chadwick D., Hall C., Hutchins M., Mitchell M., del Prado A., Tolkamp B. and Wu L. 2009. Climate Change impacts on the livestock sector. Final Report DEFRA AC0307.2009.

  8. Del Prado A., Scholefield D. and Chadwick D. 2009. New integrated dairy production systems: specification, practical feasibility and ways of implementation. Final Report DEFRA IS0214.

  9. Chadwick D., Marshall A., del Prado A., Scholefield D., Weller R., Hyslop J., Bell J. and Morgan C. 2007. Forage Brassica for Out-Wintering Stock (IGER/SAC). Final Report DEFRA WT0740 CSF.

  10. Del Prado A., Scholefield D. and Brown L. NCYCLE_IRL. 2007.A model to predict N fluxes in Irish grasslands. Technical Report. Environmental Protection Agency. An Ghniomhaireacht um Chaomhnu Comhshaoil PO Box 3000, Johnstown Castle, Co. Wexford, Ireland.

  11. Chadwick D. R., del Prado A., Scholefield D., Mills J., Compton L.  and Dragosits U. The implications of farm-scale methane mitigation measures for long-term national methane emissions. Informe final DEFRA CC0270.

  12.  Del Prado A., Corre W.J., Oenema O. and Pinto M. 2000. NUTGRANJA 1.0. Description and parameterization of a farm-scale simulation model. Appendices to the Third Progress Report, i.e. reports and manuscripts of all partners. FAIR 3 CT96-1920.



  1.  A del Prado. 2023. ISFOOD DAY. Neutralidad climática y circularidad en sistemas ganaderos  (UPNA). Link

  2. A del Prado. 2023. "Neutralidad climática en la ganadería rumiante" Seminario Internacional de Ganadería y Medio Ambiente. Montería (Colombia)  Link 

  3. Del Prado A. 2022. Economía circular y el desarrollo sustentable (evento opening key-note). II Congreso internacional de investigación, innovación y emprendimiento. Mes de la ciencia, el arte y la cultura. 7-11 November 2022. Auditorio del Paraninfo universitario. Plaza de Armas, Cusco, Peru.  

  4. Del Prado A. 2021 Linking the concept of GWP* Livestock in grassland-based livestock systems for climate impact assessments. Evolving Foodscapes and Thoughtscapes. Link

  5. Del Prado A. 2020. Indicadores y métricas ambientales para analizar la sostenibilidad de la ganadería rumiante. 43 Congreso Argentino de Producción Animal

  6. Del Prado A. 2019. Climate change impacts on Mediterranean small ruminant production systems and mitigation options. Key-note speech. Joint Meeting of the FAO-CIHEAM Network for Research and Development in Sheep and Goats (Subnetworks on Nutrition and Production Systems) and the FAO-CIHEAM Subnetwork for the Research and Development of Mediterranean Pasture and Forage Resources Meknès (Morocco), (23-25/10/2019) . Link

  7. A del Prado. 2018. Key-note presentation. Addressing climate change mitigation potential in agriculture, presented at the International Conference on Agricultural GHG Emissions and Food Security –Connecting research to policy and practice, organized by Thünen institute, Berlin, Germany, Sep, 2018. Link
  8. A del Prado. 2018. (invited lecture in Bangor University, 11-7-2018; PONTIO Arts Centre, Deiniol Road, Bangor LL57 2TQ) 'The Quest for the Holistic Grail of Sustainable Intensification' 23rd NRN-LCEE Public Lecture . Link  

  9. Del Prado A., van den Pol-van Dasselaar, Chadwick D., Misselbrook T, Sandars D, Audsley E, Mosquera-Losada MR. 2014. Synergies between mitigation and adaptation to Climate Change in grassland-based farming systems Key-note speech in 25th European Grassland Federation EGF, Aberystwyth, UK.

  10. Del Prado A, Mosquera-Losada RM and Bardaji I: 2014. Oportunidades y retos de los pastos frente a la nueva PAC en un contexto de cambio climático. Key-note speech in 53 Reunión científica de la SEEP . Potes, Cantabria, Spain. Paper download . 

  11. Del Prado A., Crosson P., Olesen J.E. and Rotz A. 2013. Whole-farm models to quantify greenhouse gas emissions and their potential use for linking climate change mitigation and adaptation in temperate grassland ruminant-based farming systems. Key-note speech in Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture 2013 (GGAA 2103) Conference, Dublin 2013.

  12. Petersen S.O Blanchard M, Chadwick D, del Prado A, Edouard N, Mosquera-Losada J and Sommer S.G. 2013. Manure management for GHG mitigation.Key-note speech (co-author) in Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture 2013 (GGAA 2103) Conference, Dublin 2013 .

  13. Misselbrook T., Del Prado A., Chadwick D. 2012. Opportunities for reducing environmental emissions from forage-based dairy farms. Proceedings of the XVI International Silage Conference. Hameenlinna, Finland, 2-4 July 2012.  Keynote speaker: Misselbrook T.

  14. Del Prado A. 2010. The effect of intensive livestock production on air, soil and water. Workshop: Soil property dynamics under different land uses and management (Dinámica de las propiedades del suelo bajo diferentes usos y manejos), INIA-Uruguay (Uruguay). Keynote speaker: del Prado A.

  15. Del Prado A., Chadwick D. and Scholefield D. 2009. Simulating the effect on GHG emissions after implementing a trajectory towards sustainability of a dairy farm.41th Meeting of the Agricultural Research Modeller’s Group. Royal Society, Londres (Reino Unido).

  16. Del Prado A. 2009. Systems Modelling For Sustainable Farming. Seminario CSIC. Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Granada. Keynote speaker: del Prado A.


The opinions expressed at the information included in the personal web pages of the BC3 researchers, are responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3).

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