BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

En este apartado se presenta una muestra de los más de 90 proyectos que gestiona BC3



Climate cHange mitigAtioN poliCies and Equality: distributional implications forChance

different socio-economic groups

The overarching goal of CHANCE is to contribute to bridging the gap between economic and social goals, through enhancing our understanding of how to foster socially fair and economically efficient climate mitigation policies. CHANCE will be implemented through a novel approach integrating Computable General Equilibrium and Microsimulation models.

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AXA Postdoctoral Fellowship Marta Olazabal - Can we measure the effectiveness of public investments in urban climate resilience?

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After the Paris agreement, the need to collect more information about current efforts and progress towards adaptation is patent. Because of this, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of current adaptation policies is critical for public and private decision-making so that efforts can be well targeted, public funds and private investments can be effectively allocated, best-practices can be transferred and ultimately, adaptation science and practice can advance. When it comes to cities, local climate adaptation planning is relatively new. Earliest local adaptation plans began emerging about ten years ago and are an increasingly important component of the international climate policy agenda. It turns therefore critical to evaluate if and how local authorities are acting to adapt and whether local climate adaptation plans are on track to effectively reduce future risks. 

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Strengthening low carbon transition policies - Fortalecimiento de las políticas bajas de transición de carbono  

 The main objective of this research project is to advance scientific knowledge regarding the implementation and design of climate and energy policies to promote a transition to a low-carbon, sustainable economy efficiently and equitatively. This objective is in line with challenge 5: "Acción sobre el cambio climático y eficiencia en la utilización de recursos y materias primas” identified in the "Estrategia Española de Ciencia y Tecnología y de Innovación".

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Climate Adaptation To Shifting Stocks Erc banner-horizontal

Management of marine fisheries is still far from incorporating adaptation to climate change, even though global stocks are heavily overexploited and climate change is adding additional pressure to the resource. In fact, there is growing evidence that current fisheries management systems may no longer be effective under climate change, and this will translate into both ecological and socioeconomic impacts. This research project argues that the combination of fisheries management science and socio-ecological systems thinking is necessary in order to advance in fisheries adaptation to climate change.

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CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs


COACCH will develop an innovative science-practice and integrated approach to co-design and co-deliver an improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe, working with end users from research, business, investment, and policy making communities throughout the project. COACCH will advance the evidence base on complex climate change impact chains, assessing their market, non-market, macroeconomic and social consequences in the EU.

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Crecimiento verde en Bizkaia

La Fundación BBK Fundazioa tiene entre sus objetivos fomentar y desarrollar la cultura, difundir el conocimiento y la formación de las personas y en 2018 decidió apoyar a la Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU) y Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) en el marco del Programa Low Carbon establecido entre ambas instituciones.

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ENERgy Efficiency POLIcies in Spain: analysing consumer choices Lacaixa


In order to combat climate change, several policies have been used in Spain to reduce the carbon intensity of the economy. However, household behavioural change has not received enough priority by the international climate debate. For these, more research is needed to keep the 1.5ºC target within reach. ENERPOLIS seeks to understand the effectiveness of market based (energy efficiency labels) and command and control instruments (Low emission zones) in Spain. This will be done through analysing the willingness to pay for energy efficiency of household appliances and study the effectiveness of the Madrid Low emission zone. The project will allow to provide useful recommendations to improve the design of policies influencing consumers’ choices of energy efficient technologies. Specifically, it will allow us to provide insights on the effectiveness of regulatory and economic instruments in the transition towards an energy efficient economy.

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A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins Euroflow

A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins.

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Governance of climate change adaptation and risk management Governadapt logo


Governadapt is a 1-year pilot project funded by the Basque Cooperation Agency whose main goal is assessing climate-induced coastal risks in the city of Dakar and determining, in a co-creation process with stakeholders, acceptable levels of risk that will guide the identification of different adaptation pathways.

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Evaluando el papel de la diversidad del suelo en el mantenimiento de la funcionalidad de los hayedos en un escenario de cambio climático  

El calentamiento de la superficie terrestre, junto con los cambios en los regímenes de precipitación, incrementan la frecuencia e intensidad de episodios de sequía, debido al cambio climático. En las últimas décadas ha aumentado el riesgo de pérdida de funcionalidad de los ecosistemas debido a la recurrencia de episodios de sequía, incluso para regiones donde la disponibilidad hídrica no se presuponía limitante. Es el caso de los bosques de las regiones templadas, como los hayedos europeos (Fagus sylvatica), donde se han observado claros signos de decaimiento en los últimos años en los límites altitudinales y latitudinales inferiores de su distribución, es decir en las áreas expuestas a temperaturas más elevadas y a mayor déficit hídrico.

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Proposal title Holistic management practices, modelling and monitoring for European forest soils  

Current knowledge gaps on forest soil processes and lack of a harmonised soil monitoring framework limit the EU’s ability to achieve LULUCF sector climate policy targets by optimising soil and forest management practices. Holistic sustainable management practices are needed to maintain and enhance soil biodiversity and resilience, and to provide various ecosystem services, incl. reduction of soil GHG emissions.

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Ice Microstructure and Mechanics, and their Implications for the Integrity of Climate Proxies in Ice Cores Microestructura y Mecánica del Hielo y sus implicaciones para la integridad de los Proxies Climáticos en Testigos de Hielo



Glaciers and ice sheets are essential elements of Earths climate system. Their interactions with the environment can have dramatic implications for life on the globe, as demonstrated by their roles in sea-level rise and global warming. Such environmental interactions remain recorded in the ice microstructure, in form of impurities like air bubbles, particles, and other climate proxies buried by subsequent snowfalls. It happens, however, that glaciers and ice sheets flow.

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Interreg ALICE

Improving the management of Atlantic landscapes: accouting for bIodiversity and ecosystem services Alice

An integrative, landscape management approach incorporating socioeconomic and climate change scenarios is critical to ensure the delivery of benefits from investments in Blue and Green Infrastructures to meet the 2020 EU biodiversity targets and sustainable development in the Atlantic Region.

The ALICE project will develop a comprehensive package of new methods, tools and procedures to identify economic and social barriers to the delivery of benefits from Blue and Green Infrastructures implementation and to improve the characterization of biodiversity and the valuation of Ecosystem Services across four Atlantic case studies (Portugal, Spain, France and UK-Ireland). ALICE will focus on participative learning and modelling by engaging stakeholders and policy makers to identify best Blue and Green Infrastructures solutions.


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Integrative modelling to understand pollination services across agricultural landscapes  

Pollinator declines raise concern globally given the dependence of >70% of crops on pollinators. In South Africa (SA), pollination limitation is widespread, already documented for different crops. Improving flower visitation by wild pollinators could therefore substantially decrease yield gaps, while simultaneously delivering the conservation of important biodiversity. However, currently we lack basic knowledge on (i) the identity of the wild pollinator species that visit different crops, (ii) their efficiency, (iii) their responses to landscape characteristics and (iv) the spatial match or mismatch between source areas of pollinators and croplands. This stems from knowledge gaps in our taxonomic system, lack of empirical tests of pollination efficiencies and responses to land use, and the absence of models designed specifically for South Africa (SA) settings.

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Emergencia y diseminación de resistencias a los antibióticos: Vínculos entre salud humana, ganadería, alimentación y medio ambiente  


Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), las resistencias a los antibióticos son actualmente una de las mayores amenazas para la salud humana, la sostenibilidad económica de los sistemas sanitarios, la seguridad alimentaria y, en general, el desarrollo socioeconómico.

En la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco (CAPV), al igual que en el resto del mundo, este problema está aumentando de forma preocupante, como se refleja en la creciente detección en nuestros hospitales de infecciones causadas por bacterias multirresistentes o panresistentes, con el consiguiente aumento de fallecimientos, costes sanitarios (exempli gratia, tratamientos más costosos, estancias más largas en hospitales, tratamientos crónicos derivados de las secuelas médicas) y pérdidas de productividad para las empresas (e.g., bajas laborales).

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The overall objective of LOCOMOTION is to enhance existing Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) in order to provide policy makers and relevant stakeholders with a reliable and practical model system to assess the feasibility, effectiveness, costs and impacts of different sustainability policy options, and to identify the most effective transition pathways towards a low-carbon society.

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Modelling and Analysis of Low Carbon transitiONs Modelado y análisis de transiciones bajas en carbono  

The Modelling and Analysis of Low Carbon transitiONs (MALCON) project is the continuation of the research carried out by the principal investigator and his team on environmental-economic modelling, low carbon transitions and international trade. This research activity is organised in two different research lines: RL1. Analysis of global supply chains, and RL2. Modelling the transition towards a low carbon economy. The MALCON project is framed in the Societal Challenges 3 (Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy) and 5 Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials of the H2020 programme (objectives 13th and 15th of the Spanish Strategy of Science, Technology and Innovation).

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Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono.

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BC3 lidera  el subproyecto 5 del proyecto MANURE, titulado “Gestión de deyecciones en sistemas productivos de vacuno de leche de la cornisa cantábrica. De la explotación al territorio: eficiencia del uso de nutrientes, mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero y reducción de la huella de carbono”



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Sustainable land management practices for the preservation of biodiversity and other ecosystem services in the Mijares basin


Rural areas of Mediterranean watersheds face enormous environmental challenges in managing and responding to water scarcity, reducing erosion, and conserving their rich biodiversity. These problems have been aggravated by practices of mismanagement of the territory. In this context, MASBIO is framed with the objective of proposing actions for sustainable land management at the level of the river basin, for the Mijares River. Sustainable land management practices are adaptation actions that generate synergies between the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere, and promote sustainable rural development. MASBIO proposes to propose such proposals as a result of scientific research, the use of existing traditional and administrative knowledge for the generation of new knowledge and flexible and open access tools, including the use of artificial intelligence and the active involvement of key actors in the basin.

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Open Library of Pollinator Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Scenarios  

Biodiversity is now recognized as pivotal in maintaining ecosystem functions and providing ecosystem services with positive impacts for human well being. Paradoxically, biodiversity is also being lost at unprecedented rates due to rapid human-induced environmental changes. Scenarios predicting the future of biodiversity and its associated services are a powerful tool to inform conservation planning but several barriers have impeded their widespread and productive use so far. A key limitation is that there is little guidance and no formal cost-benefit analysis on the use of different modeling approaches.


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Delivering on the Paris Agreement: A Demand-Driven Integrated Assessment Modelling Approach
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