BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

Basque Centre for Climate Change

We integrate the environmental, socioeconomic and ethical dimensions of climate change.

We provide knowledge, tools, new methodologies that we lead towards action in a collaborative framework.

We produce multi and trans-disciplinary knowledge relevant to decision making towards sustainable development at international level.   

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To steer climate change science towards the co-production of new knowledge and the co-design of policy solutions together with other stakeholders through a solid and transdisciplinary approach, with the ultimate goal to achieve sustainable development.


BC3 mission is to strategically foster co-production of knowledge relevant to decision making by integrating environmental, socioeconomic, and ethical dimensions of climate change.

Overall Objectives

Journal Articles

Alonso-Epelde, E., García-Muros, X., González-Eguino, M. 2024. Climate action from a gender perspective: A systematic review of the impact of climate policies on inequality. Energy Research and Social Science. 112. DOI (10.1016/j.erss.2024.103511).

Aznarez, C., Kumar, S., Marquez-Torres, A., Pascual, U., Baró, F. 2024. Ecosystem service mismatches evidence inequalities in urban heat vulnerability. Science of the Total Environment. 922. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.171215).

Buezo, J., Medina, N.G., Hereş, A.M., Petritan, I.C., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Petritan, A.M., Esteban, R., Ilinca, E., Stoian, R., Curiel Yuste, J. 2024. Downed woody debris carbon emissions in a European temperate virgin forest as driven by species, decay classes, diameter and microclimate. Science of the Total Environment. 912. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.169133).

Casali, Y., Aydin, N.Y., Comes, T. 2024. A data-driven approach to analyse the co-evolution of urban systems through a resilience lens: A Helsinki case study. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science. DOI (10.1177/23998083241235246).

Cunha, J., Cabecinha, E., Villasante, S., Gonçalves, J.A., Balbi, S., Elliott, M., Ramos, S. 2024. Quantifying the role of saltmarsh as a vulnerable carbon sink: A case study from Northern Portugal. Science of the Total Environment. 923. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.171443).

Díaz de Otálora, X., Amon, B., Balaine, L., Dragoni, F., Estellés, F., Ragaglini, G., Kieronczyk, M., Jørgensen, G.H.M., del Prado, A. 2024. Influence of farm diversity on nitrogen and greenhouse gas emission sources from key European dairy cattle systems: A step towards emission mitigation and nutrient circularity. Agricultural Systems. 216. DOI (10.1016/j.agsy.2024.103902).

Díaz de Otálora, X., del Prado, A., Dragoni, F., Balaine, L., Pardo, G., Winiwarter, W., Sandrucci, A., Ragaglini, G., Kabelitz, T., Kieronczyk, M., Jørgensen, G., Estellés, F., Amon, B. 2024. Modelling the effect of context-specific greenhouse gas and nitrogen emission mitigation options in key European dairy farming systems. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 44. (1) DOI (10.1007/s13593-023-00940-6).

Encinas-Valero, M., Esteban, R., Hereş, A.M., Vivas, M., Solla, A., Moreno, G., Corcobado, T., Odriozola, I., Garbisu, C., Epelde, L., Curiel Yuste, J. 2024. Alteration of the tree–soil microbial system triggers a feedback loop that boosts holm oak decline. Functional Ecology. 38. (2) 374-390. DOI (10.1111/1365-2435.14473).

Fernández, S., Arce, G., García-Alaminos, Á., Cazcarro, I., Arto, I. 2024. Climate change as a veiled driver of migration in Bangladesh and Ghana. Science of the Total Environment. 922. DOI (10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.171210).

Foudi, S. 2024. Are risk attitude, impatience, and impulsivity related to the individual discount rate? Evidence from energy-efficient durable goods. Theory and Decision. DOI (10.1007/s11238-023-09961-9).


FAO (many authors included). 2023 In: FAO (Agustin del Prado-BC3 amongst 54 authors). In: Methane emissions in livestock and rice systems Sources, quantification, mitigation and metrics. FAO. ISBN 978-92-5-138148-9.

Iratxe Rubio; Amelia Benito del Valle. 2022 In: Mareira Bizi Sociedade Cooperativa Galega. In: Ilargiker eta izotzaren misterioak. 1 32. ISBN 978-84-09-37613-1.

2021 In: Evangelia Belia, Lorenzo Benedetti, Bruce Johnson, Sudhir Murthy, Marc B. Neumann, Peter A. Vanrolleghem, Stefan Weijers. In: Uncertainty in Wastewater Treatment Design and Operation. London, United Kingdom. IWA Publishing. 240. ISBN 9781780401027.

Anil Markandya and Dirk Rubbelke. 2021 In: Richard Tol. In: Climate and Development. 1 Singapore. World Scientific. 509. ISBN 978-981-124-055-3.

Atmadja, S., Martius, C., Leonard, S. and Sanz Sanchez, M.J. 2021 In: FAO. In: Transformational change to reduce deforestation and climate change impacts A review of definitions, concepts and drivers in scientific and grey literature. ISBN 978-92-5-135167-3.

Arto, I., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Román, M.V., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. 2020 EU Trade in CO2 Emissions. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-18825-4.

Arto, I., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Román, M.V., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. 2020 EU Trade in Value Added. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-18829-2.

Arto, I., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Román, M.V., Cazcarro, I., Amores, A.F., Dietzenbacher, E. 2020 EU Trade in Employment. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-18826-1.

González-Eguino, M.,Sanz Sanchez, M.J. 2020 In: Papeles de Economía Española. In: Transición hacia una economía baja en carbono en España. 163. Madrid. FUNCAS.

Arto, Iñaki., Dietzenbacher, Erik., Rueda Cantuche, Jose. 2019 Measuring bilateral trade in terms of value added. Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-76-03846-7.

Books chapters

Violeta Cabello; Eduardo Serrano. 2024 (Forthcoming). Abandono y recomposición más allá de los paisajes capitalocénicos. In: Gabriel Gatti, Iñaki Rubio. In: Paisajes de abandono. Bellaterra.

Aitor Zulueta, Estibaliz Sanz, Jaione Ortiz de Zárate,Violeta Cabello. 2023 Retos medioambientales de Euskadi. In: Editorial Catarata. In: La mirada larga retos del futuro para la ciudadanía vasca. Editorial Catarata Fuencarral, 70 Madrid. 155-171. ISBN 978-84-1352-800-7.

Alevgul H. Sorman. 2023 Deceitful Decoupling: Misconceptions of a Persistent Myth. In: Villamayor-Tomas, S., Muradian, R. (eds) . In: The Barcelona School of Ecological Economics and Political Ecology . SpringerLink. pp 165–177. ISBN 978-3-031-22565-9.

Anil Markandya, M. Mani, V. Sankaran and P.S. NaraSimhan. 2023 Regional Climate Variabilities in South Asia: A Development Prespective. In: Achiransu Acharyya. In: Environmental Economics in Developing Countries. 1 Abingdon and New York. Routledge. 213-230. ISBN 978-i-18291-9.

Calvet S., Estellés F, del Prado A and Groenestein K. 2023 Modelling Methane Emission from Manure. In: Thomas Bartzanas. In: Technology for Environmentally Friendly Livestock Production. Springer . 308. ISBN 9783031197291.

Violeta Cabello. 2023 La espera en la pérdida ecológica. In: Gabriel Gatti, Saioa Olmo, Álvaro Villar. In: Contar la espera. 1 Bilbao. Universidad del País Vasco. 13-14. ISBN 978-84-1319-543-8.

Alevgül H. Şorman and Ethemcan Turhan. 2022 The limits of authoritarian energy governance: Energy, democracy and public contestation in Turkey. In: Majia H. Nadesan, Martin J. Pasqualetti, Jennifer Keahey. In: Energy Democracies for Sustainable Futures. ELSEVIER. ISBN 9780128227961.

Del Prado A, Pardo G, Batalla I, Manzano P. 2022 La huella ambiental de la producción lechera española en el contexto internacional. In: Edelmiro López Iglesias | Universidad de Santiago de Compostela Manuel Lainez Andrés | Grupo Cooperativo Cajamar. In: Sector lácteo en España. Monografías cajamar .

Itxaso Ruiz, María José Sanz. 2022 Sustainable Land Management for Rural Adaptation in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Watersheds. In: Springer, Cham. In: Climate Change in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Region . Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-030-78565-9.

Sudeshna Kumar, Ayyoob Sharifi. 2022 SDGs in Global South Cities for Building Resilience to Climate Change. In: Walter Leal Filho, Theam Foo Ng, Usha Iyer-Raniga, Artie Ng, Ayyoob Sharifi. In: SDGs in the Asia and Pacific Region. 1st. Cham Swizterland. Springer International Publishing. L,950 1-29. ISBN ISSN 2731-5576.

Others publications

2023. Forced Displacement Exposes Gaps in Climate Migration Responses.

2023. Análisis del impacto distributivo de las medidas para contener la factura energética de los hogares.


Anil Markandya . 2023. Accounting for the hidden costs of agrifood systems in data-scarce contexts. FAO.

Anju Anna John, Stefano Balbi. 2023. Leave No One Behind: We Need a Rights-Based Approach to Climate Displacement. Common Dreams.

Conchi Piñeiro and Laura Lucio González (Tangente) and Coordinated by Maria José Sanz. 2023. Guide for the design, organization and facilitation of citizens. BC3.

David Baldock (dbaldock@ieep.eu) & Harriet Bradley (hbradley@ieep.eu). 2023. Transforming EU land use and the CAP: a post-2024 vision.

Estibaliz Sanz, Jaione Ortíz de Zárate. 2023. How can local governments boost their climate emergency policies integrating the health perspective?. Elsevier. DOI (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sctalk.2023.100252).

Eva Alonso-Epelde, Xaquín García-Muros y Mikel González-Eguino. 2023. Análisis de los usuarios vulnerables al transporte. Observatorio de la Transición Energética y la Acción Climática (OTEA). DOI (10.5281/zenodo.10454457).

Francesca Pasetti, Rubén Serrano-Zulueta, Pablo Manzano, Pedro M. Herrera. 2023. Accounting for pastoralists in Spain. League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Breeding.

Working Papers

[2023-02] An interoperability strategy for the next generation of SEEA accounting Ferdinando Villa, Stefano Balbi, Ken Bagstad, Alessio Bulckaen

[2022-02] Memory effect of appliance rebate programme: evidence from a lab experiment María del Mar Solà, Amaia de Ayala, Ibon Galarraga and Marta Escapa

[2022-01] Estimating the price premium of high energy-efficient washing-machines in Spain: A hedonic approach Elena López-Bernabé, Amaia de Ayala and Ibon Galarraga

[2021-03] Effectiveness of monetary information in promoting the purchase of energy-efficient appliances: evidence from a field experiment at a major retailer in María del Mar Solà, Marta Escapa and Ibon Galarraga

[2021-02] Procesos visibles de la transición del hielo superficial con burbujas a hielo profundo con clatratos en el testigo EDML de Antártida Gonzalo Morcillo and Sérgio Henrique Faria

[2021-01] Land use and land cover databases for Mediterranean landscape analysis at the watershed scale João Pompeu, Itxaso Ruiz, Antonio Ruano, Hugo Bendini and María José Sanz

[2020-02] Impact framing and experience for determining acceptable levels of climate change risk: A lab experiment Ambika Markanday, Steffen Kallbekken and Ibon Galarraga

[2020-01] The effect of providing monetary information on energy savings for household appliances: a field trial in Spain María del Mar Solà, Amaia de Ayala, Ibon Galarraga

[2019-01] Revisión sistemática de los efectos del paso a un ordeño al día en pequeños rumiantes Elena Galán del Castillo

[2018-02] Climate Change and Armed Conflicts African Observatory (CACAO): a georeferenced map of Africa Federica Cappelli, Caterina Conigliani, Valeria Costantini, Keti Lelo, Anil Markandya, Elena Paglialunga and Giorgia Sforna

Policy Briefings

[PB2022-02] Gestión integrada del territorio en la cuenca del río Mijares Itxaso Ruiz, Antonio Ruano, João Pompeu and María J. Sanz

[PB2014/Special Issue-02] Warning to navigators: IPCC report on climate change mitigation Mikel González-Eguino and Iñaki Arto

[PB 2023-03] El agua en la cuenca del río Mijares: lo que aún faltaría por conocer para avanzar en la toma de decisiones y acciones hacia la sostenibilidad territorial Zafra-Calvo N.; Vivas L.D., Ruiz I., Sanz M.J., Brugnach M.

[PB 2023-02] Evaluating adaptation: an analysis of policy progress in coastal cities and regions Marta Olazabal, William Lewis, Kayin Venner, María Ruiz de Gopegui Aramburu, Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Sascha Mahawelatanne Goonesekera, Ibon Galarraga

[PB 2023-01] Monetary information to increase the adoption of energy-efficient options: trick or treat? María del Mar Solà, Amaia de Ayala, Ibon Galarraga, Marta Escapa

[PB 2022-01] El impulso y desarrollo de la ganadería regenerativa como herramienta para la sostenibilidad agroalimentaria Rubén Zulueta, Pablo Manzano y Agustín del Prado

[PB 2021-06] An interoperability strategy for the next generation of SEEA accounting Ferdinando Villa, Stefano Balbi, Alessio Bulckaen

[PB 2021-05] Learning how to learn: The experiences of 6 global cities in tracking urban adaptation William Lewis, Marta Olazabal

[PB 2021-04] Artificial Intelligence technology for rapid natural capital accounting: The ARIES for SEEA explorer Ferdinando Villa, Stefano Balbi, Alessio Bulckaen, Amelia Ochoa

[PB 2021-03] Coastal climate change adaptation in Dakar: participatory approaches for determining decision-making behaviour, risk and adaptation preferences Ambika Markanday, Elisa Sainz de Murieta, Íñigo Aniel-Quiroga, Andrea Briones, Íñigo Losada, Alexandra Toimil and Saúl Torres

Our Initiatives


Designed to disseminate and disclose rigorous information on climate change.

Science Education and Public Awareness

Raising awareness of Climate Change at Basque Country Scale

BC3 Initiatives in collaboration with external organizations

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