BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

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This is just a short list of the more than 90 projects that are managed by BC3



AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE Alice logo solid

The challenges facing society in urban wastewater management cannot be solved by any one sector alone. ALICE (AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE) will accelerate innovation by bringing together and exchanging knowledge between the key players who can, together, address the future techno-economic, governance and societal challenges arising from climate change. It will boost international and interdisciplinary skills, as well as careers perspective of Experienced Researchers, Early Stage Researchers, and the workforce of industry, water utilities and public organizations. The results will 1) benefit water utilities, 2) support political and managerial decisions in wastewater, 3) benefit wastewater equipment manufacturers, identifying new market opportunities in the EU, 4) benefit EU citizens from the improved wastewater infrastructure, the environment and job creations.




Climate cHange mitigAtioN poliCies and Equality: distributional implications forChance

different socio-economic groups

The overarching goal of CHANCE is to contribute to bridging the gap between economic and social goals, through enhancing our understanding of how to foster socially fair and economically efficient climate mitigation policies. CHANCE will be implemented through a novel approach integrating Computable General Equilibrium and Microsimulation models.




AXA Postdoctoral Fellowship Marta Olazabal - Can we measure the effectiveness of public investments in urban climate resilience?

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After the Paris agreement, the need to collect more information about current efforts and progress towards adaptation is patent. Because of this, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of current adaptation policies is critical for public and private decision-making so that efforts can be well targeted, public funds and private investments can be effectively allocated, best-practices can be transferred and ultimately, adaptation science and practice can advance. When it comes to cities, local climate adaptation planning is relatively new. Earliest local adaptation plans began emerging about ten years ago and are an increasingly important component of the international climate policy agenda. It turns therefore critical to evaluate if and how local authorities are acting to adapt and whether local climate adaptation plans are on track to effectively reduce future risks. 




Climate Adaptation To Shifting Stocks Erc banner-horizontal

Management of marine fisheries is still far from incorporating adaptation to climate change, even though global stocks are heavily overexploited and climate change is adding additional pressure to the resource. In fact, there is growing evidence that current fisheries management systems may no longer be effective under climate change, and this will translate into both ecological and socioeconomic impacts. This research project argues that the combination of fisheries management science and socio-ecological systems thinking is necessary in order to advance in fisheries adaptation to climate change.






CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs


COACCH will develop an innovative science-practice and integrated approach to co-design and co-deliver an improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe, working with end users from research, business, investment, and policy making communities throughout the project. COACCH will advance the evidence base on complex climate change impact chains, assessing their market, non-market, macroeconomic and social consequences in the EU.




Design and construction of an X-Y-Z-motorized head to perform deep-UV Raman measurements at microscopic level in cold environments from -5 to -30 ºC  

The objective of this project is to design and provide the innovative CORaHE (COld Raman Head) sensor for deep-UV Raman spectroscopy, to operate under cold environments between -30 and ?5 °C, performing non-destructive micro-Raman measurements on a portable device, discarding the need of cryostages and allowing direct microscopic measuring of the original cold samples without any limitation in size.



Crecimiento verde en Bizkaia

La Fundación BBK Fundazioa tiene entre sus objetivos fomentar y desarrollar la cultura, difundir el conocimiento y la formación de las personas y en 2018 decidió apoyar a la Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU) y Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) en el marco del Programa Low Carbon establecido entre ambas instituciones.




ENERgy Efficiency POLIcies in Spain: analysing consumer choices Lacaixa


In order to combat climate change, several policies have been used in Spain to reduce the carbon intensity of the economy. However, household behavioural change has not received enough priority by the international climate debate. For these, more research is needed to keep the 1.5ºC target within reach. ENERPOLIS seeks to understand the effectiveness of market based (energy efficiency labels) and command and control instruments (Low emission zones) in Spain. This will be done through analysing the willingness to pay for energy efficiency of household appliances and study the effectiveness of the Madrid Low emission zone. The project will allow to provide useful recommendations to improve the design of policies influencing consumers’ choices of energy efficient technologies. Specifically, it will allow us to provide insights on the effectiveness of regulatory and economic instruments in the transition towards an energy efficient economy.




A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins Euroflow

A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins.




Governance of climate change adaptation and risk management Gobernadapt


Governadapt is a 1-year pilot project funded by the Basque Cooperation Agency whose main goal is assessing climate-induced coastal risks in the city of Dakar and determining, in a co-creation process with stakeholders, acceptable levels of risk that will guide the identification of different adaptation pathways.




Evaluando el papel de la diversidad del suelo en el mantenimiento de la funcionalidad de los hayedos en un escenario de cambio climático  

El calentamiento de la superficie terrestre, junto con los cambios en los regímenes de precipitación, incrementan la frecuencia e intensidad de episodios de sequía, debido al cambio climático. En las últimas décadas ha aumentado el riesgo de pérdida de funcionalidad de los ecosistemas debido a la recurrencia de episodios de sequía, incluso para regiones donde la disponibilidad hídrica no se presuponía limitante. Es el caso de los bosques de las regiones templadas, como los hayedos europeos (Fagus sylvatica), donde se han observado claros signos de decaimiento en los últimos años en los límites altitudinales y latitudinales inferiores de su distribución, es decir en las áreas expuestas a temperaturas más elevadas y a mayor déficit hídrico.




The role of plant-microbiota interactions in the resilience and collapse of mediterranean forest of holm-oaks  


Despite being a species historically adapted to Mediterranean drought conditions, Holm-oak (Q ilex subp Ballota) has shown clear signs of vulnerability in recent years reflected in an incipient process of defoliation and mortality. Given the urgent need to promote the conservation of this species of enormous ecological and socioeconomic importance in the Iberian Peninsula, it is a priority to improve our current understanding on the mechanisms and agents involved in health loss and vulnerability to extreme droughts and/or pathogenic attacks (eg Phytophthora cinnamomi). In this respect, the development of new "omics" has allowed to advance in the exploration of territories so far unexplored, such as the multifunctional role of the microbiota, the most diverse yet unknown ecosystem community, and its relation to physiological health. The project IBERYCA brings together an international and multidisciplinary team of experts (microbial ecologists, modelers, ecophysiologists, phytopathologists and biogeochemists) that will use the latest generation of "omics" techniques (metabarcoding and metabolomics) to deepen the multifunctional role of the microbiota (Prokaryotes, archaeas and fungi) in the health of Holm-oaks and their resilience to the increasing incidence of, e.g. extreme summer droughts and/or pathogen attacks.




Interreg ALICE

Improving the management of Atlantic landscapes: accouting for bIodiversity and ecosystem services Alice

An integrative, landscape management approach incorporating socioeconomic and climate change scenarios is critical to ensure the delivery of benefits from investments in Blue and Green Infrastructures to meet the 2020 EU biodiversity targets and sustainable development in the Atlantic Region.

The ALICE project will develop a comprehensive package of new methods, tools and procedures to identify economic and social barriers to the delivery of benefits from Blue and Green Infrastructures implementation and to improve the characterization of biodiversity and the valuation of Ecosystem Services across four Atlantic case studies (Portugal, Spain, France and UK-Ireland). ALICE will focus on participative learning and modelling by engaging stakeholders and policy makers to identify best Blue and Green Infrastructures solutions.






The overall objective of LOCOMOTION is to enhance existing Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) in order to provide policy makers and relevant stakeholders with a reliable and practical model system to assess the feasibility, effectiveness, costs and impacts of different sustainability policy options, and to identify the most effective transition pathways towards a low-carbon society.




Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono.

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BC3 lidera  el subproyecto 5 del proyecto MANURE, titulado “Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono”






Open Library of Pollinator Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Scenarios  

Biodiversity is now recognized as pivotal in maintaining ecosystem functions and providing ecosystem services with positive impacts for human well being. Paradoxically, biodiversity is also being lost at unprecedented rates due to rapid human-induced environmental changes. Scenarios predicting the future of biodiversity and its associated services are a powerful tool to inform conservation planning but several barriers have impeded their widespread and productive use so far. A key limitation is that there is little guidance and no formal cost-benefit analysis on the use of different modeling approaches.





Delivering on the Paris Agreement: A Demand-Driven Integrated Assessment Modelling Approach
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PARIS REINFORCE aims to underpin climate policymaking with  robust scientific processes and results, and enhance the science-policy interface, in light of the Paris Agreement and associated challenges. In particular, our aim is to develop a novel, demand-driven, IAM-oriented assessment framework for effectively supporting the design and assessment of climate policies in the EU as well as in other major emitters and selected less emitting/developed countries, with  respect to the Paris Agreement objectives.




REVALUE: RElational VALues in Urban Environments: A transdisciplinary approach  

REVALUE is a transdisciplinary project that aims to answer questions about the role of ‘relational values’ about nature in an urban context, including (1) What counts for people as relational value about urban biodiversity? (2) What indicators best measure relational values at both individual and social levels in an urban setting? And (3) How does it help to understand the relationships between urban biodiversity, human well-being and social equity, through a relational values lens? REVALUE also focuses on the role of recognizing and activating relational values in inclusive urban planning.  To find answers to these questions, REVALUE will apply a case study in the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz (European Green Capital 2012). 




SAfeguarding Biodiversity and Ecosystem seRvices by integrating CULTURAL values in freshwater management: learning from Maori  

Freshwater ecosystems are essential to people´s economic, cultural and social wellbeing, yet are still one of the most seriously threatened ecosystems on the planet. This conflict is reflected in political regulations that ask to halt the loss of, restore and safeguard freshwaters, their biodiversity and the ecosystem services they provide. Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM), a holistic approach advocated to help doing so, involves an overarching regulatory framework and local solutions with trade-offs and compromises - factors that make decision processes complex and easily co-opted.



Urban Klima 2050

LIFE-IP URBAN KLIMA 2050 Logo urbanklima principal

All European regions are vulnerable to Climate Change (CC), although its consequences can manifest itself in several ways, depending on the region of the planet in which we find ourselves. According to the estimations, both the South and Southeast areas if Europe, where the Basque Country (north of Spain) is located, will be the critical areas affected by CC according to the number of adverse phenomena. In the Basque case it has been identified that main CC threats and impacts on the citizens, the territory and the economy. These will come as a result of the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme events (i.e. sea storms, heat waves, floods….) resulting in:

-       Increase of mean sea level and wave frequency and intensity, impacts on urban settlements, harbours, and natural coastal environments.

-       River floods with strong affections to the urban settlements.

-       Heat waves and islands affecting health population.

-       Landslides affecting infrastructures and neighbourhoods.

-       Habitats displacement or disappearance and loss of its ecosystem services.




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