BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

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This is just a short list of the more than 90 projects that are managed by BC3

Projects

ALICE

AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE Alice logo solid

The challenges facing society in urban wastewater management cannot be solved by any one sector alone. ALICE (AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE) will accelerate innovation by bringing together and exchanging knowledge between the key players who can, together, address the future techno-economic, governance and societal challenges arising from climate change. It will boost international and interdisciplinary skills, as well as careers perspective of Experienced Researchers, Early Stage Researchers, and the workforce of industry, water utilities and public organizations. The results will 1) benefit water utilities, 2) support political and managerial decisions in wastewater, 3) benefit wastewater equipment manufacturers, identifying new market opportunities in the EU, 4) benefit EU citizens from the improved wastewater infrastructure, the environment and job creations.

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AQUACROSS


Knowledge, Assessment, and Management for AQUAtic Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services aCROSS EU policies

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AQUACROSS seeks to expand current knowledge and foster the practical application of the ecosystem-based management (EBM) concept for all aquatic (freshwater, coastal, and marine) ecosystems (as a continuum) by contributing to the development of robust and cost-effective responses integrated management practices, and innovative business models addressing current and future changes in major drivers and pressures, integrated management practices, and innovative business models (Fig. 1). It thereby provides an unprecedented effort for seeking synergies and overcoming barriers between policy objectives, concepts, knowledge, data streams, and management approaches for freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems to support the timely achievement of the targets set out by the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2012-2020) adopted at COP10 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

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CLIC

AXA Postdoctoral Fellowship Marta Olazabal - Can we measure the effectiveness of public investments in urban climate resilience?

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After the Paris agreement, the need to collect more information about current efforts and progress towards adaptation is patent. Because of this, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of current adaptation policies is critical for public and private decision-making so that efforts can be well targeted, public funds and private investments can be effectively allocated, best-practices can be transferred and ultimately, adaptation science and practice can advance. When it comes to cities, local climate adaptation planning is relatively new. Earliest local adaptation plans began emerging about ten years ago and are an increasingly important component of the international climate policy agenda. It turns therefore critical to evaluate if and how local authorities are acting to adapt and whether local climate adaptation plans are on track to effectively reduce future risks. 

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CLIMAECON

Políticas climáticas y transición a una economía baja en carbono                  

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El principal objetivo de este proyecto de investigación es contribuir al avance del conocimiento científico para promover la reducción de emisiones de carbono y favorecer la transición a una economía baja en carbono. Este proyecto está orientado, específicamente, a adquirir nuevos conocimientos que permitan avanzar en la resolución del Reto 5 ("Acción sobre el cambio climático y eficiencia en la utilización de recursos y materias primas") identificado en la Estrategia Española de Ciencia y Tecnología y de Innovación.

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CLOCK

Climate Adaptation To Shifting Stocks Erc banner-horizontal

Management of marine fisheries is still far from incorporating adaptation to climate change, even though global stocks are heavily overexploited and climate change is adding additional pressure to the resource. In fact, there is growing evidence that current fisheries management systems may no longer be effective under climate change, and this will translate into both ecological and socioeconomic impacts. This research project argues that the combination of fisheries management science and socio-ecological systems thinking is necessary in order to advance in fisheries adaptation to climate change.

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COACCH

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CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs

 

COACCH will develop an innovative science-practice and integrated approach to co-design and co-deliver an improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe, working with end users from research, business, investment, and policy making communities throughout the project. COACCH will advance the evidence base on complex climate change impact chains, assessing their market, non-market, macroeconomic and social consequences in the EU.

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CONSEED

CONsumer Energy Efficiency Decision Making        Logo conseed def               

Consumers do not minimize the total costs of their energy-consuming investments due to a range of market and non-market based failures. This is known as the ‘Energy Efficiency Gap’. To reduce the gap and provide customers with energy consumption information, the EU has mandated that electrical appliances, cars and buildings carry information to indicate their energy consumption.
There is a large knowledge gap in terms of understanding which factors are salient in consumers’ decisions, the relative importance of these factors and how these factors change by consumer group and product type. The key idea behind CONSEED is to understand how consumers make decisions which involve an energy component, and to make (energy) operating costs more salient to consumers at the point of purchase to increase efficient behaviour.

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ENABLE.EU

Enabling the Energy Union through understanding the drivers of individual and collective energy choices in Europe       Logo enable.eu              

The Energy Union Framework Strategy laid out on 25 February 2015 has embraced a citizens-oriented energy transition based on a low-carbon transformation of the energy system. The success of the energy transition pillar in the Energy Union will hinge upon the social acceptability of the necessary reforms and on the public engagement in conceptualizing, planning, and implementing low carbon energy transitions. The ENABLE.EU project will aim to define the key determinants of individual and collective energy choices in three key consumption areas - transportation, heating & cooling, and electricity – and in the shift to presumption (users-led initiatives of decentralised energy production and trade).

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EQUIVAL

Nurturing a Shift towards Equitable Valuation of Nature in the Anthropocene Equival logo berria

In order to secure more ethical and more effective approaches for nature conservation, social equity needs to be integrated as a key aspect in environmental governance. This involves recognizing and creating transparent and participatory mechanisms that can explicitly include the voices of the diversity of stakes and worldviews about human-nature relations. This necessarily requires that valuation of biodiversity (a shorthand for nature or any biotic system as seen by modern science, or other knowledge systems) is also an equitable process. Equitable valuation requires: recognition of diversity of worldviews on human-nature relations, guaranteeing transparent participation of stakeholders, and being mindful of the distribution of benefits and burdens of valuation-based decisions.

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ESPERA

La Equidad Social en los Pagos por Servicios Ambientales (PSA): Una Perspectiva Socio- Ecológica Espera

El objetivo principal de ESPERA es contribuir al conocimiento del impacto de los PSA (Pagos por Servicios Ambientales o ecosistémicos) sobre la equidad social y sus interrelaciones (trade-offs) con la efectividad ambiental y la eficiencia económica, desde la perspectiva socio-ecológica de los servicios ecosistémicos. ESPERA avanzará en el desarrollo de un marco conceptual siguiendo el trabajo de Pascual et al (2010; 2014) mediante la introducción de las relaciones de poder entre los actores de los PSA, una variable normalmente obviada en la literatura sobre PSA).

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EUROFLOW

A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins Euroflow

A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins.

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Grupo operativo de reducción de GEI

Grupo operativo para la reducción de gases de efecto invernadero en el sector porcino  Grupo operativo de reduccion de gei

La reducción de las emisiones de GEI en Europa y, por lo tanto, en España, es ya una realidad debido a los compromisos internacionales adquiridos, a la sensibilización de la sociedad y a la necesidad de alcanzar un sistema productivo más limpio y respetuoso con el medioambiente. Por lo tanto, la implantación de técnicas de reducción de GEI en las explotaciones porcinas es inevitable y, lo que se pretende con este proyecto, es ofertar a los agentes implicados en el diseño y manejo de las explotaciones porcinas un amplio abanico de tecnologías disponibles que, siendo eficaces medioambientalmente, sean además viables técnica y económicamente para que no solo no pongan en peligro la rentabilidad del sector porcino, sino que ayuden a mejorar los rendimientos productivos y la imagen de las granjas y del mundo rural.

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IBERYCA

The role of plant-microbiota interactions in the resilience and collapse of mediterranean forest of holm-oaks  

Despite being a species historically adapted to Mediterranean drought conditions, Holm-oak (Q ilex subp Ballota) has shown clear signs of vulnerability in recent years reflected in an incipient process of defoliation and mortality. Given the urgent need to promote the conservation of this species of enormous ecological and socioeconomic importance in the Iberian Peninsula, it is a priority to improve our current understanding on the mechanisms and agents involved in health loss and vulnerability to extreme droughts and/or pathogenic attacks (eg Phytophthora cinnamomi). In this respect, the development of new "omics" has allowed to advance in the exploration of territories so far unexplored, such as the multifunctional role of the microbiota, the most diverse yet unknown ecosystem community, and its relation to physiological health. The project IBERYCA brings together an international and multidisciplinary team of experts (microbial ecologists, modelers, ecophysiologists, phytopathologists and biogeochemists) that will use the latest generation of "omics" techniques (metabarcoding and metabolomics) to deepen the multifunctional role of the microbiota (Prokaryotes, archaeas and fungi) in the health of Holm-oaks and their resilience to the increasing incidence of, e.g. extreme summer droughts and/or pathogen attacks.

 

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INHERIT

INter-sectoral Health Environment Research for InnovaTions Inherit logotagline rgb
 

The overarching aim of INHERIT is to define effective inter-sectoral policies and interventions that promote health and well-being across the social gradient by tackling key environmental stressors and related inequalities in the areas of living, consuming and moving.

INHERIT will bring together relevant stakeholders from different sectors, including the private sector.


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ISAGE

Innovation for Sustainable Sheep and Goat Production in Europe Logo isage

iSAGE will enhance the sustainability, competitiveness and resilience of the European Sheep and Goat sectors through collaboration between industry and research. iSAGE have a powerful consortium with 18 industry representatives from various EU production systems and socio-economic contexts. The sheep and goat sector will be investigated because it is sensitive to general socio-economic, demographic, and ecological and market challenges; nevertheless, the project’s approach and results will be made available and disseminated to other EU livestock industries. Therefore, at the core of iSAGE is a participatory approach centered on a multi-actor internal and external communication (WP) to build the project from the farmer level.


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MANURE

Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono.

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BC3 lidera  el subproyecto 5 del proyecto MANURE, titulado “Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono”

 

 

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OASIS

OASIS: OLAS DE CALOR E IMPACTOS SOBRE LA SALUD HUMANA Oasis

Entre los diferentes impactos del cambio climático, en la CAPV se prevé que, para finales de este siglo haya un aumento importante de temperatura tanto del aire como del océano, una reducción anual de la precipitación y un aumento del nivel del mar (Gobierno Vasco, 2011).

En relación con la temperatura, se estiman aumentos de 1-3°C de la temperatura mínima en invierno y una disminución del 50% en el número de días con temperaturas mínimas por debajo de 0°C (Gobierno Vasco, 2011)2. Se esperan también aumentos significativos de las temperaturas máximas, especialmente durante la época estival, que podrían alcanzar los 3°C a finales de siglo. Concretamente, se estima que la media de las temperaturas máximas para el periodo 2071-2100 se acercará a 39°C, lo que supone una diferencia de 4°C respecto al periodo 1978-2000. En consecuencia, se espera un aumento en la intensidad, frecuencia y duración olas de calor durante este siglo.

Entre otras consecuencias, estos cambios de temperatura pueden tener efectos sobre la salud humana. Por un lado, los inviernos más suaves contribuirían a reducir el pico de mortalidad invernal. Por otro lado, se estima que las temperaturas más elevadas contribuirán al aumento de determinadas enfermedades infecciosas, la propagación de vectores de las mismas (como mosquitos o garrapatas), así como el aumento de determinadas enfermedades de origen alimentario ligadas al incremento de temperatura (por ejemplo, salmonelosis). Además, las olas de calor pueden implicar un aumento de las cardiopatías y ciertas enfermedades respiratorias como asma y rinitis, que afectarán principalmente a los segmentos más vulnerables de la población (ancianos y niños) así como a los que padecen ya alguna enfermedad de este tipo

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PROCESA

Evaluación del PROgreso de las Ciudades ESpañolas hacia la Adaptación


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Evaluación del PROgreso de las Ciudades ESpañolas hacia la Adaptación, en el marco de la convocatoria de Proyectos de la FUndación Biodiversidad del año 2017, es precisamente analizar el progreso en materia de adaptación al cambio climático en las principales ciudades españolas, a través de la evalucación de sus planes y políticas de adaptación. 

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REBECOM

Estimación del tiempo de recuperación de bosques templados tras impactos antropogénicos históricos a lo largo de un gradiente de complejidad Rebecom logo

Para reducir la acelerada perdida de diversidad, funciones y servicios de los ecosistemas, se han iniciado multitud de estrategias y programas de restauración por todo el mundo impulsados por las iniciativas de la Convención sobre la Diversidad Biológica o la Comisión Europea. Sin embargo, se ha comprobado en humedales, ríos y otros hábitats que los ecosistemas restaurados son menos funcionales y son menos diversos que los conservados (relativamente no perturbados) durante largos periodos de tiempo (>100 años). Esto puede deberse a muchos factores, pero está relacionado con el tiempo que tardan los ecosistemas en recuperarse completamente y con los parámetros usados para medir el éxito de la restauración. En este proyecto, medimos la evolución de algunas interacciones a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de 500 años para entender el proceso de recuperación de la estructura profunda de los ecosistemas.

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SABER CULTURAL

SAfeguarding Biodiversity and Ecosystem seRvices by integrating CULTURAL values in freshwater management: learning from Maori  

Freshwater ecosystems are essential to people´s economic, cultural and social wellbeing, yet are still one of the most seriously threatened ecosystems on the planet. This conflict is reflected in political regulations that ask to halt the loss of, restore and safeguard freshwaters, their biodiversity and the ecosystem services they provide. Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM), a holistic approach advocated to help doing so, involves an overarching regulatory framework and local solutions with trade-offs and compromises - factors that make decision processes complex and easily co-opted.

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TRANSRISK

Transitions pathways and risk analysis for climate change mitigation and adaption strategies Transrisk

The main aims and objectives of TRANSrisk project are:

To create a novel assessment framework for analysing costs and benefits of transition pathways, where uncertainty is at the heart of policy design rather than accounted for through sensitivity analysis at the end of the analysis. The innovative framework will integrate well-established approaches to modelling the costs of resilient, low-carbon pathways with a wider interdisciplinary approach including risk assessments. 

Designing a decision support tool for policymakers. A decision support tool should help policy makers to better understand uncertainties and risks and enable them to include risk assessments into more robust policy design.


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