BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

Basque Centre for Climate Change

We integrate the environmental, socioeconomic and ethical dimensions of climate change.

We provide knowledge, tools, new methodologies that we lead towards action in a collaborative framework.

We produce multi and trans-disciplinary knowledge relevant to decision making towards sustainable development at international level.   

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To steer climate change science towards the co-production of new knowledge and the co-design of policy solutions together with other stakeholders through a solid and transdisciplinary approach, with the ultimate goal to achieve sustainable development.


BC3 mission is to strategically foster co-production of knowledge relevant to decision making by integrating environmental, socioeconomic, and ethical dimensions of climate change.

Overall Objectives

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BC3-Basque Centre for Climate Change seeks to address a highly-qualified team of researchers, launching calls for senior and junior positions in our Job Offers and offering research opportunities for young students through Internships.

Journal Articles

Abadie L.M. 2021. Current expectations and actual values for the clean spark spread: The case of Spain in the Covid-19 crisis. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. 285. DOI (10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124842).

Akizu-Gardoki O., Wakiyama T., Wiedmann T., Bueno G., Arto I., Lenzen M., Lopez-Guede J.M. 2021. Hidden Energy Flow indicator to reflect the outsourced energy requirements of countries. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. 278. DOI (10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123827).

Albizua A., Bennett E.M., Larocque G., Krause R.W., Pascual U. 2021. Social networks influence farming practices and agrarian sustainability. PLoS One. 16. DOI (10.1371/journal.pone.0244619).

Almagro M., Ruiz-Navarro A., Díaz-Pereira E., Albaladejo J., Martínez-Mena M. 2021. Plant residue chemical quality modulates the soil microbial response related to decomposition and soil organic carbon and nitrogen stabilization in a rainfed Mediterranean agroecosystem. SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY. 156. DOI (10.1016/j.soilbio.2021.108198).

Brown C., Kovács E., Herzon I., Villamayor-Tomas S., Albizua A., Galanaki A., Grammatikopoulou I., McCracken D., Olsson J.A., Zinngrebe Y. 2021. Simplistic understandings of farmer motivations could undermine the environmental potential of the common agricultural policy. LAND USE POLICY. 101. DOI (10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.105136).

de Ayala A., Foudi S., Solà M.M., López-Bernabé E., Galarraga I. 2021. Consumers’ preferences regarding energy efficiency: a qualitative analysis based on the household and services sectors in Spain. Energy Efficiency. 14. (1) DOI (10.1007/s12053-020-09921-0).

del Prado A., Manzano P., Pardo G. 2021 (Forthcoming). The role of the European small ruminant dairy sector in stabilising global temperatures: Lessons from GWP* warming-equivalent emission metrics. JOURNAL OF DAIRY RESEARCH. 1-8. DOI (10.1017/S0022029921000157).

Flores O., Deckmyn G., Yuste J.C., Javaux M., Uvarov A., van der Linde S., de Vos B., Vereecken H., Jiménez J., Vinduskova O., Schnepf A. 2021. KEYLINK: Towards a more integrative soil representation for inclusion in ecosystem scale models - II: Model description, implementation and testing. PeerJ. 9 DOI (10.7717/peerj.10707).

Galende-Sánchez E., Sorman A.H. 2021. From consultation toward co-production in science and policy: A critical systematic review of participatory climate and energy initiatives. Energy Research and Social Science. 73. DOI (10.1016/j.erss.2020.101907).

Gazol A., Heres A.-M., Curiel Yuste J. 2021. Land-use practices (coppices and dehesas) and management intensity modulate responses of Holm oak growth to drought. AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY. 297. DOI (10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108235).


Arto, I., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Román, M.V., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. 2020 EU Trade in CO2 Emissions. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-18825-4.

Arto, I., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Román, M.V., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. 2020 EU Trade in Value Added. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-18829-2.

Arto, I., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Román, M.V., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. 2020 EU Trade in Employment. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-18826-1.

González-Eguino, M.,Sanz Sanchez, M.J. 2020 In: Papeles de Economía Española. In: Transición hacia una economía baja en carbono en España. 163. Madrid. FUNCAS.

Arto, Iñaki., Dietzenbacher, Erik., Rueda Cantuche, Jose. 2019 Measuring bilateral trade in terms of value added. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-03846-7.

Buchholz. W., , Markandya,A., Rübbelke,D., Vögele, S. 2019 In: Dodson, J. In: Ancillary Benefits of Climate Policy. 1 Charn, Switzerland. Springer. 345. ISBN 978-3-030-30977-0.

Eduardo Calvo Buendia (Peru), Sabin Guendehou (Benin), Bundit Limmeechokchai (Thailand), Riitta Pipatti (Finland), Yasna Rojas (Chile), Rob Sturgiss (Australia), Kiyoto Tanabe (Japan), Tom Wirth (USA) Daniela Romano (Italy), Jongikhaya Witi (South Africa). 2019 In: Calvo Buendia, E., Tanabe, K., Kranjc, A., Baasansuren, J., Fukuda, M., Ngarize S., Osako, A., Pyrozhenko, Y., Shermanau, P. and Federici, S. In: IPCC (2019) Special Report: "2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories".Overview Chapter. IPCC.

Hongmin Dong (China), James Douglas MacDonald (Canada),Stephen Michael Ogle (USA), Maria José Sanz Sanchez (Spain), Marcelo Theoto Rocha (Brazil). 2019 In: Calvo Buendia, E., Tanabe, K., Kranjc, A., Baasansuren, J., Fukuda, M., Ngarize S., Osako, A., Pyrozhenko, Y., Shermanau, P. and Federici, S. In: IPCC (2019) Special Report: "2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories".Agriculture, Forestry and other land use, Volume 4. IPCC.

Pascual, U. (Lead author) and Palomo, I. (Author Fellow). 2019 In: S. Díaz, J. Settele, E. S. Brondizio E.S., H. T. Ngo, M. Guèze, J. Agard, A. Arneth, P. Balvanera, K. A. Brauman, S. H. M. Butchart, K. M. A. Chan, L. A. Garibaldi, K. Ichii, J. Liu, S. M. Subramanian, G. F. Midgley, P. Miloslavich, Z. Molnár, D. Obura, A. In: IPBES (2019) Special Report:"Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services". IPBES.

Roman, María Victoria., Rueda Cantuche, Jose.,De Amores Hernandez, Antonio., Arto, Iñaki., Perez, Miguel.,. 2019 Trade-SCAN 1.1 – A Tool for Trade Supply Chain Analysis. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union . ISBN 978-92-76-01963-3 .

Books chapters

Gonzalo Delacámara, Timothy G. O’Higgins, Manuel Lago, Simone D. Langhans. 2020 Ecosystem-Based Management: Moving from Concept to Practice . In: Timothy G. O'Higgins, Manuel Lago, Theodore H. DeWitt. In: Ecosystem-Based Management, Ecosystem Services and Aquatic Biodiversity. 1st. Cham, Switzerland. Springer. 580. ISBN 978-3-030-45843-0.

Marta Olazabal. 2020 El Reto Climático en las Ciudades. In: Ministerio de Defensa. In: Las ciudades: agentes críticos para una transformación sostenible del mundo. Ministerio de Defensa. ISBN 978-84-9091-505-9 .

Olazabal, M. 2020 An adaptation agenda for the new climate urbanism: global insights. In: Castán Broto, V., Robin, E., While, A. In: Climate Urbanism: towards a critical research agenda. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-3-030-53385-4.

Sainz de Murieta, E. 2020 La contribución de las regiones a la política climática. In: EuroBasque - Consejo Vasco del Movimiento Europeo. In: Sostenibilidad en la Europa del S. XXI: económica, ambiental y social. Madrid. Dykinson. 299. ISBN 9788413246680.

Sainz de Murieta, E. 2020 Ancillary Benefits of Adaptation: An Overview. In: Buchholz, W.,Markandya, A., Rübbelke, D.,Vögele, S. In: Ancillary benefits of climate policy. Springer Climate. 181-196. ISBN 978-3-030-30977-0.

A. Markandya and D. Pearce. 2019 Development, the Environment and the Social Rate of Discount. In: G. Atkinson and S. Fankhauser . In: Sustainability Economics: The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics. UK. Edward Elgar: UK. 896. ISBN 978-1-786439109.

Alevgul H. Sorman, Cristina Pizarro-Irizar, Xaquín García-Muros, Mikel González-Eguino, Iñaki Arto. 2019 Spain: On a rollercoaster of regulatory change: risks and uncertainties of renewable energy transitions . In: Alexandros Nikas, Susanne Hanger, Jenny Lieu. In: Case study narratives on risks and uncertainties associated with climate mitigation pathways. London. Routledge. 296. ISBN 9780429458781.

Almut Arneeth et al 2019 (M.J. Sanz, review Editor). 2019 Chapter 1: Framing and context. In: Arneth et al. In: IPCC Special Report on Climate Change, Desertification, Land Degradation, Sustainable Land Management, Food Security, and Greenhouse gas fluxes in Terrestrial Ecosystems. IPCC, Switzerland.

Arto, I., Cazcarro, I., Markandya, A., Hazra, S., Bhattacharya, R.N., Osei-Wusu Adjei, P. 2019 Delta Economics and Sustainability. In: Nicholls, R.N., Adger, W.N., Hutton, CW., Hanson, S.E. In: Deltas in the Anthropocene. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-3-030-23516-1.

Burgess P, Graves A, García de Jalón S, Palma J, Dupraz C, van Noordwijk M. 2019 Modelling agroforestry systems. In: Mosquera-Losada MR, Prabhu R . In: Agroforestry for Sustainable Agriculture. Burleigh Dodds Series in Agricultural Science (Book 55). 542. ISBN 978-1786762207.

Others publications

Batalla, I., Pardo, G., delPrado, A. 2020. Gases de efecto invernadero y producción caprina: ¿qué debemos tener en cuenta? . Tierras caprino, 30, pp 10-17. 10-17.

IPBES (2020) Workshop Report on Biodiversity and Pandemics of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Daszak, P., das Neves, C., Amuasi, J., Hayman, D., Kuiken, T., Roche, B., Zambrana-Torrelio, C., Buss, P., Dundarova, H., Feferholtz, Y., Foldvari, G., Igbinosa, E., Junglen, S., Liu, Q., Suzan, G., Uhart, M., Wannous, C., Woolaston, K., Mosig Reidl, P., O'Brien, K., Pascual, U., Stoett, P., Li, H., Ngo, H. T., IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.4147317

González-Eguino, M., Arto, I., Rodriguez-Zuñiga,A.,X García-Muros, X. Sampedro,J., Kratena,K., Cazcarro, I., Sorman, A.H.,Pizarro-Irizar,C., Sanz-Sanchez, M.J. 2020. Impacto Económico, de Empleo, Social y sobre la Salud Pública del Borrador Actualizado del Plan Nacional Integrado De Energía y Clima 2021-2030. Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica.

González-Eguino,M.,Arto,I., Rodríguez-Zúñiga,A.,García-Muros, X.,Sampedro, J. 2020. Impacto económico y sobre la salud de la Estrategia de Descarbonización a Largo Plazo 2050 (ELP2050). Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico.

González-Eguino,M.,Arto,I., Rodríguez-Zúñiga,A.,García-Muros, X.,Tomas,M. 2020. Impacto económico de la rehabilitación energética de viviendas en España en el periodo 2021-2030. Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana.

United National Environment Programme (2020). Covid-19, the Environment, and Food Systems: Contain, Cope,and Rebuild Better. Geneva. (https://www.unep.org/resources/report/covid19-environment-and-food-systems-contain-cope-and-rebuild-better)

Pascual, Unai. 2020. Hacia una economía respetuosa con la naturaleza en la Euskal Herria post-Covid-19. Telesforo Monzon eLab Euskal Herrigintza Laborategia. DOI (https://telesforomonzonlab.eus/hacia-una-economia-respetuosa-con-la-naturaleza-en-la-euskal-herria-post-covid-19/?lang=es).

Rubio Benito del Valle, Iratxe y Benito del Valle Eskauriaza,Amelia. 2020. Goiz bat Tuni-Ontzin / Una mañana en Tuni-Ontzi / Unha mañá no Tuni-Ontzi. 1 32.

Sanz, M.J. y Galán, E. (editoras), 2020. Impactos y riesgos derivados del cambio climático en España. Oficina Española de Cambio Climático. Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico, Madrid (https://www.adaptecca.es/sites/default/files/documentos/impactosyriesgosccespanawebfinal_tcm30-518210_0.pdf)

Proietti, S., Sessa, C., and Pesuit, M. (ISINNOVA), Standal, K. and Schoyen Jensen, E. (CICERO), Bartek-Lesi, M. and Selei, A. (REKK), McCoy, D. (GRI-LSE), Silvestri, A. (BC3). 2019. D6.3 Transition practice framework workshop report. Enable EU (Enabling Energy Union).

Working Papers

[2020-02] Impact framing and experience for determining acceptable levels of climate change risk: A lab experiment Ambika Markanday, Steffen Kallbekken and Ibon Galarraga

[2020-01] The effect of providing monetary information on energy savings for household appliances: a field trial in Spain María del Mar Solà, Amaia de Ayala, Ibon Galarraga

[2019-01] Revisión sistemática de los efectos del paso a un ordeño al día en pequeños rumiantes Elena Galán del Castillo

[2018-02] Climate Change and Armed Conflicts African Observatory (CACAO): a georeferenced map of Africa Federica Cappelli, Caterina Conigliani, Valeria Costantini, Keti Lelo, Anil Markandya, Elena Paglialunga and Giorgia Sforna

[2018-01] Consumer purchases of energy-efficient cars: behavioural implications for policy Ibon Galarraga, Josu Lucas and Steffen Kallbekken

[2017-04] Cost-effectiveness and incidence of alternative mechanisms for financing renewables Xaquin Garcia-Muros, Christoph Böhringer and Mikel Gonzalez-Eguino

[2017-03] Traveling for happiness, moving to adapt: An agent-based perspective on population mobility Stefano Balbi

[2017-02] Drivers of climate change opinion Itxaso Ruiz, Sérgio Henrique Faria and Marc B. Neumann

[2017-01] Towards successful adaptation: a checklist for the development of climate change adaptation plans Marta Olazabal, Ibon Galarraga, James Ford, Alexandra Lesnikowski and Elisa Sainz de Murieta

[2016-05] The geographic distribution of the economic impact of climate finance María Victoria Román, Iñaki Arto and Alberto Ansuategi

Policy Briefings

[PB2014/Special Issue-02] Warning to navigators: IPCC report on climate change mitigation Mikel González-Eguino and Iñaki Arto

[PB 2019 – 02] Why sustainable land management? the case of the Mediterranean basin Ruiz,I., Sanz, M.J.

[PB 2019 – 01] Planificación de la adaptación al cambio climático en las ciudades españolas: evaluando su sostenibilidad y efectividad a largo plazo Sanz, E., Olazabal,M. y Sainz de Murieta, E.

[PB 2018 – 02] Land use mitigation: Can it realistically contribute to fill the gap to achieve the 1.5 and 2 ºc goals? María J. Sanz

[PB 2018 – 01] Are we on the right track? This is what we found when re-viewing climate policies in 885 European cities Marta Olazabal, Oliver Heidrich and Diana Reckien

[PB 2017-02_Special Issue] COP23: Technical profile with relevant political support Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Ibon Galarraga and Maria Jose Sanz

[PB 2014/ Special Issue-01] IPCC WGII Fifth Assessment Report (AR5): Expanding the solution space for adaptation Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Marc B Neumann and Anil Markandya

[PB 2013/ Special Issue-02] Breaking the 400 ppm barrier: Physical and Social implications of the recent CO2 rise Sérgio H. Faria, Joseph V. Spadaro and Anil Markandya

[PB 2013/ Special Issue-01] Warsaw Conference: “Small steps forward while awaiting major decisions at the 2015 Paris Conference” Galarraga.I and Román. M.V

[2017-04] Mecanismos para financiar la promoción de energías renovables. Impactos en los hogares y las industrias Joaquin Garcia-Muros y Mikel González-Eguino

Our Initiatives


Designed to disseminate and disclose rigorous information on climate change.

Science Education and Public Awareness

Raising awareness of Climate Change at Basque Country Scale

BC3 Initiatives in collaboration with external organizations

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