BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

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This is just a short list of the more than 90 projects that are managed by BC3



AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE Alice logo solid

The challenges facing society in urban wastewater management cannot be solved by any one sector alone. ALICE (AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE) will accelerate innovation by bringing together and exchanging knowledge between the key players who can, together, address the future techno-economic, governance and societal challenges arising from climate change. It will boost international and interdisciplinary skills, as well as careers perspective of Experienced Researchers, Early Stage Researchers, and the workforce of industry, water utilities and public organizations. The results will 1) benefit water utilities, 2) support political and managerial decisions in wastewater, 3) benefit wastewater equipment manufacturers, identifying new market opportunities in the EU, 4) benefit EU citizens from the improved wastewater infrastructure, the environment and job creations.




Baltoroko Elur-maluta proiektua - BALELUR - The Effects of Climate Change on the K2 Area



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Mountains are among the ecosystems most affected by climate change. Still, there are many gaps in our understanding of climate change impacts on nature and human well-being, especially in the remote and vulnerable mountain regions. Climate change in mountain regions is diverse, and often extreme. Adaptation capacity of these communities is often low due to multiple barriers including lack of resources, limited education, and high exposure to natural hazards. At the same time, mountain tourism is becoming a challenge for these areas including new problems related to garbage disposal and threatening the cultural identity of communities.




Entendiendo el rol funcional de los colibríes migradores en redes de interacción planta-polinizador a lo largo de un gradiente latitudinal  

El cambio global que amenaza muchos ecosistemas hace que sea crítico entender los impactos a nivel funcional que tienen distintas perturbaciones. Muchas de estas perturbaciones llevan a cambios en la composición de especies en las comunidades, a través de la extinción de especies locales o de la invasión por especies nóveles. Como consecuencia, las comunidades se reorganizan, pudiendo verse afectadas las interacciones entre distintas especies. Investigaciones previas han mostrado que en respuesta a la pérdida de una especie las demás pueden cambiar su rol funcional, es decir, estos roles serían dinámicos. Sin embargo, aún desconocemos el efecto modulador del contexto ecológico, específicamente el de la diversidad de especies, sobre la respuesta de estos roles funcionales a las perturbaciones. Este proyecto evaluará los cambios estructurales en redes de interacción planta-colibrí a lo largo de un gradiente de diversidad de especies. En particular, me centraré en los cambios en los roles funcionales de las especies individuales (especialización trófica) así como en los cambios en la estructura de la red completa (complementariedad funcional y robustez a otras perturbaciones). Me centraré en comunidades que incluyan especies de colibríes residentes y migratorias a lo largo de un gradiente de diversidad de especies, para evaluar los cambios en los roles de las especies y la estructura de la red de interacción cuando la especie migradora está presente o ausente. Esta propuesta me permitirá evaluar la importancia de la biodiversidad en el mantenimiento de las funciones de los ecosistemas frente a la pérdida de especies. Para ello, usaré un experimento natural único en el que la misma especie se elimina de manera natural de comunidades a lo largo de un gradiente de diversidad y combinaré la toma de datos en el campo con el uso de análisis de redes punteros y el riguroso análisis estadístico de los datos.





Climate cHange mitigAtioN poliCies and Equality: distributional implications forChance

different socio-economic groups

The overarching goal of CHANCE is to contribute to bridging the gap between economic and social goals, through enhancing our understanding of how to foster socially fair and economically efficient climate mitigation policies. CHANCE will be implemented through a novel approach integrating Computable General Equilibrium and Microsimulation models.




AXA Postdoctoral Fellowship Marta Olazabal - Can we measure the effectiveness of public investments in urban climate resilience?

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After the Paris agreement, the need to collect more information about current efforts and progress towards adaptation is patent. Because of this, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of current adaptation policies is critical for public and private decision-making so that efforts can be well targeted, public funds and private investments can be effectively allocated, best-practices can be transferred and ultimately, adaptation science and practice can advance. When it comes to cities, local climate adaptation planning is relatively new. Earliest local adaptation plans began emerging about ten years ago and are an increasingly important component of the international climate policy agenda. It turns therefore critical to evaluate if and how local authorities are acting to adapt and whether local climate adaptation plans are on track to effectively reduce future risks. 




Climate Adaptation To Shifting Stocks Erc banner-horizontal

Management of marine fisheries is still far from incorporating adaptation to climate change, even though global stocks are heavily overexploited and climate change is adding additional pressure to the resource. In fact, there is growing evidence that current fisheries management systems may no longer be effective under climate change, and this will translate into both ecological and socioeconomic impacts. This research project argues that the combination of fisheries management science and socio-ecological systems thinking is necessary in order to advance in fisheries adaptation to climate change.






CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs


COACCH will develop an innovative science-practice and integrated approach to co-design and co-deliver an improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe, working with end users from research, business, investment, and policy making communities throughout the project. COACCH will advance the evidence base on complex climate change impact chains, assessing their market, non-market, macroeconomic and social consequences in the EU.




CONsumer Energy Efficiency Decision Making        Logo conseed def               

Consumers do not minimize the total costs of their energy-consuming investments due to a range of market and non-market based failures. This is known as the ‘Energy Efficiency Gap’. To reduce the gap and provide customers with energy consumption information, the EU has mandated that electrical appliances, cars and buildings carry information to indicate their energy consumption.
There is a large knowledge gap in terms of understanding which factors are salient in consumers’ decisions, the relative importance of these factors and how these factors change by consumer group and product type. The key idea behind CONSEED is to understand how consumers make decisions which involve an energy component, and to make (energy) operating costs more salient to consumers at the point of purchase to increase efficient behaviour.




Design and construction of an X-Y-Z-motorized head to perform deep-UV Raman measurements at microscopic level in cold environments from -5 to -30 ºC  

The objective of this project is to design and provide the innovative CORaHE (COld Raman Head) sensor for deep-UV Raman spectroscopy, to operate under cold environments between -30 and ?5 °C, performing non-destructive micro-Raman measurements on a portable device, discarding the need of cryostages and allowing direct microscopic measuring of the original cold samples without any limitation in size.



Crecimiento verde en Bizkaia

La Fundación BBK Fundazioa tiene entre sus objetivos fomentar y desarrollar la cultura, difundir el conocimiento y la formación de las personas y en 2018 decidió apoyar a la Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU) y Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) en el marco del Programa Low Carbon establecido entre ambas instituciones.




Enabling the Energy Union through understanding the drivers of individual and collective energy choices in Europe       Logo enable.eu              

The Energy Union Framework Strategy laid out on 25 February 2015 has embraced a citizens-oriented energy transition based on a low-carbon transformation of the energy system. The success of the energy transition pillar in the Energy Union will hinge upon the social acceptability of the necessary reforms and on the public engagement in conceptualizing, planning, and implementing low carbon energy transitions. The ENABLE.EU project will aim to define the key determinants of individual and collective energy choices in three key consumption areas - transportation, heating & cooling, and electricity – and in the shift to presumption (users-led initiatives of decentralised energy production and trade).




Nurturing a Shift towards Equitable Valuation of Nature in the Anthropocene Equival logo berria

In order to secure more ethical and more effective approaches for nature conservation, social equity needs to be integrated as a key aspect in environmental governance. This involves recognizing and creating transparent and participatory mechanisms that can explicitly include the voices of the diversity of stakes and worldviews about human-nature relations. This necessarily requires that valuation of biodiversity (a shorthand for nature or any biotic system as seen by modern science, or other knowledge systems) is also an equitable process. Equitable valuation requires: recognition of diversity of worldviews on human-nature relations, guaranteeing transparent participation of stakeholders, and being mindful of the distribution of benefits and burdens of valuation-based decisions.




La Equidad Social en los Pagos por Servicios Ambientales (PSA): Una Perspectiva Socio- Ecológica Espera

El objetivo principal de ESPERA es contribuir al conocimiento del impacto de los PSA (Pagos por Servicios Ambientales o ecosistémicos) sobre la equidad social y sus interrelaciones (trade-offs) con la efectividad ambiental y la eficiencia económica, desde la perspectiva socio-ecológica de los servicios ecosistémicos. ESPERA avanzará en el desarrollo de un marco conceptual siguiendo el trabajo de Pascual et al (2010; 2014) mediante la introducción de las relaciones de poder entre los actores de los PSA, una variable normalmente obviada en la literatura sobre PSA).




European Union Trade in Value Added, Jobs and Greenhouse Gases emissions European commission.svg

The objectives of this contract are:

 -Objective 1: Produce a modified version of the existing Trade-SCAN tool package for the analysis of income, GHG emissions and employment effects of consumption, investment and gross exports of countries.).

 -Objective 2: Produce one pocketbook with three small volumes titled: "EU Trade in Value Added, Employment and GHG Emissions"





A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins Euroflow

A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins.




Evaluando el papel de la diversidad del suelo en el mantenimiento de la funcionalidad de los hayedos en un escenario de cambio climático  

El calentamiento de la superficie terrestre, junto con los cambios en los regímenes de precipitación, incrementan la frecuencia e intensidad de episodios de sequía, debido al cambio climático. En las últimas décadas ha aumentado el riesgo de pérdida de funcionalidad de los ecosistemas debido a la recurrencia de episodios de sequía, incluso para regiones donde la disponibilidad hídrica no se presuponía limitante. Es el caso de los bosques de las regiones templadas, como los hayedos europeos (Fagus sylvatica), donde se han observado claros signos de decaimiento en los últimos años en los límites altitudinales y latitudinales inferiores de su distribución, es decir en las áreas expuestas a temperaturas más elevadas y a mayor déficit hídrico.




The role of plant-microbiota interactions in the resilience and collapse of mediterranean forest of holm-oaks  


Despite being a species historically adapted to Mediterranean drought conditions, Holm-oak (Q ilex subp Ballota) has shown clear signs of vulnerability in recent years reflected in an incipient process of defoliation and mortality. Given the urgent need to promote the conservation of this species of enormous ecological and socioeconomic importance in the Iberian Peninsula, it is a priority to improve our current understanding on the mechanisms and agents involved in health loss and vulnerability to extreme droughts and/or pathogenic attacks (eg Phytophthora cinnamomi). In this respect, the development of new "omics" has allowed to advance in the exploration of territories so far unexplored, such as the multifunctional role of the microbiota, the most diverse yet unknown ecosystem community, and its relation to physiological health. The project IBERYCA brings together an international and multidisciplinary team of experts (microbial ecologists, modelers, ecophysiologists, phytopathologists and biogeochemists) that will use the latest generation of "omics" techniques (metabarcoding and metabolomics) to deepen the multifunctional role of the microbiota (Prokaryotes, archaeas and fungi) in the health of Holm-oaks and their resilience to the increasing incidence of, e.g. extreme summer droughts and/or pathogen attacks.





INter-sectoral Health Environment Research for InnovaTions Inherit logotagline rgb

The overarching aim of INHERIT is to define effective inter-sectoral policies and interventions that promote health and well-being across the social gradient by tackling key environmental stressors and related inequalities in the areas of living, consuming and moving.

INHERIT will bring together relevant stakeholders from different sectors, including the private sector.



Interreg ALICE

Improving the management of Atlantic landscapes: accouting for bIodiversity and ecosystem services Alice

An integrative, landscape management approach incorporating socioeconomic and climate change scenarios is critical to ensure the delivery of benefits from investments in Blue and Green Infrastructures to meet the 2020 EU biodiversity targets and sustainable development in the Atlantic Region.

The ALICE project will develop a comprehensive package of new methods, tools and procedures to identify economic and social barriers to the delivery of benefits from Blue and Green Infrastructures implementation and to improve the characterization of biodiversity and the valuation of Ecosystem Services across four Atlantic case studies (Portugal, Spain, France and UK-Ireland). ALICE will focus on participative learning and modelling by engaging stakeholders and policy makers to identify best Blue and Green Infrastructures solutions.





Innovation for Sustainable Sheep and Goat Production in Europe Logo isage

iSAGE will enhance the sustainability, competitiveness and resilience of the European Sheep and Goat sectors through collaboration between industry and research. iSAGE have a powerful consortium with 18 industry representatives from various EU production systems and socio-economic contexts. The sheep and goat sector will be investigated because it is sensitive to general socio-economic, demographic, and ecological and market challenges; nevertheless, the project’s approach and results will be made available and disseminated to other EU livestock industries. Therefore, at the core of iSAGE is a participatory approach centered on a multi-actor internal and external communication (WP) to build the project from the farmer level.





The overall objective of LOCOMOTION is to enhance existing Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) in order to provide policy makers and relevant stakeholders with a reliable and practical model system to assess the feasibility, effectiveness, costs and impacts of different sustainability policy options, and to identify the most effective transition pathways towards a low-carbon society.




Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono.

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BC3 lidera  el subproyecto 5 del proyecto MANURE, titulado “Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono”






Open Library of Pollinator Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Scenarios  

Biodiversity is now recognized as pivotal in maintaining ecosystem functions and providing ecosystem services with positive impacts for human well being. Paradoxically, biodiversity is also being lost at unprecedented rates due to rapid human-induced environmental changes. Scenarios predicting the future of biodiversity and its associated services are a powerful tool to inform conservation planning but several barriers have impeded their widespread and productive use so far. A key limitation is that there is little guidance and no formal cost-benefit analysis on the use of different modeling approaches.





Delivering on the Paris Agreement: A Demand-Driven Integrated Assessment Modelling Approach
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PARIS REINFORCE aims to underpin climate policymaking with  robust scientific processes and results, and enhance the science-policy interface, in light of the Paris Agreement and associated challenges. In particular, our aim is to develop a novel, demand-driven, IAM-oriented assessment framework for effectively supporting the design and assessment of climate policies in the EU as well as in other major emitters and selected less emitting/developed countries, with  respect to the Paris Agreement objectives.




Evaluación del PROgreso de las Ciudades ESpañolas hacia la Adaptación


El objetivo del proyecto PROCESA (Evaluación del PROgreso de las Ciudades ESpañolas hacia la Adaptación), que cuenta con el apoyo de la Fundación Biodiversidad, del Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica, es precisamente analizar el progreso en materia de adaptación al cambio climático en las principales ciudades españolas, a través de la evalucación de sus planes y políticas de adaptación. 




Estimación del tiempo de recuperación de bosques templados tras impactos antropogénicos históricos a lo largo de un gradiente de complejidad Rebecom logo

Para reducir la acelerada perdida de diversidad, funciones y servicios de los ecosistemas, se han iniciado multitud de estrategias y programas de restauración por todo el mundo impulsados por las iniciativas de la Convención sobre la Diversidad Biológica o la Comisión Europea. Sin embargo, se ha comprobado en humedales, ríos y otros hábitats que los ecosistemas restaurados son menos funcionales y son menos diversos que los conservados (relativamente no perturbados) durante largos periodos de tiempo (>100 años). Esto puede deberse a muchos factores, pero está relacionado con el tiempo que tardan los ecosistemas en recuperarse completamente y con los parámetros usados para medir el éxito de la restauración. En este proyecto, medimos la evolución de algunas interacciones a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de 500 años para entender el proceso de recuperación de la estructura profunda de los ecosistemas.




REVALUE: RElational VALues in Urban Environments: A transdisciplinary approach  

REVALUE is a transdisciplinary project that aims to answer questions about the role of ‘relational values’ about nature in an urban context, including (1) What counts for people as relational value about urban biodiversity? (2) What indicators best measure relational values at both individual and social levels in an urban setting? And (3) How does it help to understand the relationships between urban biodiversity, human well-being and social equity, through a relational values lens? REVALUE also focuses on the role of recognizing and activating relational values in inclusive urban planning.  To find answers to these questions, REVALUE will apply a case study in the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz (European Green Capital 2012). 




SAfeguarding Biodiversity and Ecosystem seRvices by integrating CULTURAL values in freshwater management: learning from Maori  

Freshwater ecosystems are essential to people´s economic, cultural and social wellbeing, yet are still one of the most seriously threatened ecosystems on the planet. This conflict is reflected in political regulations that ask to halt the loss of, restore and safeguard freshwaters, their biodiversity and the ecosystem services they provide. Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM), a holistic approach advocated to help doing so, involves an overarching regulatory framework and local solutions with trade-offs and compromises - factors that make decision processes complex and easily co-opted.




Tools and analyses of value chains, income and employmentEuropean commission.svg

The objectives of this contract are:

 -Objective 1: Provide the JRC with a user-friendly code and graphical user interface (GUI) allowing the user to calculate and represent in the desired aggregation levels the domestic and foreign embodied employment and value added in bilateral gross exports using the WIOD (2016) database and other related labour statistics.

 -Objective 2: Produce one pocketbook with two volumes titled: "EU Exports: Effects on Employment and Income": the first volume would constitute the update of the publication "EU Exports to the World: Effects on Employment and Income" by using the new release of WIOD (2016); the second volume would consist of the same output but for Exports to the rest of the EU (Intra-EU effects). The publications will take necessarily the form of a pocketbook with the same format and contents as the published one for extra-EU trade (except for the gender dimension, which would be new in both cases).




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