BC3. Basque centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai

En este apartado se presenta una muestra de los más de 90 proyectos que gestiona BC3



AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE Alice logo solid

The challenges facing society in urban wastewater management cannot be solved by any one sector alone. ALICE (AcceLerate Innovation in urban wastewater management for Climate changE) will accelerate innovation by bringing together and exchanging knowledge between the key players who can, together, address the future techno-economic, governance and societal challenges arising from climate change. It will boost international and interdisciplinary skills, as well as careers perspective of Experienced Researchers, Early Stage Researchers, and the workforce of industry, water utilities and public organizations. The results will 1) benefit water utilities, 2) support political and managerial decisions in wastewater, 3) benefit wastewater equipment manufacturers, identifying new market opportunities in the EU, 4) benefit EU citizens from the improved wastewater infrastructure, the environment and job creations.

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Knowledge, Assessment, and Management for AQUAtic Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services aCROSS EU policies


AQUACROSS seeks to expand current knowledge and foster the practical application of the ecosystem-based management (EBM) concept for all aquatic (freshwater, coastal, and marine) ecosystems (as a continuum) by contributing to the development of robust and cost-effective responses integrated management practices, and innovative business models addressing current and future changes in major drivers and pressures, integrated management practices, and innovative business models (Fig. 1). It thereby provides an unprecedented effort for seeking synergies and overcoming barriers between policy objectives, concepts, knowledge, data streams, and management approaches for freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems to support the timely achievement of the targets set out by the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2012-2020) adopted at COP10 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

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Políticas climáticas y transición a una economía baja en carbono                  

Climaecon logo

El principal objetivo de este proyecto de investigación es contribuir al avance del conocimiento científico para promover la reducción de emisiones de carbono y favorecer la transición a una economía baja en carbono. Este proyecto está orientado, específicamente, a adquirir nuevos conocimientos que permitan avanzar en la resolución del Reto 5 ("Acción sobre el cambio climático y eficiencia en la utilización de recursos y materias primas") identificado en la Estrategia Española de Ciencia y Tecnología y de Innovación.

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Climate Adaptation To Shifting Stocks Erc banner-horizontal

Management of marine fisheries is still far from incorporating adaptation to climate change, even though global stocks are heavily overexploited and climate change is adding additional pressure to the resource. In fact, there is growing evidence that current fisheries management systems may no longer be effective under climate change, and this will translate into both ecological and socioeconomic impacts. This research project argues that the combination of fisheries management science and socio-ecological systems thinking is necessary in order to advance in fisheries adaptation to climate change.

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CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs  

COACCH will develop an innovative science-practice and integrated approach to co-design and co-deliver an improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe, working with end users from research, business, investment, and policy making communities throughout the project. COACCH will advance the evidence base on complex climate change impact chains, assessing their market, non-market, macroeconomic and social consequences in the EU.

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CONsumer Energy Efficiency Decision Making        Logo conseed def               

Consumers do not minimize the total costs of their energy-consuming investments due to a range of market and non-market based failures. This is known as the ‘Energy Efficiency Gap’. To reduce the gap and provide customers with energy consumption information, the EU has mandated that electrical appliances, cars and buildings carry information to indicate their energy consumption.
There is a large knowledge gap in terms of understanding which factors are salient in consumers’ decisions, the relative importance of these factors and how these factors change by consumer group and product type. The key idea behind CONSEED is to understand how consumers make decisions which involve an energy component, and to make (energy) operating costs more salient to consumers at the point of purchase to increase efficient behaviour.

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DEltas, vulnerability and Climate Change; Migration as an Adaptation


With their large and often poor populations in low-lying areas, deltas have long been seen as highly vulnerable to climate change and non-climate drivers with, in the most extreme, large-scale displacement of people being the result. Migration is a complex process which is already occurring in all deltas, largely independent of climate change. Most research on deltas and migration tends to focus on individual system elements and issues rather than taking a systems-level perspective. This fails to consider the wider consequences of climate change and the interdependence between these phenomena and people’s behaviour. In contrast to previous research, this programme of research will take a systemic and multi-scale analytical perspective to understand gendered vulnerability and adaptation in deltas under a changing climate by analysing four contrasting populous delta systems in South Asia and Africa where there is significant potential for migration.

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Enabling the Energy Union through understanding the drivers of individual and collective energy choices in Europe       Logo enable.eu              

The Energy Union Framework Strategy laid out on 25 February 2015 has embraced a citizens-oriented energy transition based on a low-carbon transformation of the energy system. The success of the energy transition pillar in the Energy Union will hinge upon the social acceptability of the necessary reforms and on the public engagement in conceptualizing, planning, and implementing low carbon energy transitions. The ENABLE.EU project will aim to define the key determinants of individual and collective energy choices in three key consumption areas - transportation, heating & cooling, and electricity – and in the shift to presumption (users-led initiatives of decentralised energy production and trade).

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Nurturing a Shift towards Equitable Valuation of Nature in the Anthropocene Equival logo berria

In order to secure more ethical and more effective approaches for nature conservation, social equity needs to be integrated as a key aspect in environmental governance. This involves recognizing and creating transparent and participatory mechanisms that can explicitly include the voices of the diversity of stakes and worldviews about human-nature relations. This necessarily requires that valuation of biodiversity (a shorthand for nature or any biotic system as seen by modern science, or other knowledge systems) is also an equitable process. Equitable valuation requires: recognition of diversity of worldviews on human-nature relations, guaranteeing transparent participation of stakeholders, and being mindful of the distribution of benefits and burdens of valuation-based decisions.

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Landscapes in transition: synthesising knowledge on trade-offs between land use changes, ecosystem services and wellbeing.


Agricultural intensification is a dominant environment and development policy intervention in landscapes characterised by shifting cultivation and/or by a mosaic of farm and forest lands. And yet recent studies from ESPA and beyond are beginning to show that the outcomes of such interventions can frequently fail in their intentions to alleviate poverty and reduce losses of forests and biodiversity. The main objective of this research is to improve our understanding of the effects of agricultural intensification, with a view to better understanding how agricultural policy and interventions can be more sustainable and pro-poor.

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La Equidad Social en los Pagos por Servicios Ambientales (PSA): Una Perspectiva Socio- Ecológica Espera

El objetivo principal de ESPERA es contribuir al conocimiento del impacto de los PSA (Pagos por Servicios Ambientales o ecosistémicos) sobre la equidad social y sus interrelaciones (trade-offs) con la efectividad ambiental y la eficiencia económica, desde la perspectiva socio-ecológica de los servicios ecosistémicos. ESPERA avanzará en el desarrollo de un marco conceptual siguiendo el trabajo de Pascual et al (2010; 2014) mediante la introducción de las relaciones de poder entre los actores de los PSA, una variable normalmente obviada en la literatura sobre PSA).

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A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins Euroflow

A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins.

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INter-sectoral Health Environment Research for InnovaTions Inherit logotagline rgb

The overarching aim of INHERIT is to define effective inter-sectoral policies and interventions that promote health and well-being across the social gradient by tackling key environmental stressors and related inequalities in the areas of living, consuming and moving.

INHERIT will bring together relevant stakeholders from different sectors, including the private sector.

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Innovation for Sustainable Sheep and Goat Production in Europe Logo isage

iSAGE will enhance the sustainability, competitiveness and resilience of the European Sheep and Goat sectors through collaboration between industry and research. iSAGE have a powerful consortium with 18 industry representatives from various EU production systems and socio-economic contexts. The sheep and goat sector will be investigated because it is sensitive to general socio-economic, demographic, and ecological and market challenges; nevertheless, the project’s approach and results will be made available and disseminated to other EU livestock industries. Therefore, at the core of iSAGE is a participatory approach centered on a multi-actor internal and external communication (WP) to build the project from the farmer level.

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Entre los diferentes impactos del cambio climático, en la CAPV se prevé que, para finales de este siglo haya un aumento importante de temperatura tanto del aire como del océano, una reducción anual de la precipitación y un aumento del nivel del mar (Gobierno Vasco, 2011).

En relación con la temperatura, se estiman aumentos de 1-3°C de la temperatura mínima en invierno y una disminución del 50% en el número de días con temperaturas mínimas por debajo de 0°C (Gobierno Vasco, 2011)2. Se esperan también aumentos significativos de las temperaturas máximas, especialmente durante la época estival, que podrían alcanzar los 3°C a finales de siglo. Concretamente, se estima que la media de las temperaturas máximas para el periodo 2071-2100 se acercará a 39°C, lo que supone una diferencia de 4°C respecto al periodo 1978-2000. En consecuencia, se espera un aumento en la intensidad, frecuencia y duración olas de calor durante este siglo.

Entre otras consecuencias, estos cambios de temperatura pueden tener efectos sobre la salud humana. Por un lado, los inviernos más suaves contribuirían a reducir el pico de mortalidad invernal. Por otro lado, se estima que las temperaturas más elevadas contribuirán al aumento de determinadas enfermedades infecciosas, la propagación de vectores de las mismas (como mosquitos o garrapatas), así como el aumento de determinadas enfermedades de origen alimentario ligadas al incremento de temperatura (por ejemplo, salmonelosis). Además, las olas de calor pueden implicar un aumento de las cardiopatías y ciertas enfermedades respiratorias como asma y rinitis, que afectarán principalmente a los segmentos más vulnerables de la población (ancianos y niños) así como a los que padecen ya alguna enfermedad de este tipo



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Optimised animal specific barn climatisation facing temperature rise and increased climate variability

optibarn logo

OptiBarn tends to develop region-specific, sustainable adaptation strategies for dairy housing, focusing on an optimised climatisation of naturally ventilated buildings (NVB).

Naturally ventilated buildings are particularly vulnerable to climate change since the indoor climate strongly depends on the extremes and variability of the outdoor climate. Without sound adaptation strategies, increased climate variability will result in a sub-optimal thermal environment in many livestock buildings impairing production and welfare of animals.

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Estimación del tiempo de recuperación de bosques templados tras impactos antropogénicos históricos a lo largo de un gradiente de complejidad Rebecom logo

Para reducir la acelerada perdida de diversidad, funciones y servicios de los ecosistemas, se han iniciado multitud de estrategias y programas de restauración por todo el mundo impulsados por las iniciativas de la Convención sobre la Diversidad Biológica o la Comisión Europea. Sin embargo, se ha comprobado en humedales, ríos y otros hábitats que los ecosistemas restaurados son menos funcionales y son menos diversos que los conservados (relativamente no perturbados) durante largos periodos de tiempo (>100 años). Esto puede deberse a muchos factores, pero está relacionado con el tiempo que tardan los ecosistemas en recuperarse completamente y con los parámetros usados para medir el éxito de la restauración. En este proyecto, medimos la evolución de algunas interacciones a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de 500 años para entender el proceso de recuperación de la estructura profunda de los ecosistemas.

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Climate Resilient Cities and Infrastructures Resin

With most of its population and capital goods concentrated in urban areas, cities are key to the European economy. One of the major challenges cities face are more frequent extreme weather events due to climate change. The current diversity of approaches and methods available for cities developing an adaptation strategy limits the comparability between cities of vulnerabilities, adaptation options, infrastructures, etc., and, as a result, the resilience capability. The lack of standardized information to prioritize and select appropriate adaptation options restricts the exchange of experiences between cities. 

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SAfeguarding Biodiversity and Ecosystem seRvices by integrating CULTURAL values in freshwater management: learning from Maori  

Freshwater ecosystems are essential to people´s economic, cultural and social wellbeing, yet are still one of the most seriously threatened ecosystems on the planet. This conflict is reflected in political regulations that ask to halt the loss of, restore and safeguard freshwaters, their biodiversity and the ecosystem services they provide. Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM), a holistic approach advocated to help doing so, involves an overarching regulatory framework and local solutions with trade-offs and compromises - factors that make decision processes complex and easily co-opted.

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El Papel de la Equidad Social en la Gobernanza de la Naturaleza desde una Perspectiva Socio-Ecológica



The role of Social Equity in the Governance of Nature: A Social-Ecological approach 

Sees logo


SEES tiene como finalidad contribuir al conocimiento y ayudar a los tomadores de decisiones y agentes involucrados en la conservación de la naturaleza para gestionar adecuadamente la interrelación entre la conservación y la equidad social desde un enfoque socio-ecológico, y por tanto más allá de una perspectiva biofísica, tal y como normalmente se analizan los instrumentos de la conservación. El objetivo general del proyecto es analizar empíricamente los impactos de equidad en los programas de pagos por servicios ambientales (PSA) como sistema de gobernanza de la conservación. Este objetivo surge del escaso énfasis conceptual y empírico del marco de los servicios de los ecosistemas sobre la equidad y los instrumentos de conservación (distribución de costes y beneficios, reconocimiento de valores de distintos actores y los procedimientos participativos). El marco conceptual en el que se basa la investigación parte de varios estudios publicados recientemente (p.e., Pascual et al 2010, Corbera y Pascual 2012, Narloch et al 2013 y Pascual et al 2014). Se realizarán casos de estudio en América Latina debido al énfasis e interés por los programas de PSA en la región. Los resultados serán diseminados tanto a investigadores como a tomadores de decisiones a nivel global.

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Transitions pathways and risk analysis for climate change mitigation and adaption strategies Transrisk

The main aims and objectives of TRANSrisk project are:

To create a novel assessment framework for analysing costs and benefits of transition pathways, where uncertainty is at the heart of policy design rather than accounted for through sensitivity analysis at the end of the analysis. The innovative framework will integrate well-established approaches to modelling the costs of resilient, low-carbon pathways with a wider interdisciplinary approach including risk assessments. 

Designing a decision support tool for policymakers. A decision support tool should help policy makers to better understand uncertainties and risks and enable them to include risk assessments into more robust policy design.

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